វិគីភីឌា:IPA for Thai and Lao

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Thai and Lao pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

ព្យញ្ជនៈ
IPA ថៃ Lao សមមូលខ្មែរ
b ប, ប៉
d ฎ,ด ដ, ត
f ฝ,ฟ ຝ,ຟ ផ្វ, ភ្វ
h ห,ฮ ຫ,ຮ ហ៎, ហ
j ญ,ย,อย,หย
k
ข,ฃ,ค,ฅ,ฆ ຂ,ຄ
l ล,ฬ,หล ລ,ຫຼ ល, ឡ
m ม,หม ມ,ໝ ម, ម៉
n ณ,น,หน ນ,ໜ ន,ណ
ŋ ง,หง ງ,ຫງ
ɲ ຍ,ຫຍ (Lao only)
p ប៉
ผ,พ,ภ ຜ,ພ ផ, ភ
r ร,หร ຣ,ຫຼ ,ຫຣ trilled
s ซ,ศ,ษ,ส ສ,ຊ
t ฏ,ต stable
ฐ,ฑ,ฒ,ถ,ท,ธ ຖ,ທ table
tɕʰ ฉ, ช, ฌ (thai only)
w ว,หว ວ,ຫວ quick
ʔ อ, ะ the catch in uh-oh
 
Tone
IPA Description
= āː mid [aː˧]
àː low [aː˨˩]
âː falling [aː˥˩] (Thai), high falling [aː˥˧] (Lao)
a̭ː low falling [aː˧˩] (Lao only)
áː high [aː˦˥]
ǎː mid rising [aː˨˦]
Vowels
IPA Thai[១] Lao English equivalent
Short vowels
a ◌ะ, ◌ั◌ ◌ະ, ◌ັ◌ far
e เ◌ะ, เ◌็◌ ເ◌ະ, ເ◌ັ◌ let
ɛ แ◌ะ, แ◌็◌ ແ◌ະ, ແ◌ັ◌ mat
i ◌ิ, ◌ิ◌ ◌ິ feet
o โ◌ะ, ◌◌ ໂ◌ະ, ◌ົ◌ boat
ɔ เ◌าะ, ◌็อ◌ ◌ໍ lot
u ◌ุ, ◌ุ◌ ◌ຸ book
ɯ ◌ึ, ◌ึ◌ ◌ຶ luck
ɤ เ◌อะ ເ◌ິະ, ເ◌ິ◌ hut
Long vowels
◌า, ◌า◌ ◌າ bra
เ◌, เ◌◌ ເ◌ plain
ɛː แ◌, แ◌◌ ແ◌ pan
◌ี, ◌ี◌ ◌ີ green
โ◌, โ◌◌ ໂ◌ home
ɔː ◌อ, ◌อ◌ ◌ໍ, ◌ອ lawn
◌ู, ◌ู, ◌ູ moon
ɯː ◌ือ, ◌ื◌ ◌ື lure
ɤː เ◌อ, เ◌ิ◌ ເ◌ີ fur
Diphthongs[២][៣]
iaʔ, iəʔ เ◌ียะ ເ◌ັຽະ
ia, iə เ◌ีย, เ◌ีย◌ ເ◌ັຽ beer
uaʔ, uəʔ ◌ัวะ ◌ົວະ
ua, uə ◌ัว, ◌ว◌ ◌ົວ poor
ɯaʔ, ɯəʔ เ◌ือะ ເ◌ຶອະ
ɯa, ɯə เ◌ือ, เ◌ือ◌ ເ◌ຶອ pure

Notes[កែប្រែ]

  1. Vowels diacritics are shown on a dotted circle "◌".
  2. More diphthongs occur in the pattern /Vw/ or /Vj/: /aj, aːj, aw, aːw, iw, uj, uːj, ew, eːw, ɛːw, ɤːj, oːj, ɔːj, iow, uɛj, ɯɛj/.
  3. Thai pronunciation follows the former listing, with /a/ as the ending vowel (according to Tingsabadh, Kalaya (1993). "Thai". Journal of the International Phonetic Association. 23 (1): 24–28. doi:10.1017/S0025100300004746. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)).