ការធ្វើប្រជាមតិឯករាជ្យកាតាឡានឆ្នាំ ២០១៧

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ការធ្វើប្រជាមតិឯករាជ្យកាតាឡានឆ្នាំ ២០១៧
តើអ្នកចង់ឲ្យកាតាឡូនីក្លាយជារដ្ឋឯករាជ្យមួយនៅក្នុងសំណុំបែបបទនៃសាធារណរដ្ឋមួយឬទេ?
Location ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស Catalonia
Date 1 តុលា 2017 (2017-10-01)
Results
Votes %
បាទ/ចាស ២០៤៤០៣៨ 7001920100000000000៩២,០១%
ទេ ១៧៧៥៤៧ 7000799000000000000៧,៩៩%
Valid votes ២២២១៥៨៥ 7001971700000000000៩៧,១៧%
Invalid or blank votes ៦៤៦៣២ 7000283000000000000២,៨៣%
Total votes ២២៨៦២១៧ 100.00%
Registered voters/turnout ៥៣១៣៥៦៤ 7001430300000000000៤៣,០៣%
Provisional results.
Source: Government of Catalonia[១]

ការធ្វើប្រជាមតិឯករាជ្យកាតាឡានឆ្នាំ ២០១៧ គឺជាការធ្វើប្រជាមតិឯករាជ្យមួយនៅថ្ងៃទី ១ តុលា ឆ្នាំ ២០១៧ នៅសហគមន៍ស្វយ័តអេស្ប៉ាញនៃកាតាឡូនី, passed by the Parliament of Catalonia and called by the Generalitat de Catalunya,[២][៣][៤] was declared illegal[៥][៦][៧] on 7 September 2017 and suspended by the Constitutional Court of Spain after a request from the Spanish government, who declared it a breach of the Spanish Constitution of 1978.[៨][៩][១០] Additionally, in early September the High Court of Justice of Catalonia had issued orders to the police to try to prevent it, including the detention of various persons responsible for its preparation.[១១][១២][១៣] Due to the many irregularities in the administration of the vote,[១៤] as well as to the use of force by the National Police and Civil Guard, international observers invited by the Generalitat declared that the referendum failed to meet the minimum international standards for elections.[១៥][១៤][១៦]

The referendum was approved by the Catalan parliament in a session on 6 September 2017 along with a law which states that independence would be binding with a simple majority, without requiring a minimum turnout.[១៧][១៨] After being suspended, the law was finally declared void on 17 October[១៩] and is also illegal according to the Catalan Statutes of Autonomy which require a two third majority in the Catalan parliament for any change to Catalonia's status.[២០][២១][២២]

The referendum question, which voters answered with "Yes" or "No", was "Do you want Catalonia to become an independent state in the form of a republic?". The "Yes" side won, with 2,044,038 (92.01%) voting for independence and 177,547 (7.99%) voting against, on a turnout of 43.03%. The Catalan government estimated that up to 770,000 votes were not cast due to polling stations being closed off during the police crackdown,[១][២៣][២៤][២៥] although the "universal census" system introduced earlier in the day allowed electors to vote in any given polling station.[២៦] Catalan government officials have argued that the turnout would have been higher were it not for Spanish police suppression of the vote,[២៧][២៨] On the other hand, many voters who did not support Catalan independence did not turn out.[២៩]

On the day of the referendum, the inaction of the autonomous police force of Catalonia, the Mossos d'Esquadra, allowed polling stations to open. The National Police Corps and the Guardia Civil intervened and raided polling stations after they opened.[៣០][៣១] 893 civilians and 431 agents of the Nacional Police and the Guardia Civil were reported to have been injured initially.[៣២][៣១][៣៣] According to various sources these previously reported figures may have been exaggerated.[៣៤] According to the judge from Barcelona that is currently investigating the accusations of police violence there were 218 persons injured on that day, 20 of which were agents.[៣៥][៣៦] The final oficial numbers by the catalan government show that 1066 civilians and 11 agents of the Nacional Police and the Guardia Civil, and 1 from the regional police the Mossos d'Esquadra were injured. [៣៧]

The Mossos d'Esquadra are being investigated for disobedience, for not having complied with the orders of the High Court of Justice of Catalonia to prevent the referendum.[៣៨] Josep Lluís Trapero Álvarez, the Mossos d'Esquadra Major, is being investigated for sedition by the Spanish National Court.[៣៩] The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Zeid Ra'ad Al, urged the Spanish government to probe all acts of violence that took place to prevent the referendum.[៤០][៤១]

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