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[[ឯកសារ: ភាសាប៉ាស្តូ (پښتو pax̌tō [ˈpəʂt̪oː, ˈpəçt̪oː, ˈpʊxt̪oː]; ត្រូវបានស្គាល់ជាប្រវត្តិសាស្ត្រថា អាហ្វហ្គានី (افغاني afğānī) និង បធានី គឺជាភាសាដើមនៃប្រជាជនប៉ាស្តូនៅអាស៊ីខាងនិរតី។ ប៉ាស្តូគឺភាសាមួយក្នុងក្រុមភាសាអ៊ីរ៉ង់ខាងកើត។ ភាសាប៉ាស្តូគឺភាសាមួយក្នុងចំណោមភាសាផ្លូវការពីរនៃប្រទេសអាហ្វហ្គានីស្ថាន

The Pashto.png
ពាក្យ ប៉ាឝ្តូ សរសេរជាប៉ាស្តូ (រចនាបថណាស្តាលីខ)
ការបញ្ចេញសំឡេង[ˈpəʂt̪oː], [ˈpəçt̪oː], [ˈpʊxt̪oː]
ដើមកំណើតនៅអាហ្វហ្គានីស្ថាន បាគីស្ថាន និង អព្យពបឋាន
ជាតិពន្ធុ (ជនជាតិ)បឋាន
អ្នកនិយាយ ពីកំណើតExpression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "២".[១][២]
Standard forms
Central Pashto (Ghilzai)
Yusufzai (Northeastern)
Kandahari (Southern)
គ្រាមភាសា17 dialects
ប្រព័ន្ធសរសេរArabic script (Pashto alphabet)
Official status
ភាសាផ្លូវការនៅក្នុង អាហ្វហ្គានីស្ថាន[៤]
Recognised minority language in ប៉ាគីស្ថាន[៦]
Regulated byAcademy of Sciences of Afghanistan
Pashto Academy (Pakistan)[៥]
ISO 639-1ps
ISO 639-2pus
ISO 639-3pusinclusive code
Individual codes:
pst – Central Pashto
pbu – Northern Pashto
pbt – Southern Pashto
wne – Waneci
ឯកសារ:Pashto-speaking regions.png
Map of Pashto-speaking regions (red)
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Pashto (پښتو pax̌tō [ˈpəʂt̪oː, ˈpəçt̪oː, ˈpʊxt̪oː]; alternatively spelled Pakhto, Pushto or Pukhto), also known historically as Afghani (افغاني afğānī)[៧] and Pathani,[៨] is the native language of the Pashtun people of South-Central Asia. Pashto is a member of the Eastern Iranian languages group.[៩][១០][១១] Pashto is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan[៤][១២][១៣] (the other being Dari), and is also spoken as a regional language in western and northwestern Pakistan and among the Pashtun diaspora around the world.

Pashto belongs to the Northeastern Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian language family,[៣][១៤] although Ethnologue lists it as Southeastern Iranian.[១៥] The number of Pashtuns or Pashto-speakers is estimated to be 40–60 million people worldwide.[១៦][១៧][១៨][១៨][១៩]

  1. Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007 (39 million)
  2. ទំព័រគំរូ:ELL2
  3. ៣,០ ៣,១ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Iranica-Pashto
  4. ៤,០ ៤,១ Constitution of AfghanistanChapter 1 The State, Article 16 (Languages) and Article 20 (Anthem)
  5. Sebeok, Thomas Albert (1976). Current Trends in Linguistics: Index. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 705. 
  6. Population by Mother Tongue. Population Census Organization, Government of Pakistan Retrieved on 28 December 2011.
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Leyden
  8. India. Office of the Registrar General (1961). Census of India, 1961: Gujarat. Manager of Publications. pp. 142, 166, 177. 
  9. Michael Henderson .The Phonology of Pashto. University of Wisconnsin Madisson Retrieved on 2012-08-20.
  10. Henderson, Michael (1983). "Four Variaties of Pashto". Journal of the American Oriental Society (103.595-8).
  11. Darmesteter, James (1890). Chants populaires des Afghans. Paris. 
  12. Lua error in Module:Cite_web at line 38: attempt to concatenate field 'month' (a nil value).
  13. Banting, Erinn (2003). Afghanistan: The land. Crabtree Publishing Company. p. 4. ល.ស.ប.អ. 0-7787-9335-4. http://books.google.com/books?id=KRt0HfYFZGsC&lpg=PP1&vq=place%20of%20Afghans&pg=PA4#v=onepage&q&f=false។ បានយកមក 2010-08-22. 
  14. Nicholas Sims-Williams, Eastern Iranian languages, in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Online Edition, 2010. "The Modern Eastern Iranian languages are even more numerous and varied. Most of them are classified as North-Eastern: Ossetic; Yaghnobi (which derives from a dialect closely related to Sogdian); the Shughni group (Shughni, Roshani, Khufi, Bartangi, Roshorvi, Sarikoli), with which Yaz-1ghulami (Sokolova 1967) and the now extinct Wanji (J. Payne in Schmitt, p. 420) are closely linked; Ishkashmi, Sanglichi, and Zebaki; Wakhi; Munji and Yidgha; and Pashto."
  15. Lua error in Module:Cite_web at line 38: attempt to concatenate field 'month' (a nil value).
  16. Penzl, Herbert; Ismail Sloan (2009). A Grammar of Pashto a Descriptive Study of the Dialect of Kandahar, Afghanistan. Ishi Press International. pp. 210. ល.ស.ប.អ. 0-923891-72-2. http://books.google.com/?id=zvRePgAACAAJ។ បានយកមក 2010-10-25. "Estimates of the number of Pashto speakers range from 40 million to 60 million..." 
  17. Lua error in Module:Cite_web at line 38: attempt to concatenate field 'month' (a nil value).
  18. ១៨,០ ១៨,១ Pashto. Omniglot.com Retrieved on 2010-10-25. “The exact number of Pashto speakers is not known for sure, but most estimates range from 45 million to 55 million.”
  19. Thomson, Gale (2007). Countries of the World & Their Leaders Yearbook 08. 2. European Union: Indo-European Association. p. 84. ល.ស.ប.អ. 0-7876-8108-3. http://books.google.com/?id=A6vQ-x7V-bYC។ បានយកមក 2010-10-25.