អ៊ីដ្រូសែន

ពីវិគីភីឌា
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អ៊ីដ្រូសែន
1H
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (other metals)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (other metals)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (other metals)
Tin (other metals)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (other metals)
Lead (other metals)
Bismuth (other metals)
Polonium (other metals)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
-

H

Li
- ← អ៊ីដ្រូសែនអេល្យូម
អ៊ីដ្រូសែន នៅក្នុងតារាងខួបនៃធាតុគីមី
រូបរាង
ឧស្ម័នគ្មានពណ៌

Purple glow in its plasma state

Spectral lines of hydrogen
លក្ខណៈទូទៅ
ឈ្មោះ, និមិត្តសញ្ញា, លេខ អ៊ីដ្រូសែន, H, 1
Pronunciation /ˈhdrəən/ hy-drə-jən[១]
Element category diatomic nonmetal
ក្រុម, ខួប, block 1, 1, s
ទម្ងន់អាតូម 1.008(1)
លេខអេឡិចត្រុង 1s1
1
Physical properties
ព័ណ៌ colorless
Phase gas
ដង់ស៊ីតេ (0 °C, 101.325 kPa)
0.08988 g/L
ដង់ស៊ីតេអង្គធាតុរាវ នៅ ចំណុចរលាយ 0.07 (0.0763 solid)[២] g·cm−3
ដង់ស៊ីតេអង្គធាតុរាវ នៅ ចំណុចរំពុះ 0.07099 g·cm−3
ចំណុចរលាយ 13.99 K, −259.16 °C, −434.49 °F
ចំណុចរំពុះ 20.271 K, −252.879 °C, −423.182 °F
Triple point 13.8033 K, 7.041 kPa
Critical point 32.938 K, 1.2858 MPa
Heat of fusion (H2) 0.117 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization (H2) 0.904 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity (H2) 28.836 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 15 20
Atomic properties
ចំនួនអុកស៊ីតកម្ម 1, −1
(amphoteric oxide)
អេឡិចត្រូនេកាទីវ 2.20 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies 1st: 1312.0 kJ·mol−1
Covalent radius 31±5 pm
Van der Waals radius 120 pm
Miscellanea
ទម្រង់គ្រីស្តាល hexagonal
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[៣]
Thermal conductivity 0.1805 W·m−1·K−1
Speed of sound (gas, 27 °C) 1310 m·s−1
CAS registry number 1333-74-0
History
Discovery Henry Cavendish[៤][៥] (1766)
Named by Antoine Lavoisier[៦] (1783)
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of អ៊ីដ្រូសែន
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
1H 99.985% 1H is stable with 0 neutrons
2H 0.015% 2H is stable with 1 neutron
3H trace 12.32 y β 0.01861 3He
· references

អុីដ្រូសែន ជាធាតុគីមី ដែលត្រូវបានរកឃើញដោយលោក ហង់រី កាវិនឌីស (Henry Cavendish)​នៅឆ្នាំ ១៧៦៦ នៅទីក្រុងឡុង ប្រទេសអង់គ្លេស។ ឈ្មោះរបស់ អ៊ីដ្រូសែន យកតាមភាសាក្រិច៖​ hydrogenes=hydro + genes មានន័យថា ការបង្កើតជាទឹក (water forming)។ អ៊ីដ្រូសែនជាឧស្ម័នគ្មានពណ៌ គ្មានក្លិន និងអាចឆេះបាន។

មើលផងដែរ[កែប្រែ]

កំណត់ចំនាំ[កែប្រែ]


ឯកសារយោង[កែប្រែ]

  1. Simpson, J.A.; Weiner, E.S.C. (1989) "Hydrogen" Oxford English Dictionary 7 (2nd ed.) Clarendon Press ISBN 0-19-861219-2
  2. Wiberg, Egon; Wiberg, Nils; Holleman, Arnold Frederick (2001) Inorganic chemistry Academic Press p. 240 ISBN 0123526515CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds" [[CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics]] (PDF) (81st ed.) CRC Press URL–wikilink conflict (ជំនួយ)
  4. "Hydrogen" Van Nostrand's Encyclopedia of Chemistry Wylie-Interscience 2005 pp. 797–799 ISBN 0-471-61525-0
  5. Emsley, John (2001) Nature's Building Blocks Oxford: Oxford University Press pp. 183–191 ISBN 0-19-850341-5
  6. Stwertka, Albert (1996) A Guide to the Elements Oxford University Press pp. 16–21 ISBN 0-19-508083-1

អានបន្ថែម[កែប្រែ]

តំណភ្ជាប់ខាងក្រៅ[កែប្រែ]