បាល់ទាត់ពិភពលោក ២០១៤

ដោយវិគីភីឌា

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2014 FIFA World Cup
Copa do Mundo da FIFA
Brasil 2014[nb ១]
2014 FIFA World Cup logo
Tournament details
Host country Brazil
Dates 12 June – 13 July
Teams 32 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s) 12 (in 12 host cities)
2010
2018

The 2014 FIFA World Cup will be the 20th FIFA World Cup, an international men's football tournament that is scheduled to take place in Brazil from 12 June to 13 July 2014.[១] It will be the second time that Brazil has hosted the competition, the previous being in 1950. Brazil was elected unchallenged as host nation in 2007 after the international football federation, FIFA, decreed that the tournament would be staged in South America for the first time since 1978 in Argentina, and the fifth time overall.

The national teams of 31 countries advanced through qualification competitions that began in June 2011 to participate with the host nation Brazil in the final tournament. A total of 64 matches are to be played in twelve cities across Brazil in either new or redeveloped stadiums, with the tournament beginning with a group stage. For the first time at a World Cup Finals, the matches will use goal-line technology.[២]

With the host country, all world champion teams since the first World Cup in 1930 (Argentina, England, France, Germany[nb ២], Italy, Spain and Uruguay) have qualified for this competition. Spain is the defending champion, having defeated the Netherlands 1–0 in the 2010 World Cup final to win its first World title. The previous four World Cups staged in South America were all won by South American teams.[៣]

ការជ្រើសរើសម្ចាស់ផ្ទះ[កែប្រែ]

In March 2003, FIFA announced that the tournament would be held in South America for the first time since 1978, in line with its then-active policy of rotating the right to host the World Cup among different confederations.[៤][៥] The decision meant that it would be the first time that two consecutive World Cups will be staged outside Europe. Only Brazil and Colombia formally declared their candidacy but, after the withdrawal of the latter from the process,[៦] Brazil was officially elected as host nation unopposed on 30 October 2007.[៧]

Participating teams and officials[កែប្រែ]

Qualification[កែប្រែ]

The following 32 teams, shown with October 2013 rankings used for seeding in the draw,[៨] qualified for the final tournament.

AFC (4)
CAF (5)
  1. បញ្ជូនបន្ត ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស Algeria (32)
OFC (0)
  • None qualified
CONCACAF (4)
CONMEBOL (6)
UEFA (13)
  Qualified
  Failed to qualify
  Did not enter
  Not a FIFA member

ប្រាក់រង្វាន់[កែប្រែ]

The total prize money on offer for the tournament was confirmed by FIFA as US$576 million (including payments of US$70 million to domestic clubs), a 37 percent increase from the amount allocated in the 2010 tournament.[៩] Before the tournament, each of the 32 entrants will receive US$1.5 million for preparation costs. Once at the tournament, the prize money will be distributed as follows:

ទីតាំងប្រកួត[កែប្រែ]

Twelve venues (seven new and five renovated) in twelve cities were selected for the tournament. The venues cover all the main regions of Brazil and create more evenly distributed hosting than the 1950 finals in Brazil.[១០] Consequently, the tournament will require long-distance travel for teams.[១១] During the World Cup, Brazilian cities will also be home to the participating teams at 32 separate base camps,[១២] as well as staging official fan fests where supporters can view the games.[១៣]

Rio de Janeiro, RJ Brasília, DF São Paulo, SP Fortaleza, CE
Estádio do Maracanã Estádio Nacional Arena de São Paulo Estádio Castelão

22°54′43.8″S 43°13′48.59″W / 22.912167°S 43.2301639°W / -22.912167; -43.2301639 (Estádio do Maracanã)

15°47′0.6″S 47°53′56.99″W / 15.783500°S 47.8991639°W / -15.783500; -47.8991639 (Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha)

23°32′43.91″S 46°28′24.14″W / 23.5455306°S 46.4733722°W / -23.5455306; -46.4733722 (Arena Corinthians)

3°48′26.16″S 38°31′20.93″W / 3.8072667°S 38.5224806°W / -3.8072667; -38.5224806 (Estádio Castelão)

Maracana Stadium June 2013.jpg Brasilia Stadium - June 2013.jpg Arena Corinthians West Building.jpg Fortaleza Arena on March 2014..jpg
Belo Horizonte, MG Porto Alegre, RS
Estádio Mineirão Estádio Beira-Rio

19°51′57″S 43°58′15″W / 19.86583°S 43.97083°W / -19.86583; -43.97083 (Estádio Mineirão)

30°3′56.21″S 51°14′9.91″W / 30.0656139°S 51.2360861°W / -30.0656139; -51.2360861 (Estádio Beira-Rio)

Portoalegre aerea arenabeirario.jpg
Salvador, BA Recife, PE
Arena Fonte Nova Arena Pernambuco

12°58′43″S 38°30′15″W / 12.97861°S 38.50417°W / -12.97861; -38.50417 (Arena Fonte Nova)

8°2′24″S 35°0′29″W / 8.04000°S 35.00806°W / -8.04000; -35.00806 (Arena Pernambuco)

Itaipava Arena - March 2013.jpg Itaipava Arena Pernambuco - Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil.jpg
Cuiabá, MT Manaus, AM Natal, RN Curitiba, PR
Arena Pantanal Arena da Amazônia Arena das Dunas Arena da Baixada

15°36′11″S 56°7′14″W / 15.60306°S 56.12056°W / -15.60306; -56.12056 (Arena Pantanal)

3°4′59″S 60°1′41″W / 3.08306°S 60.02806°W / -3.08306; -60.02806 (Arena Amazônia)

5°49′44.18″S 35°12′49.91″W / 5.8289389°S 35.2138639°W / -5.8289389; -35.2138639 (Arena das Dunas)

25°26′54″S 49°16′37″W / 25.44833°S 49.27694°W / -25.44833; -49.27694 (Arena da Baixada)

Cuiaba Arena.jpg Amazonia Arena.jpg Natal, Brazil - Arena das Dunas.jpg Arenadabaixada2.jpg

ជំរុំមូលដ្ឋាននៃក្រុមនីមួយៗ[កែប្រែ]

The base camps will be used by 32 national squads to stay and train before and during the World Cup tournament. On 31 January 2014, FIFA announced the base camps for each participating team,[១២] having earlier circulated a brochure of 84 prospective locations.[១៤] Only five teams have opted to stay in the northern region of Brazil.[១៥]

ក្រុមជម្រើសជាតិ ក្រុង រដ្ឋ ក្រុមជម្រើសជាតិ ក្រុង រដ្ឋ
  1. បញ្ជូនបន្ត ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស Algeria
Sorocaba São Paulo  ក្រិច Aracaju Sergipe
 អាហ្សង់ទីន Vespasiano Minas Gerais ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស HON Porto Feliz São Paulo
 អូស្ត្រាលី Vitória Espírito Santo  អ៊ីរ៉ង់ Guarulhos São Paulo
 បែលហ៊្សិក Mogi das Cruzes São Paulo  អ៊ីតាលី Mangaratiba Rio de Janeiro
 បុស្សនា និង ហៀរហ្សេហ្កូវីនា Guarujá São Paulo ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស CIV Águas de Lindoia São Paulo
 ប្រេស៊ីល Teresópolis Rio de Janeiro  ជប៉ុន Itu São Paulo
 កាមេរូន Vitória Espírito Santo  Mexico Santos São Paulo
 ឈីលី Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais  ហូឡង់ Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro
ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស COL Cotia São Paulo  នីហ្សេរីយ៉ា Campinas São Paulo
ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស CRC Santos São Paulo  ព័រទុយហ្គាល់ Campinas São Paulo
 ក្រូអាត Mata de São João Bahia  រុស្សី Itu São Paulo
ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស ECU Viamão Rio Grande do Sul  កូរ៉េខាងត្បូង Foz do Iguaçu Paraná
 អង់គ្លេស Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro  អេស្ប៉ាញ Curitiba Paraná
 បារាំង Ribeirão Preto São Paulo  Switzerland Porto Seguro Bahia
 អាល្លឺម៉ង់ Santa Cruz Cabrália Bahia  សហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក São Paulo São Paulo
ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស GHA Maceió Alagoas  Uruguay Sete Lagoas Minas Gerais

FIFA Fan Fests[កែប្រែ]

For a third consecutive World Cup tournament, FIFA announced that they would be holding FIFA Fan Fests in each of the twelve host cities. Prominent examples are the Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro, which already held a Fan Fest in 2010, São Paulo's Vale do Anhangabaú and Brasília's Esplanada dos Ministérios, with the Congress in the background.[១៦][១៧] The official "kick-off event" for the 2014 Fan Fest took place on Iracema Beach, in Fortaleza, on Sunday, June 8, 2014, according to information on FIFA's official website.[១៨]

Innovations and utilities[កែប្រែ]

The official ball of the 2014 World Cup will be the Adidas Brazuca.[១៩] The name was selected by a public vote that received responses from more than 1 million Brazilian football fans; "Brazuca" received over 70 per cent of the vote.[២០] It is produced by Adidas, the official FIFA World Cup match ball supplier since 1970.[២០]

For the first time at a World Cup Finals, the officials will be assisted by goal-line technology. The previous World Cup was a catalyst for the decision to adopt technology after England were wrongly denied a goal in their Round of 16 tie against Germany.[២១] Following the mistake in this game, FIFA President Sepp Blatter said "it would be a nonsense not to reopen the file on goal-line technology"[២២] and in 2012 the IFAB approved its usage.[២៣] This is the fourth FIFA competition to use the technology after successful trials at 2012 Club World Cup, 2013 Club World Cup and 2013 Confederations Cup. The German company GoalControl was selected as the tournament's official goal-line technology provider in October 2013.[២៤]

Following successful trials, FIFA approved the use of vanishing spray by the referees for the first time at a World Cup Finals.[nb ៣] The water-based spray, which disappears within minutes of application, may be used to mark a ten-yard line for the defending team during a free kick and also drawn where the ball is to be placed for a free-kick.[២៥]

Format[កែប្រែ]

Countries participating in the 2014 FIFA World Cup

The first round, or group stage, is a round-robin competition between thirty-two teams divided into eight groups. The two best teams of each group will progress to the knock-out stage.[២៦]

The ranking of teams in each group will be based on:

  1. Points in all group matches
  2. Goal difference in all group matches
  3. Goals scored in all group matches
  4. Points in matches between tied teams
  5. Goal difference in matches between tied teams
  6. Goals scored in matches between tied teams
  7. Drawing of lots

In the knockout stage there will be four rounds each eliminating the losers. The four rounds are the round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals, and the final (plus a play-off for third place). A draw in the knockout stages will be followed by two 15 minute periods of extra time to determine a winner. If the teams are still tied, a penalty shootout will be held.[២៦]

វគ្គជម្រុះក្នុងពូល[កែប្រែ]

All times listed below are in Brasília official time (UTC−3).[nb ៤]

Key to colours in group tables
Teams that advanced to the round of 16

ពូល A[កែប្រែ]

Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
 ប្រេស៊ីល 2 1 1 0 3 1 +2 4
 Mexico 2 1 1 0 1 0 +1 4
 ក្រូអាត 2 1 0 1 5 3 +2 3
 កាមេរូន 2 0 0 2 0 5 −5 0
១២ មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៧:00
ប្រេស៊ីល  3–1  ក្រូអាត
Neymar Goal 29'71' (pen.)
Oscar Goal 90+1'
Report Marcelo Goal 11' (ច.ឯ.)

១៣ មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៣:00
Mexico  1–0  កាមេរូន
Peralta Goal 61' Report
Arena das Dunas, Natal
Attendance: 39,216
Referee: Wilmar Roldán (Colombia)

១៧ មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៦:00
ប្រេស៊ីល  0–0  Mexico
Report
Estádio Castelão, Fortaleza
Attendance: 60,342
Referee: Cüneyt Çakır (Turkey)

១៨ មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៩:00
កាមេរូន  0–4  ក្រូអាត
Report Olić Goal 11'
Perišić Goal 48'
Mandžukić Goal 61'73'
Arena da Amazônia, Manaus
Attendance: 39,982
Referee: Pedro Proença (Portugal)


២៣ មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៧:00
ក្រូអាត  Match 34  Mexico
Report

ពូល B[កែប្រែ]

Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
 ហូឡង់ 2 2 0 0 8 3 +5 6
 ឈីលី 2 2 0 0 5 1 +4 6
 អូស្ត្រាលី 2 0 0 2 3 6 −3 0
 អេស្ប៉ាញ 2 0 0 2 1 7 −6 0
13 មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៦:00
អេស្ប៉ាញ  Match 3  ហូឡង់
Report

13 មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៩:00
ឈីលី  Match 4  អូស្ត្រាលី
Report


18 មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៦:00
អេស្ប៉ាញ  Match 19  ឈីលី
Report


23 មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៣:00
ហូឡង់  Match 36  ឈីលី
Report

ពូល C[កែប្រែ]

Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស COL 2 2 0 0 5 1 +4 6
ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស CIV 2 1 0 1 3 3 0 3
 ជប៉ុន 2 0 1 1 1 2 −1 1
 ក្រិច 2 0 1 1 0 3 −3 1



19 មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៩:00
ជប៉ុន  Match 22  ក្រិច
Report


ពូល D[កែប្រែ]

Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស CRC 2 2 0 0 4 1 +3 6
 អ៊ីតាលី 2 1 0 1 2 2 0 3
 Uruguay 2 1 0 1 3 4 −1 3
 អង់គ្លេស 2 0 0 2 2 4 −2 0

១៤ មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៩:00
អង់គ្លេស  Match 8  អ៊ីតាលី
Report

19 មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៦:00
Uruguay  Match 23  អង់គ្លេស
Report


២៤ មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៣:00
អ៊ីតាលី  Match 39  Uruguay
Report

ពូល E[កែប្រែ]

Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
 បារាំង 2 2 0 0 8 2 +6 6
ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស ECU 2 1 0 1 3 3 0 3
 Switzerland 2 1 0 1 4 6 −2 3
ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស HON 2 0 0 2 1 5 −4 0


២០ មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៦:00
Switzerland  Match 25  បារាំង
Report



ពូល F[កែប្រែ]

Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
 អាហ្សង់ទីន 2 2 0 0 3 1 +2 6
 នីហ្សេរីយ៉ា 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
 អ៊ីរ៉ង់ 2 0 1 1 0 1 −1 1
 បុស្សនា និង ហៀរហ្សេហ្កូវីនា 1 0 0 1 1 2 −1 0





ពូល G[កែប្រែ]

Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
 អាល្លឺម៉ង់ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 ព័រទុយហ្គាល់ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស GHA 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 សហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0







ពូល H[កែប្រែ]

Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
 បែលហ៊្សិក 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  1. បញ្ជូនបន្ត ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស Algeria
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 រុស្សី 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 កូរ៉េខាងត្បូង 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0







២៦ មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៧:00
#បញ្ជូនបន្ត ទំព័រគំរូ:ទិន្នន័យប្រទេស Algeria Match 48  រុស្សី
Report

វគ្គជម្រុះឆ្លងពូល[កែប្រែ]


Round of 16
ជម្រុះ១ភាគ៤ ពាក់កណ្ដាលផ្ដាច់ព្រ័ត ផ្ដាច់ព្រ័ត
                           
28 June – Belo Horizonte            
 Winner Group A  
4 July – Fortaleza
 Runner-up Group B    
 Winner Match 49  
28 June – Rio de Janeiro
   Winner Match 50    
 Winner Group C  
8 July – Belo Horizonte
 Runner-up Group D    
 Winner Match 57  
30 June – Brasília
   Winner Match 58    
 Winner Group E  
4 July – Rio de Janeiro
 Runner-up Group F    
 Winner Match 53  
30 June – Porto Alegre
   Winner Match 54    
 Winner Group G  
13 July – Rio de Janeiro
 Runner-up Group H    
 Winner Match 61  
29 June – Fortaleza
   Winner Match 62  
 Winner Group B  
5 July – Salvador
 Runner-up Group A    
 Winner Match 51  
29 June – Recife
   Winner Match 52    
 Winner Group D  
9 July – São Paulo
 Runner-up Group C    
 Winner Match 59  
1 July – São Paulo
   Winner Match 60     Third place
 Winner Group F  
5 July – Brasília 12 July – Brasília
 Runner-up Group E    
 Winner Match 55    Loser Match 61  
1 July – Salvador
   Winner Match 56      Loser Match 62  
 Winner Group H  
 Runner-up Group G    


វគ្គជម្រុះ ១៦ក្រុមចុងក្រោយ[កែប្រែ]

២៨ មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៣:00
Winner Group A Match 49 Runner-up Group B

២៨ មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៧:00
Winner Group C Match 50 Runner-up Group D

២៩ មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៣:00
Winner Group B Match 51 Runner-up Group A

២៩ មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៧:00
Winner Group D Match 52 Runner-up Group C

៣០ មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៣:00
Winner Group E Match 53 Runner-up Group F

៣០ មិថុនា ២០១៤
១៧:00
Winner Group G Match 54 Runner-up Group H

១ កក្កដា ២០១៤
១៣:00
Winner Group F Match 55 Runner-up Group E

១ កក្កដា ២០១៤
១៧:00
Winner Group H Match 56 Runner-up Group G

វគ្គជម្រុះ ១ភាគ៤[កែប្រែ]

4 July 2014
13:00
Winner Match 53 Match 58 Winner Match 54

4 July 2014
17:00
Winner Match 49 Match 57 Winner Match 50

5 July 2014
13:00
Winner Match 55 Match 60 Winner Match 56

5 July 2014
17:00
Winner Match 51 Match 59 Winner Match 52

វគ្គពាក់កណ្ដាលផ្ដាច់ព្រ័ត[កែប្រែ]

8 July 2014
17:00
Winner Match 57 Match 61 Winner Match 58

9 July 2014
17:00
Winner Match 59 Match 62 Winner Match 60

ការប្រកួតយកលេខ៣[កែប្រែ]

12 July 2014
17:00
Loser Match 61 Match 63 Loser Match 62

ការប្រកួតផ្ដាច់ព្រ័ត[កែប្រែ]

13 July 2014
16:00
Winner Match 61 Match 64 Winner Match 62

ស្ថិតិ[កែប្រែ]


Preparations and costs[កែប្រែ]

Forecasts on the eve of the tournament estimate the cost to the Brazilian government will be $14 billion, making it the most expensive World Cup to date.[៣៣] FIFA is expected to spend $2 billion on staging the finals,[៣៤] with its greatest single expense being the $576 million prize money pot.[៩]

Although organisers originally estimated costs of US$1.1 billion,[៣៥] a reported US$3.6 billion has ultimately been spent on stadium works.[៣៦][៣៧] Five of the chosen host cities have brand new venues built specifically for the World Cup, while the Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha in the capital Brasilia was demolished and rebuilt, with the remaining six being extensively renovated.[៣៨]

An additional R$3 billion (US$1.3 billion, €0.96 billion, £0.78 billion at June 2014 rates) has been earmarked by the Brazilian government for investment in infrastructure works and projects for use during the 2014 World Cup and beyond.[៣៩] However, the failed completion of many of the proposed works has provoked discontent among some Brazilians.[៤០][៤១][៤២]

The Brazilian government has pledged $900 million will be invested into security forces and that the tournament will be "one of the most protected sports events in history".[៤៣]

ការធ្វើទិផ្សារ marketing[កែប្រែ]

The marketing of the 2014 FIFA World Cup includes sale of tickets, support from sponsors and promotion through events that utilize the symbols and songs of the tournament. The mascot of the tournament is an armadillo named Fuleco.[៤៤] It is at the same time the most popular merchandise thogether with the caxirola a percussion instrument produced for the spectators.[៤៥] The official song for the tournament will be "We Are One (Ole Ola)" by Pitbull, Jennifer Lopez and Claudia Leitte.[៤៦] An official video game was developed by EA Sports and released in April 2014.[៤៧]

ប្រព័ន្ធផ្សព្វផ្សាយ[កែប្រែ]

For a fourth consecutive FIFA World Cup Finals, the coverage will be provided by HBS (Host Broadcast Services), a subsidiary of Infront Sports & Media.[៤៨] Sony has been selected as the official equipment provider and has built twelve bespoke high definition production 40-foot-long containers, one for each tournament venue, to house the extensive amount of equipment required.[៤៩][៥០] Each match will utilise 37 standard camera plans, including Aerial and Cablecam, two Ultramotion cameras and dedicated cameras for interviews.[៥០] The official tournament film, as well as three matches[nb ៥] will be filmed with ultra high definition technology (4K resolution), following a successful trial at the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup.[៥១]

The broadcasting rights – covering television, radio, internet and mobile coverage – for the tournament are sold to media companies in each individual territory either directly by FIFA, or through licensed companies or organisations such as the European Broadcasting Union, Organización de Televisión Iberoamericana, International Media Content, Dentsu and RS International Broadcasting & Sports Management.[៥២] The sale of these rights accounts for an estimated 60% of FIFA's income from staging a World Cup.[៥៣] The International Broadcast Centre is situated at the Riocentro in the Barra da Tijuca neighbourhood of Rio de Janeiro.[៥៤][៥៥]

Controversies[កែប្រែ]

Protests[កែប្រែ]

Prior to the opening ceremony of the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup at the Brasilia National Stadium, demonstrations took place outside the venue, organised by people unhappy with the amount of public money spent to enable the hosting of the FIFA World Cup.[៥៦] Both the Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff as well as FIFA president Sepp Blatter were heavily booed as they were announced to conduct their speeches at the tournament's opening,[៥៧] which resulted in FIFA announcing that the 2014 World Cup opening ceremony would not feature any speeches.[៥៨]

The demonstrations and discontent were part of wider unrest and rioting in Brazilian cities initially sparked by increased ticket prices on public transport, but growing to express deeper public disenchantment with the government's financial management of the country.[៥៦][៥៩] Further protests took place outside other matches during the Confederations Cup.[៦០][៦១]

Blatter said that the protesters "should not use football to make their demands heard",[៦២] and that the public expenditure on staging the tournaments was on "items that are for the future, not just for the World Cup".[៦២] President Rousseff responded with a public address in which she stated: "the federal money spent on the stadiums is in the form of financing that will be duly repaid by the companies and governments that are exploiting these stadiums".[៦៣]

Budweiser bill[កែប្រែ]

After numerous deaths in football stadiums, Brazil passed a law in 2003 outlawing alcohol sales in stadiums. FIFA demanded that Brazil allow alcohol sales at the World Cup because Budweiser, a major World Cup sponsor is the "Official Beer of the FIFA World Cup", a role it has played since 1986. In response, Brazil passed a law paving the way for alcohol sales in the World Cup, nicknamed the "Budweiser Bill".[៦៤][៦៥]

កំណត់ចំណាំ និងឯកសារយោង[កែប្រែ]

  1. The Portuguese pronunciation is [ˈkɔpɐ du ˈmũdu dɐ ˈfifɐ bɾɐˈziw ˈdojz ˈmiw i kɐˈtoʁzi], in Brazil's standard pronunciation.
  2. Germany's record includes the record of West Germany, three-times winner of the World Cup
  3. It was tried at the 2013 FIFA U-20 World Cup, 2013 FIFA U-17 World Cup and 2013 FIFA Club World Cup
  4. This is the time zone of ten of the twelve venues; the other two, Cuiabá and Manaus, are in the Amazon time zone (UTC−4), therefore for matches hosted at these two venues the local kickoff times are one hour earlier than the times listed below.[២៧] The match schedule was announced at FIFA's headquarters in Zürich on 20 October 2011.[២៨] The kick-off times were confirmed on 27 September 2012.[២៩] After the final draw, the kick-off times of seven matches were adjusted by FIFA.[៣០]
  5. Those matches scheduled to be filmed in ultra high definition are one match from the round of 16 (on 28 June), one quarter-final (on 4 July) and the final
  1. "Pot allocations for the Preliminary Draw"។ FIFA។ 27 July 2011http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/preliminarydraw/news/newsid=1480389/index.html។ បានយកមក 27 July 2011 
  2. "FIFA launch GLT tender for Brazil 2013/14"។ FIFA។ 19 February 2013http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/organisation/marketing/qualityprogramme/news/newsid=2014983/index.html 
  3. "If the World Cup started tomorrow"។ ESPN។ 12 June 2013http://espnfc.com/blog/_/name/worldcupcentral/id/53?cc=5739 
  4. "2014 FIFA World Cup to be held in South America"។ FIFA។ 7 March 2003http://www.fifa.com/newscentre/news/newsid=85909/index.html 
  5. "Rotation ends in 2018"។ FIFA។ 29 October 2007http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/russia2018/organisation/media/newsid=625122/ 
  6. "Brazil confirms bid - Colombia withdraws"។ FIFA។ 13 April 2007http://www.fifa.com/world-match-centre/news/newsid/123/706/index.html 
  7. "Brazil confirmed as 2014 hosts"។ FIFA។ 30 October 2007http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/news/y=2007/m=10/news=brazil-confirmed-2014-hosts-625695.html 
  8. "World Cup seeds to be based on October world ranking"។ Espn Fc។ 4 October 2013http://espnfc.com/news/story/_/id/1572890/world-cup-seeds-based-october-world-ranking?cc=5739។ បានយកមក 12 January 2014 
  9. ៩,០ ៩,១ "World Cup money pot increased to $576m"។ reuters.comhttp://www.reuters.com/article/2013/12/05/us-soccer-world-prizemoney-idUSBRE9B40QG20131205។ បានយកមក 25 April 2014 
  10. "Host cities in 1950 FIFA World Cup"។ Colunas.globoesporte.comhttp://globoesporte.globo.com/platb/memoriaec/2009/05/31/sedes-da-copa-de-1950-voltam-no-mundial-de-2014/។ បានយកមក 9 October 2011 
  11. "2014 FIFA World Cup: Luck of the draw 'an essential component'"។ BBC។ 2 December 2013http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/25187878 
  12. ១២,០ ១២,១ "Team Base Camps for Brazil 2014 announced"។ FIFA។ 21 January 2014http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/news/newsid=2267880/ 
  13. "FIFA Fan Fest locations confirmed"។ FIFA។ 20 January 2014http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/news/newsid=1614471/ 
  14. "Team Base Camps Brochure"។ FIFA។ 7 November 2013http://resources.fifa.com/mm/document/tournament/loc/01/67/33/67/tbc_web_finalversion071113_neutral.pdf 
  15. "Most teams pick bases in south east Brazil"។ BBC Sport។ 1 February 2014http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/25998576 
  16. "World Cup 2014 FanCamps and FanFests"http://worldcupfancamp.com/viewtopic.php?f=118&t=10273។ បានយកមក 8 August 2012 
  17. "FIFA Fan Fest locations confirmed"http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/news/newsid=1614471/។ បានយកមក 20 January 2014 
  18. "Kick-off event set to launch 2014 FIFA Fan Fest"http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/news/y=2014/m=6/news=kick-off-event-set-to-launch-2014-fifa-fan-fest-2355121.html។ បានយកមក 06 July 2014 
  19. "World Cup 2014 Brazuca"Soccer.com/Guide។ Soccer.comhttp://www.soccer.com/guide។ បានយកមក 28 October 2013 
  20. ២០,០ ២០,១ "adidas Brazuca – Name of Official Match Ball decided by Brazilian fans"។ FIFA។ 2 September 2012http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/news/newsid=1693277/។ បានយកមក 3 September 2012 
  21. "England v Germany: Frank Lampard denied goal by Uruguayan linesman – in pictures"The Daily Telegraph។ 27 June 2010http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/football/world-cup/pictures/7857609/England-v-Germany-Frank-Lampard-denied-goal-by-Uruguayan-linesman-in-pictures.html 
  22. "World Cup 2010: Blatter apologises for disallowed goal"។ BBC Sport។ 29 June 2010http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/world_cup_2010/8771294.stm 
  23. "IFAB gives the green light to goal-line technology"។ FIFA។ 5 July 2012https://web.archive.org/web/20120711054323/http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/organisation/marketing/qualityprogramme/news/newsid=1659741/ 
  24. "GoalControl confirmed as goal-line technology provider for Brazil 2014"។ FIFA។ 10 October 2013http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/organisation/marketing/qualityprogramme/news/newsid=2193485/index.html 
  25. "Vanishing spray set for World Cup"។ eurosport.com។ 21 November 2013http://au.eurosport.com/football/world-cup/2014/vanishing-spray-set-for-world-cup_sto4056067/story.shtml 
  26. ២៦,០ ២៦,១ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named regulations
  27. "MATCH SCHEDULE – 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil"។ FIFAhttp://www.fifa.com/mm/document/tournament/competition/01/52/99/91/2014fwc_matchschedule_wgroups_13012014_en_neutral.pdf 
  28. "Match schedule for 2014 FIFA World Cup unveiled"។ FIFA។ 20 October 2011http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/news/newsid=1529755/index.html 
  29. "FIFA Executive Committee approves kick-off times for Brazil 2014"។ FIFA។ 27 September 2012http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/news/newsid=1709606/index.html 
  30. "Match schedule for Brazil 2014 confirmed"។ FIFA។ 7 December 2013http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/news/newsid=2240950/index.html 
  31. "Match report – Brazil–Croatia" (PDF)។ FIFA.com។ 12 June 2014http://resources.fifa.com/mm/document/tournament/competition/02/36/92/26/eng_01_0612_bra-cro_fulltime.pdf។ បានយកមក 13 June 2014 
  32. "Referee designations for matches 1-4"fifa.com។ 10 June 2014http://resources.fifa.com/mm/document/tournament/competition/02/36/68/33/140610_1-4_neutral.pdf 
  33. "World Cup set to be most lucrative ever"។ ESPN។ 23 May 2014http://www.espnfc.com/news/story/_/id/1830732/2014-world-cup-set-most-lucrative-ever?cc=5739 
  34. "Record World Cup numbers game for FIFA, Brazil"។ USA Today។ 22 May 2014http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/business/2014/05/22/record-world-cup-numbers-game-for-fifa-and-brazil/9458457/ 
  35. "FIFA's Inspection Report" (PDF)http://www.fifa.com/mm/document/affederation/mission/fwc2014%5fbrazil%5fbid%5finspection%5freport%5fen%5f24491.pdf។ បានយកមក 9 October 2011 
  36. "Corruption to blame for some Brazil World Cup cost rises"។ Bloomberg។ 23 May 2014http://www.businessweek.com/news/2014-05-22/corruption-to-blame-for-some-brazil-world-cup-cost-rises 
  37. "Brazil World Cup stadiums on track, but costs soar"។ Reuters។ 3 April 2012http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/04/03/soccer-world-brazil-idUSL2E8F2GG820120403 
  38. "2014 Fifa World Cup: Where are the 12 host stadiums in Brazil?"។ BBC។ 3 December 2013http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/24897388 
  39. "FIFA World Cup 2014 host cities to receive US$ 1.5 billion"។ Brazil-Arab News Agency។ 22 July 2009http://www2.anba.com.br/noticia_esportes.kmf?cod=8705153 
  40. "Less than half of Brazilians favor hosting World Cup, poll shows"។ Reuters។ 8 April 2014http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/04/08/us-worldcup-brazil-idUSBREA3715H20140408 
  41. "The social cost of Brazil hosting World Cup 2014"។ Bleacher Report។ 6 June 2013http://bleacherreport.com/articles/1663701-the-social-cost-of-brazil-hosting-world-cup-2014 
  42. "Fifa concern about three Brazil stadiums"។ BBC Sport។ 30 May 2014http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/27632572 
  43. "Brazil boosts World Cup security budget as crime rises"។ CNN។ 5 December 2013http://edition.cnn.com/2012/12/05/sport/football/brazil-world-cup-security-football/ 
  44. "Armadillo alert: Official Mascot introduced to the world"។ FIFA។ 17 September 2012http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/media/newsid=1701431/index.html 
  45. "Police ban Brazilian vuvuzelas"។ Fox Sports។ 10 May 2013http://msn.foxsports.com/foxsoccer/worldcup/story/brazilian-police-ban-caxirolas-from-matches-over-security-concerns-vuvuzela-051013 
  46. "Brazilian star Claudia Leitte to perform with Pitbull and Jennifer Lopez on the official song for the 2014 FIFA World Cup"។ FIFA។ 23 January 2014http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/news/y=2014/m=1/news=brazilian-star-claudia-leitte-perform-with-pitbull-and-jennifer-lopez-th-2264459.html 
  47. "EA Announces EA SPORTS 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil"។ IGN។ 2014-02-06http://www.ign.com/articles/2014/02/06/ea-announces-ea-sports-2014-fifa-world-cup-brazil។ បានយកមក 2014-02-24 
  48. "Host Broadcasting"។ FIFAhttp://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/organisation/tv/hostbroadcasting.html។ បានយកមក 4 December 2013 
  49. "Sony Professional awarded 2014 FIFA World Cup Broadcast Production Contract"។ Live-production.tv។ 13 September 2012http://www.live-production.tv/news/sports/sony-professional-awarded-2014-fifa-world-cup%E2%84%A2-broadcast-production-contract.html 
  50. ៥០,០ ៥០,១ "Sony's astonishing World Cup statistics"។ RedShark News។ 22 May 2014http://www.redsharknews.com/business/item/1701-sony-s-astonishing-world-cup-statistics?page=1 
  51. "Sony and FIFA announce further 4K coverage of the 2014 FIFA World Cup"។ FIFA។ 3 April 2014http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/news/y=2014/m=4/news=sony-and-fifa-announce-further-coverage-the-2014-fifa-world-cuptm-2313778.html 
  52. "2014 FIFA World Cup BrazilTM Media Rights Licensees"។ FIFA។ 7 November 2013http://www.fifa.com/mm/document/affederation/tv/01/47/76/00/2014fifaworldcupbrazil%28tm%29mediarightslicenseelist110414_neutral.pdf 
  53. "FIFA revenue estimated to be 4 billion dollars at the close of the 2014 World Cup"។ CONMEBOL.com។ 17 May 2013http://www.conmebol.com/en/content/fifa-revenue-estimated-be-4-billion-dollars-close-2014-world-cup 
  54. "International Broadcast Centre to be hosted in Rio de Janeiro"។ FIFA។ 27 May 2011http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/media/newsid=1442394/ 
  55. "Nerve centre for World Cup TV production opens in Rio"។ FIFA។ 2 June 2014http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/news/y=2014/m=6/news=nerve-centre-for-world-cup-tv-production-opens-in-rio-2353342.html 
  56. ៥៦,០ ៥៦,១ Reuters (15 June 2013)។ "Brazil Beats Japan, Protests Spoil Confederations Cup Opening Day"Voice of AmericaBrasilia: Federal government of the United Stateshttp://www.voanews.com/content/brazil-japan-confederations-cup/1682679.html។ បានយកមក 16 June 2013 
  57. Peck, Brooks (29 May 2013)។ "Sepp Blatter, Brazil president Dilma booed at Confederations Cup opening ceremony"។ Sports.yahoo.comhttp://sports.yahoo.com/blogs/soccer-dirty-tackle/sepp-blatter-brazil-president-dilma-booed-confederations-cup-201019866.html។ បានយកមក 16 June 2013 
  58. "Fifa scraps speeches to avoid protest"។ BBC។ 12 March 2014http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-26539972 
  59. "Brazil despair: Protests over transport, inflation gain intl support (PHOTOS) — RT News"។ Rt.comhttp://rt.com/news/brazil-protest-demonstration-unrest-741/។ បានយកមក 18 June 2013 
  60. "Confed Cup protests continue"។ ESPN។ 17 June 2013http://espnfc.com/news/story/_/id/1477993/confederations-cup-protests-continue-brazil?cc=5739 
  61. "Police clashes at start of Brazil Confederations Cup final"។ BBC។ 1 July 2013http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-23121532 
  62. ៦២,០ ៦២,១ "Brazil protests continue"។ ESPN។ 19 June 2013http://espnfc.com/news/story/_/id/1480149/protests-continue-brazil?cc=5739# 
  63. "Brazil president Rousseff defends public spending on World Cup as protests continue"។ Daily Mail។ 22 June 2013http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sport/football/article-2346359/Brazil-president-Dilma-Rousseff-defends-public-spending-World-Cup.html 
  64. Brazil Moves To Ease Soccer Beer Ban, As World Cup Spat With FIFA Grows, NPR (March 07, 2012).
  65. Brazilian Senate approves ‘Budweiser bill’ ending dispute with FIFA over World Cup sponsoring, Merco Press, (May 10, 2012).

តំណភ្ជាប់ខាងក្រៅ[កែប្រែ]

ស្វែងរកបន្ថែមអំពី បាល់ទាត់ពិភពលោក ២០១៤ នៅលើគំរោងផ្សេងៗទៀតរបស់វិគីខាងក្រោម៖
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