The Ottoman Empire (Ottoman Turkish: دولت عليه عثمانیه Devlet-i ʿAliyye-yi ʿOsmâniyye; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu), sometimes referred to as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a contiguous transcontinental empire founded by Turkish tribes under Osman Bey in north-western Anatolia in 1299. With the conquest of Constantinople by Mehmet II in 1453 the Ottoman state was transformed into an empire.
- Index of Ottoman Empire-related articles
- Outline of the Ottoman Empire
- Bibliography of the Ottoman Empire
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- The old name of Edirne was Adrianople. After the capture of the city by Ottomans, it was renamed Edirne.
- The official name of Istanbul was Kostantiniyye (قسطنطينيه) under the Ottoman Empire. The name Constantinople continue to be used by Westerners until 1930. Istanbul became its official name after the city's name was officially changed by the Turkish government on 28 March 1930.
- Mehmed VI, the last Sultan, was expelled from Constantinople on 17 November 1922.
- The Treaty of Sèvres (10 August 1920) afforded a small existence to the Ottoman Empire. On 1 November 1922, the Grand National Assembly (GNAT) abolished the sultanate and declared that all the deeds of the Ottoman regime in Istanbul were null and void as of 16 March 1920, the date of the occupation of Constantinople under the terms of the Treaty of Sevres. The international recognition of the GNAT and the Government of Ankara was achieved through the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne on 24 July 1923. The Grand National Assembly of Turkey promulgated the "Republic" on 29 October 1923, which was the end of the Ottoman Empire in history.
- Ottoman Capital Bursa. Official website of Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Turkey. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "It served as the capital of the Ottoman Empire from 1413 until 1453 and flourished as an administrative, commercial, and cultural centre." "Edirne" Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 27 June 2013
- "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires" (PDF)។ Journal of World-Systems Research 12 (2): 219–229។ 2006។ http://jwsr.ucr.edu/archive/vol12/number2/pdf/jwsr-v12n2-tah.pdf។ បានយកមក 11 February 2013។
- Dündar, Orhan; Dündar, Erhan, 1.Dünya Savaşı, Millî Eğitim Bakanlığı Yayınları, 1999, ISBN 975-11-1643-0
- Erickson, Edward J.។ Defeat in detail: the Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913។ ទំ. 59។
- "Ottoman banknote with Arabic script"។ http://www.twareekh.com/images/upload/aboutus/ottmani10liras1334F-.jpg។ បានយកមក 26 August 2010។
- "Ottoman Empire"។ Britannica Online Encyclopedia។ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/434996/Ottoman-Empire។ បានយកមក 11 February 2013។
- The A to Z of the Ottoman Empire, by Selcuk Aksin Somel, 2010, p.179
- The Ottoman Empire, 1700–1922, Donald Quataert, 2005, p.4
- The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture: Delhi to Mosque, Jonathan M. Bloom, Sheila Blair, 2009. p.82
- Encyclopaedia Britannica (12th ed. 1922) comprises the 11th edition plus three new volumes 30-31-32 that cover events since 1911 with very thorough coverage of the war as well as every country and colony. Included also in 13th edition (1926) partly online
- Itzkowitz, Norman (1980)។ Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition។ University of Chicago Press។ ល.ស.ប.អ. 0-226-38806-9។
- Kinross, Patrick Balfour (1979)។ The Ottoman Centuries: The Rise and Fall of the Turkish Empire។ William Morrow។
- Dimitri Kitsikis, L'Empire ottoman, Presses universitaires de France, 3rd ed., 1994
- Quataert, Donald (2000)។ The Ottoman Empire, 1700–1922។ Cambridge University Press។ ល.ស.ប.អ. 978-1-139-44591-7។ http://books.google.com/books?id=T1jR39OM_hsC។
- Fromkin, David (1989). A Peace to End All Peace: the Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East. New York: Avon Books. 635 p., ill. with  p. of b&w photos. ISBN 0-380-71300-4
- Palmer, Alan (1992). The Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire. New York: M. Evans and Co. ix, , 306 p., maps. ISBN 0-87131-754-0
- Arnold, Arthur (1877)។ The promises of Turkey។ Papers on the Eastern Question។ London: Eastern Question Association។
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- Ottoman Text Archive Project – University of Washington
- American Travelers to the Holy Land in the 19th Century Shapell Manuscript Foundation
- The Ottoman Empire: Resources – University of Michigan
- The Ottoman Empire: A Chronological Outline
- Information about Ottomans
- Turkey in Asia, 1920