ភាសាហេព្រើរ

ដោយវិគីភីឌា
(ត្រូវបានបញ្ជូនបន្តពី ភាសាអេប្រឺ)
ភាសាហេព្រើរ
עִבְרִית ʿIvrit
ការបញ្ចេញសំឡេង [(ʔ)ivˈʁit] - [(ʔ)ivˈɾit][note ១]
ដើមកំណើតនៅ Israel, Jewish settlements in the West Bank;[១] used globally as a liturgical language for Judaism
អ្នកនិយាយ ពីកំណើត Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "�".[២]
អំបូរភាសា
អាហ្វ្រូ-អាស៊ី
ប្រព័ន្ធសរសេរ Hebrew alphabet
Hebrew Braille
Official status
ភាសាផ្លូវការនៅក្នុង  Israel
Recognised minority language in  ប៉ូឡូញ[៣]
Regulated by Academy of the Hebrew Language
האקדמיה ללשון העברית (HaAkademia LaLashon HaʿIvrit)
កូដភាសា
ISO 639-1 he
ISO 639-2 heb
ISO 639-3 Either:
heb – Modern Hebrew
hbo – Ancient Hebrew
Linguasphere 12-AAB-a
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Simtat Aluf Batslut.JPG

Hebrew street sign, above in Hebrew alphabet, below in Latin letter transliteration. Aluf Batslut veAluf Shum(he) ("The Onion Champion and the Garlic Champion") is a maqama by Hayyim Nahman Bialik.
"Israel" written in the Hebrew alphabet.

ភាសាហេប្រ៊ូ (អង់គ្លេសHebrew language) គឺជាSemitic language. It is the language of the Jews. the Academy of the Hebrew Language is the supreme institution the Hebrew language.

ភាសានេះត្រូវបាននិយាយដោយជនជាតិអ៊ីស្រាអែលជាយូរយារណាស់មកហើយ តាំងតែពីសម័យនៃព្រះគម្ពីរមកម្ល៉េះ។ After Judah was conquered by Babylonia, the Jews were taken captive to Babylon and started speaking Aramaic. Hebrew was no longer used as much in day-to-day life, but it was still known by Jews who studied religious books.

In the 20th century, many Jews decided to make Hebrew into a spoken language again. It became the language of the new country of Israel in 1948. People in Israel came from many places, and decided to learn Hebrew so they could all speak one language.

Also everyone who wishes to become a Christian priest must learn Hebrew in order to be able to read the Bible in original language.[ប្រភព?]

Hebrew is close to the Arabic language. Hebrew words are made by combining a root with a pattern. In Israeli Hebrew, some words are translated from European languages like English, French, German, and Russian. Many words from the Old Testament were given new meanings in Israeli Hebrew. People learning Hebrew need to study the grammar first in order to read correctly without vowels. In Israeli Hebrew, there is no verb "to be" in the present tense, only in the future and the past tenses. In Biblical Hebrew, there are no tenses but only two "aspects": imperfect and perfect. The imperfect is something like the future and the present tenses. The perfect is something like the past tense. Mishnaic Hebrew is the Hebrew spoken as well as Judeo-Aramaic in the time of Jesus and in the time of the Bar-Kokhba revolt (2nd century AD), until the Byzantine Empire of Justinian (6th century AD).

អក្សរក្រម[កែប្រែ]

The Hebrew alphabet has 22 letters. Five of these letters change when they are at the end of a word. The Hebrew language is read from right to left. The Hebrew alphabet is an abjad which means that only the consonants are written out and the reader must supply the vowels himself. Since this is pretty difficult, the vowels can be marked as dots called niqqud (plural niqqudim). In Modern Hebrew, some letters can denote vowels. These are called matres lectionis (mothers of the reading) as they help the reading a lot.

Aleph Bet Gimel Dalet He Waw Zayin Het Tet Yod Kaf
א ב ג ד ה ו ז ח ט י כ
ך
Lamed Mem Nun Samekh Ayin Pe/Fe Tsadi Kuf Resh Shin/Sin Tav
ל מ נ ס ע פ צ ק ר ש ת
ם ן ף ץ

កំណត់ចំណាំ[កែប្រែ]

  1. Standard Israeli (Sephardi) [ʕivˈɾit]; Iraqi [ʕibˈriːθ]; Yemenite [ʕivˈriːθ]; Ashkenazi [ˈivʀis]

ឯកសារយោង[កែប្រែ]