|Opened by the Royal Thai Government||មករា ១៩៨៥|
|• សរុប||៧,៥ គម២ (២,៩ ម៉ាយ ការ)|
|• សន្ទភាព||២៦៤០០/គម២ (៦៨០០០/ម៉ាយ ការ)|
ជំរំជនភៀសខ្លួន សាយធូ (អង់គ្លេស ៖ Site Two Refugee Camp, ហៅខ្លី Site II or Site 2) គឺជាជំរំជនភៀសខ្លួន ធំជាងគេបំផុត ដែលមានទីតាំងនៅតាមបណ្ដោយព្រំដែនខ្មែរ-ថៃ ហើយក៏ធ្លាប់ជាប់ចំណាត់ថ្នាក់ជាជំរំធំជាងគេបំផុតនៅតំបន់អាស៊ីអាគ្នេយ៍ រយៈពេលច្រើនឆ្នាំដែរ។ ជំរំនេះត្រូវបានបង្កើតឡើងនៅខែមករា ១៩៨៥ អំឡុងពេល 1984-1985 Vietnamese dry-season offensive ប្រឆាំងនឹងកំលាំងទ័ពព្រៃដែលប្រយុទ្ធប្រឆាំងនឹងការកាន់កាប់ប្រទេសកម្ពុជាពីសំណាក់ប្រទេសវៀតណាម ។ 
អត្ថបទនេះត្រូវបានសរសេរជាភាសាផ្សេង ដែលមិនមែនជាភាសាខ្មែរ។ បើសិនជាអត្ថបទទុកសម្រាប់អ្នកអានមកពី សហគមន៍នៃភាសាមួយនេះ វាគួរតែចែកចាយទៅវិគីភីឌាជាភាសានោះ។ សូមមើល បញ្ជីនៃគម្រោងវិគីភីឌាទាំងអស់។
សូមមើល ច្រកចូលអត្ថបទនេះ លើក្រុមទំព័រដែលត្រូវការបំណកប្រែទៅជាភាសាខ្មែរ ដើម្បីពិភាក្សា ។ ប្រសិនបើ អត្ថបទមិនត្រូវបានសរសេរជាភាសាខ្មែរឡើងវិញទេ ក្នុងរយៈពេលពីរសប្ដាហ៍ទៀត អត្ថបទនឹងត្រូវចុះបញ្ជីដើម្បីលុបចោល និង/ឬ ប្ដូរវាទៅកាន់វិគីភីឌាជាភាសាដើមរបស់វាវិញ ។
បើសិនជាលោកអ្នក គ្រាន់តែចង់បិទស្លាកទំព័រនេះត្រូវការបំណកប្រែ សូមបញ្ចូល
ទៅខាងក្រោម នៃផ្នែក នៃក្រុមទំព័រនេះត្រូវការបំណកប្រែទៅជាភាសាខ្មែរ ។
In early 1985 the Royal Thai Government, together with the United Nations Border Relief Operation (UNBRO) and other UN agencies, decided to resettle populations displaced from refugee camps that had been destroyed by military activity into a single camp where aid agencies could provide combined services. Site Two was located in Thailand 70 kilometers northeast of Aranyaprathet, near Ta Phraya, approximately 4 kilometers from the Cambodian border.
ជំរំនេះគ្របដណ្ដប់លើ ផ្ទៃដីទំហំ ៧,៥ សហតិមាត្រការ៉េ (២,៩ ម៉ាយ ក.) និងរួមបញ្ចូលប្រជាជន មកពីជំរំ ណងសាមិត (ឫទ្ធិសែន), បាងភូ (Bang Phu), ណងចាន់, ណាំយើន (ជំរំមួយស្ថិតនៅភាគខាងកើតព្រំដែនកម្ពុជាថៃ ស្ថិតក្បែរប្រទេសឡាវ), សាន់រ៉ (Sanro Changan), អូរបុក, Ban Sangae (Ampil), និងដងរែក (Dong Ruk), ដែលត្រូវបានផ្លាស់ទីកន្លែងដោយការប្រយុទ្ធគ្នារវាង ខែវិច្ឆិកាឆ្នាំ ១៩៨៤ និងខែមីនាឆ្នាំ១៩៨៥។ These camps supported the non-communist resistance spearheaded by Son Sann's Khmer People's National Liberation Front (KPNLF). However, Site Two was intended as a civilian camp and the Khmer People's National Liberation Armed Forces (KPNLAF) were based in other locations.
Between 1989 and 1991 the camp's population went from 145,000 to over 198,000.
Initially programs at Site Two were limited to the most basic support services: medical care, public health programs, sanitation, construction, and skills training in areas directly related to the running of the camp. This was in keeping with the Thai policy of "humane deterrence": the principle that the camps should not become permanent settlements or provide a level of assistance beyond what the refugees could expect to find in Cambodia.
Camp services were mostly provided by the American Refugee Committee (ARC), Catholic Office for Emergency Relief and Refugees (COERR), Concern, Christian Outreach (COR), Handicap International, the International Rescue Committee, Catholic Relief Services (CRS), the Japan International Volunteer Center (JVC), Malteser-Hilfsdienst Auslandsdienst (MHD), Medicins Sans Frontieres, Operation Handicap International (OHI), the International Rescue Committee (IRC), Japan Sotoshu Relief Committee (JSRC), and YWAM. These organizations were coordinated by UNBRO, which was directly responsible for the distribution of food and water.
On a per person basis rice, canned or dried fish, one egg and a vegetable were distributed weekly at Site Two; dried beans, oil, salt, and wheat flour were given once a month. Exact amounts for the weekly and monthly rations in 1990 were as follows:
- Rice: 3.4 kilograms/week
- Eggs: 100 grams/week
- Vegetables: 500 grams/week
- Fish products: 210 grams/week
- Dry beans: 500 grams/month
- Oil: 700 grams/month
- Salt: 280 grams/month
- Wheat flour: 700 grams/month
Water was a particular problem at Site Two. UNBRO constructed a large reservoir at Ban Wattana, approximately 12 kilometers from the camp. Most of Site Two's water was trucked in from this reservoir but in the dry season even this source was insufficient for the camp's needs. Late in 1990, UNBRO began drilling several deep wells in the camp, which ultimately provided much of the camp's water.
Medical services were provided by 5 dirt-floored, thatched bamboo hospitals and 8 outpatient clinics staffed by doctors and nurses from international voluntary agencies as well as Khmer medics and nurses. There was no surgical facility and surgical emergencies were referred to the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) hospital at Khao-I-Dang, although family members of KPNLAF soldiers could obtain medical and surgical care at the Chiang Daoy Military Hospital, just outside the camp on the northern perimeter.
Education at Site Two progressed slowly due to the Thai Government's policy of "humane deterrence" which discouraged programs and services that would attract refugees from Kampuchea. In 1988, with the agreement of the Royal Thai Government, UNBRO launched a major new educational assistance program, focusing at the primary level and providing support for curriculum development, the printing of educational materials, teacher training and the training of teacher trainers, the provision of supplies and the construction and equipment of classrooms.
By early 1989 the school system consisted of some fifty primary schools with an enrollment of approximately 70,000 pupils; three middle schools (collèges) and three high schools (lycées) with approximately 7,000 students, and more than 10,000 adults in literacy and vocational skills programs. Instruction was provided in Khmer by some 1,300 primary and over 300 secondary teachers recruited almost entirely from within the camps.
The Khmer Police took care of traditional police functions within Site Two. Until 1987 overall camp security was the responsibility of a special Thai Rangers unit known as Task Force 80, however this unit violated human rights extensively until it was disbanded in April 1988 and replaced by the DPPU (the Displaced Persons Protection Unit), a specially trained paramilitary unit created in 1987 expressly to provide security on the Thai-Cambodian border. The DPPU was responsible for protecting camp boundaries and preventing bandits from entering the camp.
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- Abrams F, Orentlicher D, Heder SR. Kampuchea: After the Worst: A Report on Current Violations of Human Rights. New York: Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, 1985. ISBN 0-934143-29-3
- Lawyers Committee for Human Rights (U.S.). Seeking Shelter: Cambodians in Thailand: A Report on Human Rights. New York: Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, 1987. ISBN 0-934143-14-5
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- Grant M, Grant T, Fortune G, Horgan B. Bamboo & Barbed Wire: Eight Years as a Volunteer in a Refugee Camp. Mandurah, W.A.: DB Pub., 2000.
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- Thai-Cambodian Border Camps: Site Two
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- Vietnamese Refugees at Site II
- Tim Grant's Site Two Photo Album
- More of Tim Grant's Site Two Photos at Flickr