Automatic taxobox help
Thanks for creating an automatic taxobox. We don't know the taxonomy of "សោណ្ឌីសត្វ".
Is "សោណ្ឌីសត្វ" the scientific name of your taxon? If you were editing the page "Animal", you'd need to specify
|taxon=Animalia. If you've changed this, press "Preview" to update this message.
Click to enter the taxonomic details for "សោណ្ឌីសត្វ". here
|authority= Who described the taxon
|parent authority= Who described the next taxon up the list
|display parents=4 force the display of (e.g.) 4 parent taxa
|display children= Display any subdivisions already in Wikipedia's database
(e.g. genera within a family)
Proboscidea (from the Latin ) are a proboscis taxonomic order containing one living family, Elephantidae, and several extinct families. This order, first described by J. Illiger in 1811, encompasses the trunked mammals.  Later proboscideans are distinguished by tusks and long, muscular trunks; these features are less developed or absent in early proboscideans.
The earliest known proboscidean is
, Eritherium followed by  , a small animal about the size of a fox. These both date from late Phosphatherium Paleocene deposits of Morocco.
Proboscideans diversified during the
Eocene and early Oligocene. Several primitive families from these epochs have been described, including Numidotheriidae, Moeritheriidae, and Barytheriidae in Africa, and Anthracobunidae from the Indian subcontinent. These were followed by the earliest [note ១] Deinotheriidae, or "hoe tuskers", which thrived during the Miocene and into the early Quaternary. Proboscideans from the Miocene also included , an early genus of the disputed family Stegolophodon Stegodontidae; the diverse family of Gomphotheriidae, or "shovel tuskers", such as and Platybelodon ; and the Amebelodon Mammutidae, or mastodons.
Most families of Proboscidea are now extinct, many since the end of the last
glacial period. Recently extinct species include the last examples of gomphotheres in Central and South America, the American mastodon of family Mammutidae in North America, numerous stegodonts once found in Asia, the last of the mammoths, and several island species of dwarf elephants.
The classification of proboscideans is unstable and frequently revised, and some relationships within the order remain unclear. As of 2005, at least 177 species and subspecies of proboscideans, classified in 43 genera, are recognized; the order is summarized as:
incertae sedis † Moeritheriidae
† Daouitherium † Numidotherium
† Barytherium † Deinotheriidae
† Chilgatherium 
† Prodeinotherium † Deinotherium Elephantiformes
incertae sedis † Hemimastodon
† Phiomia Elephantimorpha
incertae sedis † Eritreum 
† Eozygodon †Mammutinae
† Zygolophodon † Mammut Elephantida
† Gomphotheriidae (gomphotheres)
incertae sedis † Gnathabelodon
incertae sedis † Progomphotherium incertae sedis †
† Amebelodon † Platybelodon
incertae sedis † Sinomastodon
incertae sedis † Eubelodon
† Rhynchotherium †Cuvieroniinae
† Haplomastodon † Notiomastodon Elephantoidea
incertae sedis † Tetralophodon
incertae sedis † Morrillia
incertae sedis † Anancus
incertae sedis † Paratetralophodon
† Stegolophodon † Stegodon Elephantidae
† Stegotetrabelodon † Stegodibelodon Elephantinae (elephants and mammoths)
† Primelephas Loxodontini
Elephas † Mammuthus
↑ This family has been excluded from Proboscidea by Shoshani & Tassy (2005)
↑ ១,០ ១,១
Shoshani, Jeheskel (2005). "Advances in proboscidean taxonomy & classification, anatomy & physiology, and ecology & behavior". Quaternary International. 126-128: 5–20 . Retrieved . 1 July 2012
Vergiev, S.; Markov, G. (2010). "A mandible of Deinotherium (Mammalia - Proboscidea) from Aksakovo near Varna, Northeast Bulgaria". Palaeodiversity. 3: 241–247.
"Proboscidea" . Retrieved . 13 September 2011
↑ Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,
Bjorn Kurten, Elaine Anderson (17 May 2005). . Pleistocene mammals of North America - Google Books Google Book Search . Retrieved . 1 July 2009
Sanders, William J. (2004). "New large-bodied mammals from the late Oligocene site of Chilga, Ethiopia". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 49 (3): 365–392.
Shoshani, Jeheskel (2006). "A proboscidean from the late Oligocene of Eritrea, a "missing link" between early Elephantiformes and Elephantimorpha, and biogeographic implications". PNAS. 103 (46). doi: 10.1073/pnas.0603689103.