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ទំព័រគំរូ:Infobox civilian attack

នៅថ្ងៃទី ២២ ឧសភា ២០១៧ មានការបំផ្ទុះគ្រាប់បែកអត្តឃាតនៅមែនឈេសទ័រអារីណា ក្នុងទីក្រុងManchester, ចក្រភពអង់គ្លេស, following a concert by American singer Ariana Grande. The attacker was identified as Salman Ramadan Abedi, a 22-year-old British Muslim who detonated a shrapnel-laden improvised explosive device at the exit of the arena after the event. Twenty-three adults and children, including Abedi, were killed and 116 were injured, 23 critically.

Abedi was initially suspected of working within a terrorist network, and various people were arrested in connection with the incident. Police later said they believed he had largely acted alone.

Attack[កែប្រែ]

On 22 May 2017, at around 22:30 BST (UTC+01:00),[១] a suicide bomber detonated an improvised explosive device, packed with nuts and bolts to act as shrapnel, in the foyer area of the Manchester Arena. The attack took place after an Ariana Grande concert that was part of her 2017 Dangerous Woman Tour.[២][៣] The concert was sold out,[៤] and 14,200 people attended.[៥] Many exiting concert-goers and waiting parents were in the foyer at the time of the explosion.

Greater Manchester Police declared the incident a terrorist attack and suicide bombing. It was the deadliest attack in the United Kingdom since the 7 July 2005 London bombings.[៦]

Aftermath[កែប្រែ]

About three hours after the bombing, police conducted a controlled explosion on a suspicious item of clothing in Cathedral Gardens. This was later confirmed to have been abandoned clothing and not dangerous.[៧][៨]

Residents and taxi companies in Manchester offered free transport or accommodation via Twitter to those left stranded at the concert.[៩] Parents of children attending the concert were separated in the aftermath of the explosion. A nearby hotel served as a shelter for children displaced by the bombing, with officials directing their parents there.[១០] Manchester's Sikh temples (gurdwaras) along with local homeowners, hotels and venues offered shelter to victims of the attack.[១១]

British military personnel alongside armed police as part of Operation Temperer in response to the raised threat level

Manchester Victoria railway station, which is partly underneath the arena, was evacuated and closed, and services were cancelled.[២][១២] The explosion caused structural damage to the station, which remained closed until the damage had been assessed and repaired, resulting in significant disruption to train and tram services.[១៣] The station reopened to traffic on 30 May 2017, following the completion of police investigation work and repairs to the fabric of the building.[១៤]

After a COBRA meeting with Greater Manchester's Chief Constable, Ian Hopkins, on 23 May, Prime Minister Theresa May announced that the UK's terror threat level[១៥] was raised to "critical", its highest level.[១៦] The threat level remained critical until 27 May, when it was reduced to its previous level of severe.[១៧] In the aftermath of the attack Operation Temperer was activated for the first time, allowing up to 5,000 soldiers to reinforce armed police in protecting parts of the country.[១៨][១៩][២០] Tours of the Houses of Parliament and the Changing of the Guard ceremony at Buckingham Palace were cancelled on 24 May, and troops were deployed to guard government buildings in London.[២១]

On 23 May, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, via the Nashir Telegram channel, claimed the attack was carried out by "a soldier of the Khilafah". The message called the attack "an endeavor to terrorize the mushrikin, and in response to their transgressions against the lands of the Muslims."[២២][២៣][២៤] Abedi's sister speculated that he was motivated by revenge for Muslim children killed by American airstrikes in Syria.[២៥][២៦]

Casualties[កែប្រែ]

The blast killed the attacker, and 22 concert-goers and parents who were in the entrance waiting to pick up their children following the show; 116 people were injured.[២៧] កាលពី 26 ឧសភា 2017 (2017 -05-26), 75 people remained in hospital, 23 of them, including five children, in critical care.[២៨] The dead included ten people under 20, the youngest an eight-year-old girl.[២៧]

North West Ambulance Service reported that 60 of its ambulances attended the scene, carried 59 people to local hospitals, and treated a number of walking wounded on site.[២៩] Of those hospitalised, 12 were children under the age of 16.[៣០]

Attacker[កែប្រែ]

ឯកសារ:Salman Ramadan Abedi, suicide attacker in the Manchester Arena bombing.jpg
Abedi photographed at a mosque several years before the attack

The bomber, Salman Ramadan Abedi, was a 22-year-old British Muslim of Libyan ancestry.[៣១][៣២] He was born in Manchester on 31 December 1994 to a family of Libyan-born refugees who had settled in south Manchester after fleeing to the UK to escape the government of Muammar Gaddafi. He had two brothers and a sister.[៣៣][៣៤] He grew up in the Whalley Range area and lived in Fallowfield.[៣៥] According to The Times, Abedi had been among a group of students who had accused a teacher of Islamophobia for criticising suicide bombing.[៣៦][៣៧] According to the BBC, "Friends remember him as a good footballer, a keen supporter of Manchester United and a user of cannabis."[៣៣]ទំព័រគំរូ:Importance inline Neighbours described the Abedi family as very traditional and "super religious".[៣៨] Abedi, his elder brother,[៣៩] and, prior to 2011, his father attended Didsbury Mosque.[៣៥][៤០][៤១] An imam at the mosque recalled that Abedi looked at him "with hate" after he preached against ISIS and Ansar al-Sharia in 2015.[៤២]

Abedi's parents, both born in Tripoli, returned to Libya in 2011 following the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi,[៣៥] while Abedi stayed in the United Kingdom. Abedi attended Burnage Academy for Boys in Manchester between 2009 and 2011, before going to The Manchester College until 2013 and then in 2014 enrolled at the University of Salford, where he studied business management. Abedi later dropped out to work in a bakery.[៣៣] Manchester police believe Abedi used student loans to finance the plot, including travel overseas to learn bomb-making.[៤៣] The Guardian reported he may have received loan funding as recently as April.[៤៤]

He was known to British security services and police but was not regarded as a high risk, having been linked to petty crime but never flagged up for radical views.[៤០][៤៥] A community worker told the BBC he had called a hotline five years before the bombing to warn police about Abedi's views and members of Britain’s Libyan diaspora said they had "warned authorities for years" about Manchester's Islamist radicalisation.[៤៦][៤៧] Abedi was allegedly reported to authorities for his extremism by as many as five community leaders and family members;[៤៨][៤៩][៥០] the Chief Constable of Greater Manchester, though, said Abedi was not known to the "Prevent" anti-radicalisation programme.[៥១] On 29 May, MI5 launched an internal inquiry into its handling of the warnings it had received about Abedi and a second, "more in depth" inquiry, into how it missed the danger.[៥២][៥៣][៥៤]

Investigation[កែប្រែ]

Bombing location map

The property in Fallowfield where Abedi lived was raided on 23 May. Armed police breached the house with a controlled explosion and searched it. Abedi's 23-year-old brother was arrested in Chorlton-cum-Hardy in south Manchester in relation to the attack.[៥៥][៥៦] Police carried out raids in two other areas of south Manchester and another address in the Whalley Range area.[៥៦] Three other men were arrested, and police initially spoke of a network supporting the bomber,[៤៦] although police later announced that Abedi had sourced all the bomb components himself, and they now believed he had largely acted alone.[៥៧]

According to German police sources, Abedi transited through Düsseldorf airport on his way home to Manchester from Istanbul four days before the bombing.[៥៨] French interior minister Gérard Collomb told a French TV channel that Abedi may have been to Syria, and had "proven" links with ISIS.[៥៩] Abedi's younger brother and father were arrested by Libyan security forces on 23 and 24 May respectively.[៦០] The brother was suspected of planning an attack in Libya, and was said to be in regular touch with Salman, and aware of the plan to bomb the Manchester Arena,[៦១] but not the date.[២៨] According to a Libyan official, the brothers spoke on the phone about 15 minutes before the attack was carried out.[៦២]

Photographs of the remains of the IED published by The New York Times indicated that it had comprised an explosive charge inside a lightweight metal container which was carried within a black vest or a blue Karrimor backpack. Most of the fatalities occurred in a ring around the bomber. His torso was propelled by the blast through the doors to the arena, possibly indicating that the explosive charge was held in the backpack and blew him forward on detonation. A small device thought to have possibly been a hand-held detonator was also found.[៦៣] US Congressman Michael McCaul, chairman of the House Homeland Security Committee, indicated that the bomb contained the explosive TATP, which has been used in previous bombings.[៦៤] According to Manchester police, the explosive device used by Abedi was the design of a skilled bomb-maker and had a back-up means of detonation.[៦៥] Police also said Salman Abedi "bought most of Manchester bomb components himself" and that he was alone during much of the time before the carrying out the Manchester bombing.[៦៦]

Police released images showing Abedi on the night of the bombing, taken from CCTV footage.[៦៧] Police released images on 29 May showing Abedi walking around Manchester with a blue suitcase.[៦៨]

According to US intelligence sources, Abedi was identified by the bank card that he had with him and the identification confirmed using facial recognition technology.[៦៩]

កាលពី 3 2017 (2017 -Expression error: Unrecognized word "june".-03), 17 people (both men and women) had been arrested, of whom 11 (men aged between 18 and 44) remained in police custody.[៧០]

News leaks[កែប្រែ]

Within hours of the attack, Abedi's name and other information given confidentially to security services in the United States and France were leaked to the news media, leading to condemnation from Home Secretary Amber Rudd.[៧១][៧២] Following the publication of crime scene photographs of the backpack bomb used in the attack in the 24 May edition of The New York Times, UK counterterrorism police chiefs said the release of the material was detrimental to the investigation.[៧៣]

On 25 May, Greater Manchester Police said it had stopped sharing information on the attack with the US intelligence services. Prime Minister Theresa May said she would make clear to President Trump that "intelligence that has been shared must be made secure."[៧៤] Trump described the leaks to the news media as "deeply troubling", and pledged to carry out a full investigation.[៧៥] British officials blamed the leaks on "the breakdown of normal discipline at the White House and in the US security services".[៧៦] New York Times editor Dean Baquet declined to apologise for publishing the backpack bomb photographs, saying "We live in different press worlds" and that the material was not classified at the highest level.[៧៧]

On 26 May, U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said the United States government accepted full responsibility for the leaks.[៧៨]

Reactions[កែប្រែ]

United Kingdom[កែប្រែ]

Floral tributes to the victims of the attack in St Ann's Square in Manchester city centre

The Prime Minister, Theresa May, condemned the bombing,[៧៩] while the Queen expressed her sympathy to the families of the victims.[៨០] Campaigning for the general election was suspended by all political parties for two days after the attack.[៨១][៨២] The Mayor of Greater Manchester, Andy Burnham, called the attack "evil"[៨៣] and announced a vigil in Albert Square the following evening,[៨៤] which thousands attended.[៨៥] The Muslim Council of Britain also condemned the attack.[៨៦]

On 25 May 2017, a national minute's silence was observed to remember the victims.[៨៧]

International[កែប្រែ]

Condolences were expressed by the leaders and governments of dozens of countries,[៨៨] United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres,[៨៩] Commonwealth Secretary-General Patricia Scotland,[៩០] President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker,[៩១] Pope Francis,[៩២] and Secretary General of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation Yousef Al-Othaimeen.[៩៣]

Ariana Grande posted on her official Twitter account: "broken. from the bottom of my heart, i am so so sorry. i don't have words. [sic]"[៩៤] Grande subsequently suspended her tour and flew to her mother's home in Florida.[៩៥][៩៦]

One Love Manchester[កែប្រែ]

On 26 May, Grande announced that she would host a benefit concert in Manchester.[៩៧] Proceeds will go to victims and families affected by the attack, with free tickets offered to those who attended the show on 22 May. The concert, entitled "One Love Manchester", will take place on 4 June at Old Trafford Cricket Ground and will be broadcast live on television and radio. At the concert, Grande will perform along with several other artists.[៩៨]

See also[កែប្រែ]

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References[កែប្រែ]

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  14. {{{autho |Surname2 = {{{last2|{{{surna{{{autho |Surname3 = {{{l{ទំព័រគំរូ:Au ព្រោះតែកន្លែងនិងញុមធ្លាប់ទៅហើយក៏បានធ្លាប់ហូបដែល
  15. {{{autho |Surname2 = {{{last2|{{{surna{{{autho |Surname3 = {{{l{ទំព័រគំរូ:Au ព្រោះតែកន្លែងនិងញុមធ្លាប់ទៅហើយក៏បានធ្លាប់ហូបដែល Current threat levels in Great Britain and in Northern Ireland from international and Northern Ireland-related terrorism published here. International in all the UK is shown as "critical" for a period following the attack.
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  40. ៤០,០ ៤០,១ "Manchester Arena attacker named by police as Salman Ramadan Abedi"The Guardian។ 23 May 2017https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/may/23/manchester-arena-attacker-named-salman-abedi-suicide-attack-ariana-grande។ បានយកមក 23 May 2017 
  41. Ian Cobain; Frances Perraudin; Steven Morris; Nazia Parveen។ "Salman Ramadan Abedi named by police as Manchester Arena attacker"The Guardianhttps://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/may/23/manchester-arena-attacker-named-salman-abedi-suicide-attack-ariana-grande។ បានយកមក 27 May 2017។ "Salman and his brother Ismail worshipped at Didsbury mosque, where their father, who is known as Abu Ismail within the community, is a well-known figure. “He used to do the five and call the adhan. He has an absolutely beautiful voice. And his boys learned the Qur’an by heart." 
  42. Cobain, Ian; Perraudin, Frances; Morris, Steven; Parveen, Nazia (23 May 2017)។ "Salman Ramadan Abedi named by police as Manchester Arena attacker"The Guardianhttps://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/may/23/manchester-arena-attacker-named-salman-abedi-suicide-attack-ariana-grande។ បានយកមក 24 May 2017 
  43. Robert Mendick; Martin Evans; Victoria Ward។ "Exclusive: Manchester suicide bomber used student loan and benefits to fund terror plot"The Telegraphhttp://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/05/26/exclusive-manchester-suicide-bomber-used-student-loan-benefits/។ បានយកមក 27 May 2017។ "The Manchester suicide bomber used taxpayer-funded student loans and benefits to bankroll the terror plot, police believe. Salman Abedi is understood to have received thousands of pounds in state funding in the run up to Monday’s atrocity even while he was overseas receiving bomb-making training." 
  44. Ian Cobain; Ewen MacAskill។ "Police focus on Libya amid reports of arrest of Salman Abedi's brother"The Guardianhttps://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/may/24/manchester-attack-police-focus-on-libya-as-salman-abedi-brother-arrested។ បានយកមក 27 May 2017។ "Abedi studied business and management at Salford University two or three years ago, but dropped out of the course and did not complete his degree. The Guardian understands he was receiving student loan payments as recently as last month." 
  45. {{{autho |Surname2 = {{{last2|{{{surna{{{autho |Surname3 = {{{l{ទំព័រគំរូ:Au ព្រោះតែកន្លែងនិងញុមធ្លាប់ទៅហើយក៏បានធ្លាប់ហូបដែល
  46. ៤៦,០ ៤៦,១ "Manchester attack: Police hunt 'network' behind bomber"។ 24 May 2017http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-40032504។ បានយកមក 24 May 2017 
  47. Stephen, Chris (24 May 2017)។ "Libyans in UK 'warned about Manchester radicalisation for years'"The Guardianhttps://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/may/24/libyans-in-uk-warned-about-manchester-radicalisation-for-years។ បានយកមក 25 May 2017 
  48. Mendick, Robert; Rayner, Gordon; Evans, Martin; Dixon, Hayley (25 May 2017)។ "Security services missed five opportunities to stop the Manchester bomber"The Telegraphhttp://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/05/24/security-services-missed-five-opportunities-stop-manchester/ 
  49. Sharman, Jon (25 May 2017)។ "Manchester attack: Members of the public 'reported Salman Abedi to anti-terror hotline'"The Independenthttp://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/manchester-attack-latest-public-reported-salman-abedi-terrorism-hotline-a7754621.html។ បានយកមក 26 May 2017 
  50. Fox, Aine; Abbit, Beth (25 May 2017)។ "Manchester bomber Salman Abedi was banned from a mosque and reported to authorities for his extremist views"Manchester Evening Newshttp://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/news/greater-manchester-news/manchester-bomber-salman-abedi-banned-13092209។ បានយកមក 26 May 2017 
  51. Perraudin, Frances (30 May 2017)។ "Salman Abedi was unknown to Prevent workers, says police chief"The Guardianhttps://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/may/30/salman-abedi-unknown-prevent-workers-manchester-police។ បានយកមក 31 May 2017 
  52. "MI5 launches internal inquiry over Manchester bomber warnings"។ CNN។ 29 May 2017http://edition.cnn.com/2017/05/29/europe/mi5-internal-inquiry-abedi/។ បានយកមក 29 May 2017 
  53. "Manchester attacks: MI5 probes bomber 'warnings'"BBC News (BBC)។ 29 May 2017http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-40080646។ បានយកមក 29 May 2017 
  54. Dodd, Vikram (29 May 2017)។ "MI5 opens inquiries into missed warnings over Manchester terror threat"The Guardianhttps://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/may/28/mi5-launches-inquiries-into-failings-on-manchester-arena-bomber-salman-abedi-moss-side-raids-amber-rudd។ បានយកមក 31 May 2017 
  55. Simpson, Fiona (23 May 2017)។ "Manchester attack: Bombing suspect named as Salman Abedi, police confirm"Evening Standard (London)http://www.standard.co.uk/news/uk/manchester-attack-bombing-suspect-named-as-salman-abedi-us-officials-say-a3546576.html។ បានយកមក 23 May 2017 
  56. ៥៦,០ ៥៦,១ Jones, Sam; Haddou, Leila; Bounds, Andrew (23 May 2017)។ "Manchester suicide bomber named as 22-year-old from city"Financial Timeshttps://www.ft.com/content/59ee15dc-3fc5-11e7-82b6-896b95f30f58។ បានយកមក 23 May 2017 
  57. Pidd, Helen (31 May 2017)។ "Police believe Manchester bomber Salman Abedi largely acted alone" (ជាen-GB)។ The Guardianល.ត.ម.អ. 0261-3077https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/may/31/police-believe-manchester-bomber-salman-abedi-acted-largely-alone 
  58. {{{autho |Surname2 = {{{last2|{{{surna{{{autho |Surname3 = {{{l{ទំព័រគំរូ:Au ព្រោះតែកន្លែងនិងញុមធ្លាប់ទៅហើយក៏បានធ្លាប់ហូបដែល
  59. Saeed, Saim (24 May 2017)។ "French interior minister: Salman Abedi had ‘proven’ links with Islamic State"politico.euhttp://www.politico.eu/article/french-interior-minister-salman-abedi-had-proven-links-with-islamic-state/ 
  60. "Manchester bomber's father says he did not expect attack"Reuters។ 25 May 2017https://www.reuters.com/article/us-britain-security-manchester-libya-idUSKBN18K28M?il=0 
  61. Witte, Griff; Adam, Karla; Raghavan, Sudarsan (24 May 2017)។ "Manchester bombing probe expands with arrests on two continents"Washington Posthttps://www.washingtonpost.com/world/british-prime-minister-raises-nations-threat-level-saying-another-attackmay-be-imminent/2017/05/24/dd5367e8-3fec-11e7-b29f-f40ffced2ddb_story.html។ បានយកមក 24 May 2017 
  62. Smith-Spark, Laura; Gorani, Hala។ "Manchester bomber spoke to brother before attack"http://www.cnn.com/2017/05/26/europe/manchester-terror-attack-uk/index.html 
  63. Chivers, C.L. (24 May 2017)។ "Found at the Scene in Manchester: Shrapnel, a Backpack and a Battery"The New York Timeshttps://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/05/24/world/europe/manchester-arena-bomb-materials-photos.html។ បានយកមក 24 May 2017 
  64. "Manchester attack latest: U.S. lawmaker says U.K. bomb showed 'sophistication'" (ជាen-CA)។ CTVNews។ 24 May 2017http://www.ctvnews.ca/world/manchester-attack-latest-u-s-lawmaker-says-u-k-bomb-showed-sophistication-1.3426624 
  65. "The hunt is on for the Manchester bomber’s accomplices"The Economist។ 26 May 2017http://www.economist.com/news/britain/21722697-it-seems-salman-abedi-did-not-act-aloneand-his-fellow-plotters-could-strike-again-hunt។ បានយកមក 26 May 2017 
  66. {{{autho |Surname2 = {{{last2|{{{surna{{{autho |Surname3 = {{{l{ទំព័រគំរូ:Au ព្រោះតែកន្លែងនិងញុមធ្លាប់ទៅហើយក៏បានធ្លាប់ហូបដែល
  67. "Manchester attack: CCTV shows bomber before arena blast"BBC News (BBC)។ 28 May 2017http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-40072786។ បានយកមក 29 May 2017 
  68. {{{autho |Surname2 = {{{last2|{{{surna{{{autho |Surname3 = {{{l{ទំព័រគំរូ:Au ព្រោះតែកន្លែងនិងញុមធ្លាប់ទៅហើយក៏បានធ្លាប់ហូបដែល
  69. "British police release new photos of arena bombing suspect" (ជាen)។ NBC Newshttp://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/manchester-concert-explosion/manchester-bombing-british-police-release-new-photos-suspect-salman-abedi-n765476 
  70. Townshend, Mark (2017-06-03)។ "Police arrest 17th person in Manchester bomb investigation" (ជាen-GB)។ The Guardianល.ត.ម.អ. 0261-3077https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/jun/03/manchester-bomb-attack-police-arrest-17th-man 
  71. "Manchester attack: US leaks about bomber irritating – Rudd"BBC News។ 24 May 2017http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/election-2017-40026413។ បានយកមក 24 May 2017 
  72. MacAskill, Ewen; Borger, Julian (24 May 2017)។ "US officials leak more Manchester details hours after UK rebuke"The Guardian (London & Washington)https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/may/24/us-officials-leak-more-manchester-details-hours-after-uk-rebuke។ បានយកមក 24 May 2017 
  73. "Manchester attack: 'Fury' at US 'evidence' photos leak"។ BBC។ 24 May 2017http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-40038630។ បានយកមក 24 May 2017 
  74. "Manchester attack: Police 'not sharing information with US'" (ជាen-GB)។ BBC News។ 25 May 2017http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-40040210 
  75. "Manchester attack: Trump condemns media leaks" (ជាen-GB)។ BBC News។ 25 May 2017http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-40048565 
  76. MacAskill, Ewen; Borger, Julian (25 May 2017)។ "White House rift with security agencies 'aided Manchester bomb leaks'"The Guardian (London & Washington)https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/may/25/white-house-rift-with-security-agencies-aided-manchester-bomb-leaks។ បានយកមក 25 May 2017 
  77. "Manchester attack: Editor defends publishing leaked photos" (ជាen-GB)។ BBC News។ 27 May 2017http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/uk-40067421/manchester-attack-editor-defends-publishing-leaked-photos 
  78. "U.S. takes 'full responsibility' for Manchester intelligence leaks - Tillerson"Reuters។ May 26, 2017http://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-britain-security-manchester-tillerson-idUKKBN18M1E4។ បានយកមក 30 May 2017 
  79. Walker, Peter; Elgot, Jessica (23 May 2017)។ "Theresa May leads condemnation of 'cowardly' Manchester attack" (ជាen-GB)។ The Guardianល.ត.ម.អ. 0261-3077https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/may/23/theresa-may-leads-condemnation-of-cowardly-manchester-attack 
  80. Jenny.minard (23 May 2017)។ "A message from Her Majesty The Queen to the Lord-Lieutenant of Greater Manchester"The Royal Familyhttps://www.royal.uk/message-her-majesty-queen-lord-lieutenant-greater-manchester។ បានយកមក 23 May 2017 
  81. "Campaigning suspended as world leaders pay respects"។ 23 May 2017http://www.itv.com/news/update/2017-05-23/campaigning-suspended-as-world-leaders-pay-respects/។ បានយកមក 23 May 2017។ "Leaders of political parties did not hesitate to suspend General Election campaigning in the wake of the terror attack in Manchester. ... Campaigning for the 8 June vote will remain suspended for a second day on Wednesday." 
  82. "General election campaigning suspended after Manchester attack"The Guardian (London)។ 22 May 2017https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2017/may/23/general-election-campaigning-suspended-after-manchester-attack។ បានយកមក 23 May 2017 
  83. "Andy Burnham says spirit of Manchester will prevail after 'evil act'"London Evening Standard។ 23 May 2017http://www.standard.co.uk/news/uk/manchester-attack-mayor-andy-burnham-says-spirit-of-manchester-will-prevail-after-evil-act-a3545916.html 
  84. "Manchester Arena explosion: Latest updates"BBC News។ 23 May 2017http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/live/uk-england-manchester-40007967។ បានយកមក 23 May 2017 
  85. {{{autho |Surname2 = {{{last2|{{{surna{{{autho |Surname3 = {{{l{ទំព័រគំរូ:Au ព្រោះតែកន្លែងនិងញុមធ្លាប់ទៅហើយក៏បានធ្លាប់ហូបដែល
  86. "Manchester Arena bombing: Everything we know about the suicide attack that killed at least 22 people"។ The Independent។ 23 May 2017http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/manchester-arena-bombing-everything-we-know-suicide-attack-killed-injured-ariana-grande-concert-isis-a7751031.html។ បានយកមក 23 May 2017 
  87. "Manchester attack: National minute's silence held"BBC News (BBC)។ 25 May 2017http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-manchester-40041473។ បានយកមក 26 May 2017 
  88. Palazzo, Chiara។ "'An attack on innocents': World reacts with shock and horror to Manchester explosion"The Daily Telegraphhttp://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/05/23/manchester-arena-shock-disbelief-police-confirm-19-killed-terrorist/។ បានយកមក 23 May 2017 
  89. "UN chief strongly condemns terrorist attack on Manchester concert"។ 23 May 2017https://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=56819#.WSRYMmjyiUk។ បានយកមក 23 May 2017 
  90. "Statement by Commonwealth Secretary-General Patricia Scotland on terror attack in Manchester"។ 23 May 2017http://thecommonwealth.org/media/news/statement-commonwealth-secretary-general-patricia-scotland-terror-attack-manchester។ បានយកមក 23 May 2017 
  91. "Statement by European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker following the attack in Manchester"។ 23 May 2017http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_STATEMENT-17-1434_en.htm។ បានយកមក 23 May 2017 
  92. "Pope Francis offers condolences to Manchester attack victims"Catholic Herald។ 23 May 2017http://www.catholicherald.co.uk/news/2017/05/23/pope-francis-offers-condolences-for-manchester-attack-victims/។ បានយកមក 23 May 2017 
  93. "OIC Secretary General Condemns the Deadly Attack in Manchester, the United Kingdom"។ 23 May 2017http://www.oic-oci.org/topic/?t_id=13607&t_ref=5926&lan=en។ បានយកមក 23 May 2017 
  94. ទំព័រគំរូ:Cite tweet
  95. "Ariana Grande Suspends Tour After Manchester Attack" (ជាen)។ Rolling Stonehttp://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/ariana-grande-suspends-tour-after-manchester-attack-w483880។ បានយកមក 23 May 2017 
  96. "Ariana Grande Returns Home to Florida After Manchester Concert Attack" (ជាen)។ US Weeklyhttp://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-news/news/ariana-grande-returns-home-to-florida-after-manchester-attack-w483730។ បានយកមក 23 May 2017 
  97. ទំព័រគំរូ:Cite tweet
  98. "Manchester attack: Ariana Grande to play benefit concert on Sunday"BBC News។ 30 May 2017http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-40086336 

External links[កែប្រែ]

ទំព័រគំរូ:Islamic terrorism in Europe ទំព័រគំរូ:Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant