ចក្រភពអូតូម៉ង់

ដោយវិគីភីឌា
(ត្រូវបានបញ្ជូនបន្តពី Ottoman Empire)
Ottoman Empire
دولت عليهٔ عثمانیه
Devlet-i Âliyye-i Osmâniyye
1299–1923
ទង់ វរលញ្ឆករ
បាវចនា
Devlet-i Ebed-müddet
دولت ابد مدت
"The Eternal State"
ភ្លេងជាតិ
Ottoman imperial anthem
Greatest extent (red) with vassal states (light red) of the Ottoman Empire in 1590s.
ធានី Söğüt
(1299–1335)
Bursa[១]
(1335–1413)
Adrianople[២][dn ១]
(1413–1453)
Constantinople[dn ២]
(1458–1922)
ភាសា Ottoman Turkish (official), many others
សាសនា Sunni Islam
រដ្ឋាភិបាល Absolute monarchy
(1299–1876)
(1878–1908)
(1918–1922)
Constitutional monarchy
(1876–1878)
(1908–1918)
Sultan
 -  1299–1326 Osman I (first)
 -  1918–1922 Mehmed VI (last)
Grand Vizier
 -  1320–1331 Alaeddin Pasha (first)
 -  1920–1922 Ahmed Tevfik Pasha (last)
អង្គនីតិបញ្ញត្តិ General Assembly
 -  វិមានជាន់ខ្ពស់ Senate
 -  វិមានជាន់ទាប Chamber of Deputies
ប្រវត្តិសាស្ត្រ
 -  Founded 27 July 1299
 -  Interregnum 1402–1414
 -  1. Constitutional 1876–1878
 -  2. Constitutional 1908–1922
 -  Sultanate abolished [dn ៣] 1 November 1922
 -  Republic of Turkey[dn ៤] 29 October 1923
ផ្ទៃដី
 -  1683 [៣] ៥២០០០០០ គម (២០០៧៧៣១ ម៉ា.កា.)
 -  1914 [៤] ១៨០០០០០ គម (៦៩៤៩៨៤ ម៉ៃ កា)
ប្រជាជន
 -  1856 est. ៣៥៣៥០០០០ 
 -  1906 est. ២០៨៨៤០០០ 
 -  1912 est.[៥] ២៤០០០០០០ 
រូបិយវត្ថុ Akçe, Para, Sultani, Kuruş, Lira
ពីមុនជា
ក្រោយមកជា
Byzantine Empire
Sultanate of Rûm
Empire of Trebizond
Despotate of the Morea
Despotate of Epirus
Despotate of Dobruja
Karamanids
Kingdom of Bosnia
Bulgarian Empire
Serbian Empire
League of Lezhë
Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Croatia
Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt
Hospitallers of Tripolitania
Turkish Provisional Government
First Hellenic Republic
Khedivate of Egypt
Condominium of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Emirate of Diriyah
Provisional Government of Albania
Kingdom of Romania
Principality of Bulgaria
British Cyprus
French Algeria
French Tunisia
Sheikhdom of Kuwait
OETA
Italian North Africa
Yemen
សព្វថ្ងៃ ប៉ែកនៃ

The Ottoman Empire (Ottoman Turkish: دولت عليه عثمانیه Devlet-i ʿAliyye-yi ʿOsmâniyye;[៦] Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu), sometimes referred to as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a contiguous transcontinental empire founded by Turkish tribes under Osman Bey in north-western Anatolia in 1299.[៧] With the conquest of Constantinople by Mehmet II in 1453 the Ottoman state was transformed into an empire.[៨][៩][១០]

A historical map showing eyalets (administrative regions) of Ottoman Empire in Europe and Asia in 1890.


មើលផងដែរ[កែប្រែ]

Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Portal/images/m' not found.

Footnotes[កែប្រែ]

  1. The old name of Edirne was Adrianople. After the capture of the city by Ottomans, it was renamed Edirne.
  2. The official name of Istanbul was Kostantiniyye (قسطنطينيه) under the Ottoman Empire. The name Constantinople continue to be used by Westerners until 1930. Istanbul became its official name after the city's name was officially changed by the Turkish government on 28 March 1930.
  3. Mehmed VI, the last Sultan, was expelled from Constantinople on 17 November 1922.
  4. The Treaty of Sèvres (10 August 1920) afforded a small existence to the Ottoman Empire. On 1 November 1922, the Grand National Assembly (GNAT) abolished the sultanate and declared that all the deeds of the Ottoman regime in Istanbul were null and void as of 16 March 1920, the date of the occupation of Constantinople under the terms of the Treaty of Sevres. The international recognition of the GNAT and the Government of Ankara was achieved through the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne on 24 July 1923. The Grand National Assembly of Turkey promulgated the "Republic" on 29 October 1923, which was the end of the Ottoman Empire in history.

កំណត់ចំណាំ[កែប្រែ]

  1. Ottoman Capital Bursa. Official website of Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Turkey. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
  2. "It served as the capital of the Ottoman Empire from 1413 until 1453 and flourished as an administrative, commercial, and cultural centre." "Edirne" Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 27 June 2013
  3. "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires" (PDF)។ Journal of World-Systems Research 12 (2): 219–229។ 2006http://jwsr.ucr.edu/archive/vol12/number2/pdf/jwsr-v12n2-tah.pdf។ បានយកមក 11 February 2013 
  4. Dündar, Orhan; Dündar, Erhan, 1.Dünya Savaşı, Millî Eğitim Bakanlığı Yayınları, 1999, ISBN 975-11-1643-0
  5. Erickson, Edward J.។ Defeat in detail: the Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913។ ទំ. 59។ 
  6. "Ottoman banknote with Arabic script"http://www.twareekh.com/images/upload/aboutus/ottmani10liras1334F-.jpg។ បានយកមក 26 August 2010 
  7. "Ottoman Empire"។ Britannica Online Encyclopediahttp://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/434996/Ottoman-Empire។ បានយកមក 11 February 2013 
  8. The A to Z of the Ottoman Empire, by Selcuk Aksin Somel, 2010, p.179
  9. The Ottoman Empire, 1700–1922, Donald Quataert, 2005, p.4
  10. The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture: Delhi to Mosque, Jonathan M. Bloom, Sheila Blair, 2009. p.82

ឯកសារយោង[កែប្រែ]

អានបន្ថែម[កែប្រែ]

  • Fromkin, David (1989). A Peace to End All Peace: the Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East. New York: Avon Books. 635 p., ill. with [34] p. of b&w photos. ISBN 0-380-71300-4
  • Palmer, Alan (1992). The Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire. New York: M. Evans and Co. ix, [4], 306 p., maps. ISBN 0-87131-754-0
  • Arnold, Arthur (1877)។ The promises of Turkey។ Papers on the Eastern Question។ London: Eastern Question Association។ 

តំណភ្ជាប់ខាងក្រៅ[កែប្រែ]

ទំព័រគំរូ:Ottoman Empire topics ទំព័រគំរូ:Turkic topics ទំព័រគំរូ:Turkey topics ទំព័រគំរូ:History of Anatolia ទំព័រគំរូ:Empires ទំព័រគំរូ:Medieval states in Anatolia