Microsoft .NET Framework

ដោយវិគីភីឌា
.NET Framework stack

ក្រុមហ៊ុន Microsoft ចាប់ផ្ដើមបង្កើត .NET Framework ដំបូងក្នុងកំឡុងឆ្នាំ ១៩៩០ ដែលពេលនោះត្រូវបានហៅឈ្មោះថា Next Generation Windows Services (NGWS)។ ក្នុងឆ្នាំ ២០០០ ជំនាន់ .NET ១.០ ត្រូវបានដាក់ចេញឲ្យប្រើប្រាស់សាកល្បង។ [១][តំណភ្ជាប់ខូច]

ជំនាន់ .NET Framework ៣.០ ត្រូវបានដាក់បញ្ចូលទៅក្នុងកញ្ចប់ Windows Server 2008 និង Windows Vista. ជំនាន់ ៣.៥ ត្រូវបានដាក់បញ្ចូលទៅក្នុង Windows 7 ។ ជំនាន់ទាំងនេះអាចធ្វើការដំឡើងសម្រាប់ត្រកូលប្រព័ន្ធប្រតិបត្តិការណ៍ Windows XP និង Windows Server 2003 ផងដែរ.[២] ថ្ងៃទី ១២ ខែ មេសា ឆ្នាំ ២០១០ ជំនាន់ .NET Framework ៤.០ ត្រូវបានដាក់បញ្ចូលនៅក្នុង Visual Studio 2010.

គ្រួសារ .NET Framework បានរាប់បញ្ចូលនូវជំនាន់ពីរទៀតគឺ mobileEmbedded device.NET Compact Framework ជាជំនាន់ដែលបានកាត់ផ្នែកសំខាន់ៗខ្លះនៃ Framework ដែលត្រូវបានដាក់បញ្ចូលទៅក្នុង Windows CE និង Windows Mobile ដូចជា smartphones ជាដើម ។ លើសពីនេះទៅទៀត .NET Micro Framework គឺជាកញ្ចប់ ដ៏សម្បូរបែបមួយសម្រាប់ឧបករណ៍ទំនើបៗនាពេលបច្ចុប្បន្ន។.

ទិដ្ឋភាពទូទៅ[កែប្រែ]

សម្រាប់បញ្ជីនៃជំនាន់ Microsoft .NET Framework អាចស្វែករកបានតាមរយៈតំណភ្ជាប់នេះ .NET Framework.

.NET Framework 1.0[កែប្រែ]

នេះជាជំនាន់ដំបូងនៃ NET Framework បានចេញផ្សាយឲ្យប្រើប្រាស់ជាផ្លូវការនៅ ថ្ងៃទី ១៣ ខែ កុម្ភៈ ឆ្នាំ ២០០២ និងអាចរកបានសម្រាប់ Windows 98, ME, NT 4.0, 2000, និង XPMicrosoft បានស្ថាបនាជំនាន់នេះ ហើយបញ្ចប់ជាស្ថាពរនៅ ថ្ងៃទី ១០ ខែ កក្កដា ឆ្នាំ ២០០៧ និង ធ្វើការកែតម្រូវបន្ថែមបញ្ចប់នៅ ថ្ងៃទី ១៤ ខែ កក្កដា ឆ្នាំ ២០០៩ ជាមួយនឹងការចាប់កំហុសនៃ XP Media Center និង Tablet PC[៣]

.NET Framework 1.1[កែប្រែ]

This is the first major .NET Framework upgrade. It is available on its own as a redistributable package or in a software development kit, and was published on 3 April 2003. It is also part of the second release of Microsoft Visual Studio .NET (released as Visual Studio .NET 2003). This is the first version of the .NET Framework to be included as part of the Windows operating system, shipping with Windows Server 2003. Mainstream support for .NET Framework 1.1 ended on 14 October 2008, and extended support ended on 8 October 2013. Since .NET 1.1 is a component of Windows Server 2003, extended support for .NET 1.1 on Server 2003 will run out with that of the OS – currently 14 July 2015. .NET 1.1 is the last available version for Windows NT 4.0.

If .NET Framework 1.0 is removed, installing only .NET Framework 1.1 also provides the system support for version 1.0, except in rare instances where an application will not run because it checks the version number of a library.[៤]

Changes in 1.1 in comparison with 1.0[កែប្រែ]

  • Built-in support for mobile ASP.NET controls. Previously available as an add-on for .NET Framework, now part of the framework.
  • Security changes – enable Windows Forms assemblies to execute in a semi-trusted manner from the Internet, and enable Code Access Security in ASP.NET applications.
  • Built-in support for ODBC and databases. Previously available as an add-on for .NET Framework 1.0, now part of the framework.
  • .NET Compact Framework – a version of the .NET Framework for small devices.
  • Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) support.
  • Numerous API changes.

.NET Framework 2.0[កែប្រែ]

Released with Visual Studio 2005, Microsoft SQL Server 2005, and BizTalk 2006.

  • The 2.0 Redistributable Package can be downloaded for free from Microsoft, and was published on 22 January 2006.
  • The 2.0 Software Development Kit (SDK) can be downloaded for free from Microsoft.
  • It is included as part of Visual Studio 2005 and Microsoft SQL Server 2005.
  • Version 2.0 without any Service Pack is the last version with support for Windows 98 and Windows Me. Version 2.0 with Service Pack 2 is the last version with official support for Windows 2000 although there have been some unofficial workarounds published online to use a subset of the functionality from Version 3.5 in Windows 2000.[៥] Version 2.0 with Service Pack 2 requires Windows 2000 with SP4 plus KB835732 or KB891861 update, Windows XP with SP2 or later and Windows Installer 3.1 (KB893803-v2)
  • It shipped with Windows Server 2003 R2 (not installed by default).

Changes in 2.0 in comparison with 1.1[កែប្រែ]

  • Generics
  • Language support for generics built directly into the .NET CLR.
  • Full computing support for both the x64 and the IA-64 hardware platforms.
  • Numerous API changes.
  • Microsoft SQL Server integration – .NET 2.0, VS 2005, and SQL Server 2005 are all tied together. This means that instead of using T-SQL, one can build stored procedures and triggers in any of the .NET-compatible languages.
  • A new hosting API for native applications wishing to host an instance of the .NET runtime. The new API gives a fine grain control on the behavior of the runtime with regards to multithreading, memory allocation, assembly loading and more (detailed reference). It was initially developed to efficiently host the runtime in Microsoft SQL Server, which implements its own scheduler and memory manager.
  • Many additional and improved ASP.NET web controls.
  • New data controls with declarative data binding.
  • New personalization features for ASP.NET, such as support for themes, skins, master pages and webparts.
  • .NET Micro Framework – a version of the .NET Framework related to the Smart Personal Objects Technology initiative.
  • Membership provider
  • Partial classes
  • Nullable types
  • Anonymous methods
  • Iterators
  • Data tables
  • Introduces Common Language Runtime 2.0

.NET Framework 3.0[កែប្រែ]

.NET Framework 3.0, formerly called WinFX,[៦] was released on 21 November 2006. It includes a new set of managed code APIs that are an integral part of Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 operating systems. It is also available for Windows XP SP2 and Windows Server 2003 as a download. There are no major architectural changes included with this release; .NET Framework 3.0 uses the same Common Language Runtime (CLR) as .NET Framework 2.0.[៧] Unlike the previous major .NET releases there was no .NET Compact Framework release made as a counterpart of this version. Version 3.0 of the .NET Framework shipped with Windows Vista. It also shipped with Windows Server 2008 as an optional component (disabled by default).

.NET Framework 3.0 consists of four major new components:

.NET Framework 3.5[កែប្រែ]

Version 3.5 of the .NET Framework was released on 19 November 2007, but it is not included with Windows Server 2008. As with .NET Framework 3.0, version 3.5 uses Common Language Runtime (CLR) 2.0, that is, the same version as .NET Framework version 2.0. In addition, .NET Framework 3.5 also installs .NET Framework 2.0 SP1 and 3.0 SP1 (with the later 3.5 SP1 instead installing 2.0 SP2 and 3.0 SP2), which adds some methods and properties to the BCL classes in version 2.0 which are required for version 3.5 features such as Language Integrated Query (LINQ). These changes do not affect applications written for version 2.0, however.[៨]

As with previous versions, a new .NET Compact Framework 3.5 was released in tandem with this update in order to provide support for additional features on Windows Mobile and Windows Embedded CE devices.

The source code of the Base Class Library in this version has been partially released (for debugging reference only) under the Microsoft Reference Source License.[៩]

Service Pack 1 [កែប្រែ]

The .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1 was released on 11 August 2008. This release adds new functionality and provides performance improvements under certain conditions,[១០] especially with WPF where 20–45% improvements are expected. Two new data service components have been added, the ADO.NET Entity Framework and ADO.NET Data Services. Two new assemblies for web development, System.Web.Abstraction and System.Web.Routing, have been added; these are used in the ASP.NET MVC Framework and, reportedly, will be used in the future release of ASP.NET Forms applications. Service Pack 1 is included with SQL Server 2008 and Visual Studio 2008 Service Pack 1. It also featured a new set of controls called "Visual Basic Power Packs" which brought back Visual Basic controls such as "Line" and "Shape". Version 3.5 SP1 of the .NET Framework shipped with Windows 7. It also shipped with Windows Server 2008 R2 as an optional component (disabled by default).

.NET Framework 3.5 SP1 Client Profile[កែប្រែ]

For the .NET Framework 3.5 SP1 there is also a new variant of the .NET Framework, called the ".NET Framework Client Profile", which at 28 MB is significantly smaller than the full framework and only installs components that are the most relevant to desktop applications.[១១] However, the Client Profile amounts to this size only if using the online installer on Windows XP SP2 when no other .NET Frameworks are installed or using Windows Update. When using the off-line installer or any other OS, the download size is still 250 MB.[១២]

.NET Framework 4[កែប្រែ]

Key focuses for this release are:

History[កែប្រែ]

Microsoft announced the intention to ship .NET Framework 4 on 29 September 2008. The Public Beta was released on 20 May 2009.[១៦]

On 28 July 2009, a second release of the .NET Framework 4 beta was made available with experimental software transactional memory support.[១៧] This functionality is not available in the final version of the framework.

On 19 October 2009, Microsoft released Beta 2 of the .NET Framework 4.[១៨] At the same time, Microsoft announced the expected launch date for .NET Framework 4 as the 22 March 2010.[១៨] This launch date was subsequently delayed to 12 April 2010.[១៩]

On 10 February 2010, a release candidate was published: Version:RC.[២០]

On 12 April 2010, the final version of .NET Framework 4.0 was launched alongside the final release of Microsoft Visual Studio 2010.

On 18 April 2011, version 4.0.1 was released supporting some customer-demanded fixes for Windows Workflow Foundation.[២១] Its design-time component, which requires Visual Studio 2010 SP1, adds a workflow state machine designer.[២២]

On 19 October 2011, version 4.0.2 was released supporting some new features of Microsoft SQL Server.[២៣]

Windows Server AppFabric[កែប្រែ]

After the release of the .NET Framework 4, Microsoft released a set of enhancements, named Windows Server AppFabric,[២៤] for application server capabilities in the form of AppFabric Hosting[២៥][២៦] and in-memory distributed caching support.

.NET Framework 4.5[កែប្រែ]

.NET Framework 4.5 was released on 15 August 2012;[២៧] a set of new or improved features were added into this version.[២៨] The .NET Framework 4.5 is only supported on Windows Vista or later.[២៩][៣០] The .NET Framework 4.5 uses Common Language Runtime 4.0, with some additional runtime features.[៣១]

.NET for Metro style apps[កែប្រែ]

Metro-style apps are designed for specific form factors and leverage the power of the Windows operating system. A subset of the .NET Framework is available for building Metro style apps for Windows 8 using C# or Visual Basic. This subset is called .NET APIs for apps.

The version of .NET Framework, runtime and libraries, used for Metro style apps is a part of the new Windows Runtime, which is the new platform and application model for Metro style apps. It is an ecosystem that houses many platforms and languages, including .NET Framework, C++ and HTML5/JavaScript.

Framework Core[កែប្រែ]

Core Features[កែប្រែ]

  • Ability to limit how long the regular expression engine will attempt to resolve a regular expression before it times out.
  • Ability to define the culture for an application domain.
  • Console support for Unicode (UTF-16) encoding.
  • Support for versioning of cultural string ordering and comparison data.
  • Better performance when retrieving resources.
  • Zip compression improvements to reduce the size of a compressed file.
  • Ability to customize a reflection context to override default reflection behavior through the CustomReflectionContext class.

Managed Extensibility Framework (MEF)[កែប្រែ]

Asynchronous operations[កែប្រែ]

In the .NET Framework 4.5, new asynchronous features were added to the C# and Visual Basic languages. These features add a task-based model for performing asynchronous operations.

ASP.NET[កែប្រែ]

Networking[កែប្រែ]

  1. Provides a new programming interface for HTTP applications: System.Net.Http namespace and System.Net.Http.Headers namespaces are added
  2. Improved internationalization and IPv6 support
  3. RFC-compliant URI support
  4. Support for internationalized domain name (IDN) parsing
  5. Support for Email Address Internationalization (EAI)

.NET Framework 4.5.1[កែប្រែ]

The release of .NET Framework 4.5.1 was announced on 17 October 2013 along Visual Studio 2013.[៣២] This version requires Windows Vista SP2 and later[៣៣] and is included with Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2.

See also[កែប្រែ]

References[កែប្រែ]

  1. "Framework Versions"http://ben.skyiv.com/clrversion.html [តំណភ្ជាប់ខូច]
  2. "Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 Administrator Deployment Guide"MSDNMicrosofthttp://msdn.microsoft.com/library/cc160717.aspx។ បានយកមក 26 June 2008 
  3. "Microsoft Product Lifecycle Search"Microsoftបា១នទុកជាឯកសារ ពីសំណៅដើម នៅថ្ងៃ 5 September 2009http://support.microsoft.com/lifecycle/search/?sort=PNα=.NET+Framework។ បានយកមក 25 January 2008 
  4. ".NET Framework Developer Center – Frequently Asked Questions"។ បានដាក់ទុកឯកសារ ពី[១] នៅថ្ងៃ July 24, 2012http://web.archive.org/web/20120724012426/http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/netframework/aa497323.aspx 
  5. "Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 in Windows 2000"។ បានដាក់ទុកឯកសារ ពី[២] នៅថ្ងៃ 6 October 2011http://www.webcitation.org/62ENcPdNi។ បានយកមក 6 October 2011 
  6. WinFX name change announcement Archived ២១ ខែមិថុនា ២០០៧ at WebCite
  7. ".NET Framework 3.0 Versioning and Deployment Q&A"http://msdn.microsoft.com/netframework/aa663314.aspx។ បានយកមក 1 June 2008 
  8. "Catching RedBits differences in .NET 2.0 and .NET 2.0SP1"។ បានដាក់ទុកឯកសារ ពី[៣] នៅថ្ងៃ 30 April 2008http://web.archive.org/web/20080430003858/http://www.hanselman.com/blog/CommentView.aspx?guid=7cd75505-192f-4fef-b617-e47e1e2cb94b។ បានយកមក 1 June 2008 
  9. Scott Guthrie (3 October 2007)។ "Releasing the Source Code for the NET Framework"។ បានដាក់ទុកឯកសារ ពី[៤] នៅថ្ងៃ 7 September 2010http://web.archive.org/web/20100907233621/http://weblogs.asp.net/scottgu/archive/2007/10/03/releasing-the-source-code-for-the-net-framework-libraries.aspx។ បានយកមក 15 September 2010 
  10. "Visual Studio 2008 Service Pack 1 and .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1"។ បានដាក់ទុកឯកសារ ពី[៥] នៅថ្ងៃ 4 September 2008http://web.archive.org/web/20080904095627/http://msdn.microsoft.com/vstudio/products/cc533447.aspx។ បានយកមក 7 September 2008 
  11. Justin Van Patten (21 May 2008)។ ".NET Framework Client Profile"BCL Team Blog។ MSDN Blogs។ បានដាក់ទុកឯកសារ ពី[៦] នៅថ្ងៃ 7 December 2008http://web.archive.org/web/20081207211314/http://blogs.msdn.com/bclteam/archive/2008/05/21/net-framework-client-profile-justin-van-patten.aspx។ បានយកមក 30 September 2008 
  12. Jaime Rodriguez (20 August 2008)។ "Client profile explained.."។ បានដាក់ទុកឯកសារ ពី[៧] នៅថ្ងៃ 5 February 2009http://web.archive.org/web/20090205153531/http://blogs.msdn.com/jaimer/archive/2008/08/20/client-profile-explained.aspx។ បានយកមក 15 February 2009 
  13. S. Somasegar"The world of multi and many cores"បា១នទុកជាឯកសារ ពីសំណៅដើម នៅថ្ងៃ 22 June 2007http://blogs.msdn.com/somasegar/archive/2007/05/09/the-world-of-multi-and-many-cores.aspx។ បានយកមក 1 June 2008 
  14. "Parallel LINQ: Running Queries On Multi-Core Processors"http://msdn.microsoft.com/magazine/cc163329.aspx។ បានយកមក 2 June 2008 
  15. "Parallel Performance: Optimize Managed Code For Multi-Core Machines"http://msdn.microsoft.com/magazine/cc163340.aspx។ បានយកមក 2 June 2008 
  16. S. Somasegar។ "Visual Studio 2010 and .NET FX 4 Beta 1 ships!"បា១នទុកជាឯកសារ ពីសំណៅដើម នៅថ្ងៃ 27 May 2009http://blogs.msdn.com/somasegar/archive/2009/05/18/visual-studio-2010-and-net-fx-4-beta-1-ships.aspx។ បានយកមក 25 May 2009 
  17. "STM.NET on DevLabs"។ 27 July 2008។ បា១នទុកជាឯកសារ ពីសំណៅដើម នៅថ្ងៃ 10 August 2009http://blogs.msdn.com/somasegar/archive/2009/07/27/stm-net-in-devlabs.aspx។ បានយកមក 6 August 2008 
  18. ១៨,០ ១៨,១ S. Somasegar។ "Announcing Visual Studio 2010 and .NET FX 4 Beta 2"MSDN Blogs។ បានដាក់ទុកឯកសារ ពី[៨] នៅថ្ងៃ 22 October 2009http://web.archive.org/web/20091022053419/http://blogs.msdn.com/somasegar/archive/2009/10/19/announcing-visual-studio-2010-and-net-fx-4-beta-2.aspx។ បានយកមក 20 October 2009 
  19. Rob Caron។ "Visual Studio 2010 and .NET Framework 4 Launch Date"MSDN Blogs។ បានដាក់ទុកឯកសារ ពី[៩] នៅថ្ងៃ 17 January 2010http://web.archive.org/web/20100117135051/http://blogs.msdn.com/robcaron/archive/2010/01/13/9948172.aspx។ បានយកមក 13 January 2010 
  20. http://www.infoworld.com/d/developer-world/microsoft-offers-visual-studio-2010-release-candidate-643 Archived ខែឧសភា ២១, ២០១០ at the Wayback Machine.
  21. "Update 4.0.1 for Microsoft .NET Framework 4 - Design-Time Update for Visual Studio 2010 SP1"។ Support.microsoft.com។ 2012-06-25http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2495593។ បានយកមក 2013-01-16 
  22. "Microsoft .NET Framework 4 Platform Update 1 - The .NET Endpoint - Site Home - MSDN Blogs"។ Blogs.msdn.com។ 2011-04-19http://blogs.msdn.com/b/endpoint/archive/2011/04/18/microsoft-net-framework-4-platform-update-1.aspx។ បានយកមក 2013-01-16 
  23. "Update 4.0.2 for Microsoft .NET Framework 4 – Runtime Update"។ Support.microsoft.com។ 2012-06-14http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2544514។ បានយកមក 2013-01-16 
  24. Windows Server AppFabric now Generally Available : AppFabric Blog : The Official Microsoft IIS Site
  25. "'Dublin' App Server coming to .NET 4"DevSourcehttp://www.devsource.com/c/a/Architecture/Dublin-App-Server-coming-toNET-40/។ បានយកមក 27 April 2009 
  26. ".NET Framework 4 and Dublin Application Server"MSDN Blogs។ បានដាក់ទុកឯកសារ ពី[១០] នៅថ្ងៃ 10 May 2009http://web.archive.org/web/20090510131816/http://blogs.msdn.com/architectsrule/archive/2008/10/01/net-framework-4-0-and-dublin-application-server.aspx។ បានយកមក 27 April 2009 
  27. Brandon Bray(MSDN Blogs)។ "Announcing the release of .NET Framework 4.5 RTM - Product and Source Code"http://blogs.msdn.com/b/dotnet/archive/2012/08/15/announcing-the-release-of-net-framework-4-5-rtm-product-and-source-code.aspx។ បានយកមក 15 August 2012 
  28. MSDN Library"What's New in the .NET Framework 4.5"http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms171868%28v=VS.110%29.aspx។ បានយកមក 15 August 2012 
  29. Microsoft .NET Framework 4.5
  30. Standalone Installers .NET 4.5
  31. .NET Framework Versions and Dependencies
  32. ".NET Framework 4.5.1 RTM => start coding".NET Framework BlogMicrosoft។ 17 October 2013http://blogs.msdn.com/b/dotnet/archive/2013/10/17/net-framework-4-5-1-rtm-gt-start-coding.aspx។ បានយកមក 18 November 2013 
  33. "Microsoft .NET Framework 4.5.1 (Offline Installer)"Download CenterMicrosoft។ 12 October 2013http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=40779។ បានយកមក 18 November 2013