អារក្ស

ពីវិគីភីឌា
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រូបចម្លាក់របស់បិសាច

អារក្ស (អង់គ្លេសDemon) ជាវិញ្ញាណអាក្រក់ ហើយវាមានអំណាចអាចធ្វើការអស្ចារ្យជាច្រើនបាន ប៉ុន្តែមិនមែនសម្រាប់សេចក្ដីល្អទេ។ វាជាសត្រូវរបស់មនុស្សជាតិ ស្ថិតនៅក្នុងអាកាស

ហើយពួនសម្ងំនៅក្នុងរូបបដិមាកររបស់ពួកអ្នកមិនជឿព្រះ។ វាជាប្រភពនៃសេចក្ដីអាក្រក់គ្រប់បែបយ៉ាងដល់មនុស្សជាតិ ហើយកាលណាវាចូលមនុស្សណាហើយ វានឹងធ្វើទុក្ខមនុស្សនោះដោយ

ជំងឺផ្សេងៗជាច្រើន។

អារក្ស (មកពីភាសាក្រិក: δαιμόνιον daimónion) គឺជាអំណាចដ៏ខ្លាំងពូកែមួយ តែងតែជាភាវៈដែលបង្កការខូចខាតដល់មនុស្ស ហើយតែងតែមាននិយាយនៅក្នុងសាសនា វិជ្ជាមន្តអាគម អក្សាសាស្ត្រ ទេវវិទ្យាជាដើម។[១]

នៅក្នុងវិជ្ជាខាងអារក្ស របស់គ្រីស្ទានកាលពីមជ្ឈឹមសម័យ អារក្សត្រូវបានគេយល់ឃើញថាជាវិញ្ញាណអសោច ជាទូតសួគ៌ដែលធ្លាក់ពីស្ថានសួគ៌ ជាប្រភេទវីញ្ញាណដែលគេមិនស្គាល់ ហើយវាអាចចូលក្នុងមនុស្ស។[២]

[៣][៤][៥][៦][៧] [៨][៩][១០][១១][១២][១៣][១៤][១៥][១៣][១៤][១៦][១៣][១៧][១៨][១៩][២០] [២១][១៧] [២២][២៣][២៤][២៥][២៦] [២៧] [២៨][២៩] [៣០]

សាសនាគ្រីស្ទ[កែប្រែ]

[៣១]

រូបគំនូរនៅមជ្ឈឹមសម័យ គូរដោយ Ottheinrich Folio ពិពណ៌នាអំពីព្រះយេស៊ូវដេញអារក្សឲ្យចេញនៅកេរ៉ាស៊ីន (រឿងប្រៀបប្រដូចនៅមជ្ឈិមសម័យពិពណ៌នាអំពីព្រយេស៊ូបណ្តេញអារក្សចេញពីបុរសហើយផ្ទេរពួកវាទៅជ្រូក)

ពាក្យ "demon" (មកពីភាសាក្រិក δαιμόνιον daimonion) មានប្រើ៦៣ដង ក្នុងសញ្ញថ្មីនៃព្រះគម្ពីរគ្រីស្ទាន។[៣២][៣៣][៣៤]

[៣៥][៣៦][៣៧][៣៨][៣៩][៤០]

នៅក្នុងព្រះគម្ពីរគ្រីស្ទាន បានបកស្រាយថាព្រះរបស់សាសនាផ្សេងៗគឺជាអារក្ស (demons) (មកពីភាសាក្រិក δαιμόνιον daimonion)។[៤១]

វិជ្ជាដែលសិក្សាពីអារក្ស បានវិវត្តពីលក្ខណៈសាមញ្ញមួយ ទៅជាការសិក្សាដ៏ស្មុគស្មាញមួយ ដែលគំនិតនេះដំបូងឡើយមានប្រភពចេញពីវិជ្ជាដែលសិក្សាពីអារក្ស របស់ពួកយូដា (Jewish demonology) និង បទគម្ពីរគ្រីស្ទាន។[៤២][៤៣][៤៤][៤៥]

នៅសម័យផ្សេងៗក្នុងប្រវត្តិសាស្ត្រគ្រីស្ទាន គេបានព្យាយាមធ្វើចំណាត់ថ្នាក់អារក្ស ទៅតាមឋានានុក្រមផ្សេងរបស់វា។

នៅក្នុងកណ្ឌគម្ពីរម៉ាកុស មានសរសេរថា ព្រះយេស៊ូវបានដេញអារក្សដែលធ្វើទុក្ខមនុស្សដោយជំងឺផ្សេងៗ ឲ្យចេញពីពួកគេ។ ព្រះអង្គក៏បានប្រទានអំណាចនោះ ដល់ពួកសាវ័ករបស់ព្រះអង្គដែរ។

[៤៦][៤៧][៤៧][៤៧][៤៨][៤៩][៥០] [៥១][៥២][៥៣][៥៤][៥៥][៥៦][៥៧][៥៨][៥៩][៦០][៦១][៦២][៦៣][៦៤][៦៥][៦៦][៦៥][៦៧][៦៨][៦៩][៧០][៧១]

ឯកសារយោង

  1. Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott "δαιμόνιον" Greek-English Lexicon Perseus
  2. See, for example, the course synopsis and bibliography for "Magic, Science, Religion: The Development of the Western Esoteric Traditions" Archived November 29, 2014, at the វេយប៊ែខ ម៉ាស៊ីន., at Central European University, Budapest
  3. "Demon" Merriam-Webster Dictionary Encyclopædia Britannica ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 12 April 2012
  4. Robin Lane Fox, Pagans and Christians 1989, p.137.
  5. See the Medieval grimoire called the Ars Goetia.
  6. Boyce, 1987; Black and Rowley, 1987; Duchesne-Guillemin, 1988.
  7. Jewish Encyclopedia 1906
  8. See Delitzsch, Assyrisches Handwörterbuch. pp. 60, 253, 261, 646; Jensen, Assyr.-Babyl. Mythen und Epen, 1900, p. 453; Archibald Sayce, l.c. pp. 441, 450, 463; Lenormant, l.c. pp. 48–51.
  9. compare Isaiah 38:11 with Job 14:13; Psalms 16:10, ទំព័រគំរូ:Bibleverse-nb, and ទំព័រគំរូ:Bibleverse-nb
  10. Isaacs, Ronald H. (1998) Ascending Jacob's Ladder: Jewish Views of Angels, Demons, and Evil Spirits Jason Aronson p. 96 ISBN 978-0-7657-5965-8 ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 10 September 2014
  11. Bellum Judaeorum vii. 6, § 3
  12. "Antiquities" viii. 2, § 5
  13. ១៣,០ ១៣,១ ១៣,២ "The Jewish Encyclopedia" The Jewish Encyclopedia ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2014-03-12
  14. ១៤,០ ១៤,១ "Demons & Demonology" jewishvirtuallibrary.org The Gale Group ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 21 March 2015
  15. Bar-Hayim, David "Do Jews Believe in Demons and Evil Spirits?-Interview with Rabbi David Bar-Hayim" www.youtube.com Tora Nation Machon Shilo ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 20 March 2015
  16. W. Gunther Plaut, The Torah: A Modern Commentary (Union for Reform Judaism, 2005), p. 1403 online
  17. ១៧,០ ១៧,១ Bar-Hayim, David (HaRav) "Do Jews Believe in Demons and Evil Spirits?" Machon Shilo ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 20 March 2015
  18. Pettigrove, Cedrick (2017-01-16) The Esoteric Codex: Supernatural Legends (អង់គ្លេស) Lulu.com ISBN 9781329053090
  19. (Targ. Yer. to Deuteronomy xxxii. 24 and Numbers vi. 24; Targ. to Cant. iii. 8, iv. 6; Eccl. ii. 5; Ps. xci. 5, 6.)
  20. "Jewish Encyclopedia Demonology" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2007-05-03
  21. Targ. to Eccl. i. 13; Pes. 110a; Yer. Shek. 49b
  22. Pes. 112b; compare B. Ḳ. 21a
  23. García, Martínez Florentino. The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated: The Qumran Texts in English. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1994. Print.
  24. Florentino Martinez Garcia, Magic in the Dead Sea Scrolls: The Metamorphosis of Magic: From Late Antiquity to the Early Modern Period, compilers Jan Bremmer and Jan R. Veenstra (Leuven: Peeters, 2003).
  25. Author=Frey, J. Title=DIFFERENT PATTERNS OF DUALISTIC THOUGHT IN THE QUMRAN LIBRARY IN: Legal Texts And Legal Issues, Year=1984, p. 287
  26. Author=Nickelsburg, George. Title="Jewish Literature between the Bible and the Mishna." N.d. Digital file.
  27. Author=Frey, J. Title=DIFFERENT PATTERNS OF DUALISTIC THOUGHT IN THE QUMRAN LIBRARY IN: Legal Texts And Legal Issues, Year=1984, p. 278
  28. Author=Nickelsburg, George. Title="Jewish Literature between the Bible and the Mishna." N.d. Digital file, p. 147.
  29. Dead Sea Scrolls 1QS III 20–25
  30. Dale Basil Martin, “When did Angels Become Demons?” Journal of Biblical Literature (2010): 657–677.
  31. "Hebrew Concordance: ū·śə·'î·rîm – 1 Occurrence" Biblesuite.com ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2014-03-12
  32. "1140. daimonion" Biblos.com ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 20 March 2015
  33. Dan Burton and David Grandy, Magic, Mystery, and Science: The Occult in Western Civilization (Indiana University Press, 2003), p. 120 online.
  34. Encyclopedia of Spirits: The Ultimate Guide to the Magic of Fairies, Genies, Demons, Ghosts, Gods & Goddesses – Judika Illes – HarperCollins, Jan 2009 – p. 902 [១]
  35. Harris, Stephen L., Understanding the Bible. Palo Alto: Mayfield. 1985. It is considered one of the pseudepigrapha by Protestant, Roman Catholic, and Eastern Orthodox Churches
  36. Moshe Berstein, Angels at the Aqedah: A Study in the Development of a Midrashic Motif, (Dead Sea Discoveries, 7, 2000), 267.
  37. Jubilees 10:7–9
  38. Hanneken Henoch,, T. R. (2006) ANGELS AND DEMONS IN THE BOOK OF JUBILEES AND CONTEMPORARY APOCALYPSES pp. 11–25
  39. VanderKam, James C. (1999) THE ANGEL STORY IN THE BOOK OF JUBILEES IN: Pseudepigraphic Perspectives : The Apocrypha And Pseudepigrapha In Light Of The Dead Sea Scrolls pp. 151–170
  40. Vermes, Geza (2011) The complete Dead Sea scrolls in English London: Penguin p. 375
  41. van der Toorn, Becking, van der Horst (1999), Dictionary of Deities and Demons in The Bible, Second Extensively Revised Edition, Entry: Demon, pp. 235-240, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company,
  42. Exorcism, Sancta Missa – Rituale Romanum, 1962, at sanctamissa.org, Copyright © 2007. Canons Regular of St. John Cantius
  43. Hansen, Chadwick (1970), Witchcraft at Salem, p. 132, Signet Classics, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 69-15825
  44. Modica, Terry Ann (1996), Overcoming The Power of The Occult, p. 31, Faith Publishing Company,
  45. "Angels and Demons – Facts not Fiction" fathercorapi.com បណ្ណសារចម្លងពីខ្លឹមសារដើមនៅ2004-04-05
  46. Augustine of Hippo City of God http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/npnf102.iv.IX.11.html Missing or empty |title= (ជំនួយ); |chapter= ignored (ជំនួយ)
  47. ៤៧,០ ៤៧,១ ៤៧,២ Irving M. Zeitlin (19 March 2007) The Historical Muhammad Polity p. 59 ISBN 978-0-7456-3999-4
  48. Ibn Taymiyah's Essay on the Jinn (Demons), abridged, annotated and translated by Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips, International Islamic Publishing House: Riyadh, p. 19 (note 4).
  49. https://shaikhsohail.wordpress.com/2008/06/13/demonology-in-islam/
  50. Charles Mathewes Understanding Religious EthicsJohn Wiley & Sonspage 249
  51. Patrick Hughes, Thomas Patrick Hughes Dictionary of Islam Asian Educational Services 1995 page 137
  52. Yasmin Henkesh Trance Dancing with the Jinn: The Ancient Art of Contacting Spirits Through Ecstatic Dance Llewellyn Worldwide 2016
  53. Patrick Hughes, Thomas Patrick Hughes Dictionary of Islam Asian Educational Services 1995 page 135
  54. el-Sayed El-Aswad Religion and Folk Cosmology: Scenarios of the Visible and Invisible in Rural Egypt Greenwood Publishing Group 2002page 153
  55. Amira El-Zein Islam, Arabs, and Intelligent World of the Jinn Syracuse University Press 2009page 44
  56. Thomas Patrick Hughes Dictionary of Islam Asian Educational Services 1995page 134; Amira El-Zein Islam, Arabs, and Intelligent World of the Jinn Syracuse University Press 2009page xvi
  57. Smith, Peter (2008) An Introduction to the Baha'i Faith Cambridge: Cambridge University Press p. 112 ISBN 978-0-521-86251-6
  58. A.E. Waite, The Book of Black Magic, (Weiser Books, 2004).
  59. The Encyclopedia of Witches, Witchcraft and Wicca – page 95, Rosemary Guiley – 2008
  60. Freud (1950, 65), quoting Wundt (1906, 129).
  61. Freud, S. (1950). Totem and Taboo. London:Routledge
  62. Peck, M.S. (1983). People of the Lie: The Hope For Healing Human Evil
  63. Peck, M.S. (2005). Glimpses of the Devil: A Psychiatrist's Personal Accounts of Possession, Exorcism, and Redemption.
  64. The exorcist, an interview with M. Scott Peck by Rebecca Traister published in Salon
  65. ៦៥,០ ៦៥,១ The devil you know, National Catholic Reporter, April 29, 2005, a commentary on Glimpses of the Devil by Richard Woods
  66. The Patient Is the Exorcist, an interview with M. Scott Peck by Laura Sheahen
  67. Dominican Newsroom Archived August 29, 2012, at the វេយប៊ែខ ម៉ាស៊ីន.
  68. "RichardWoodsOP.net" RichardWoodsOP.net បណ្ណសារចម្លងពីខ្លឹមសារដើមនៅ2013-12-28 ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2014-03-12
  69. Haarman, Susan (2005-10-25) "BustedHalo.com" BustedHalo.com ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2014-03-12
  70. SN Chiu, “Historical, Religious, and Medical Perspective of Possession Phenomenon” in Hong Kong Journal of Psychiatry, (East Asian Archives of Psychiatry, 2000).
  71. “Demon” in Britannica Concise Encyclopedia,