|Peam Krasop Wildlife Sanctuary|
IUCN category IV (ដែនជំរកសត្វព្រៃ)
|ទីតាំង||Koh Kong Province, Cambodia|
|ផ្ទៃដី||២៣៧,៥០ គ.ម២ (៩១,៧០ ម៉ាយ ក.)|
Peam Krasop Wildlife Sanctuary is located in southwestern Cambodia.
The area is known for its mangroves and numerous islands separated by a maze of bays and channels.
Peam Krasaop Wildlife Sanctuary is protected by the Cambodian government. It boasts a unique mangrove ecosystem consisting of 23,750 hectares and has around 10,000 people living within its borders. The area is influenced by inter-tidal levels and water from highland areas. Peam Krasaop Wildlife Sanctuary provides favorable conditions for fishery and other resources. Many people have resided on and done various occupations for their livelihoods and are dependent upon the natural resources in the area, including intensive shrimp aquaculture, large-scale charcoal production, and other purposes.
Boeng Kayak Settlement[កែប្រែ]
The main gateway to Peam Krasaop Wildlife Sanctuary is the settlement of Boeng Kayak (Bankayak), where the local community has built a one-kilometer mangrove walk that consists of a series of elevated walkways, picnic platforms, a suspension bridge and a 15-meter-high observation tower offering panoramic views.
Although Peam Krasaop Wildlife Sanctuary is protected under the Ramsar Convention there are concerns about the destruction of mangrove forests and the clearing of coastal swamp forest for shrimp farming. These activities are having severe negative influence on wildlife habitat. Although the Cambodian legislative framework relating to environmental protection and biodiversity conservation continues to strengthen, law enforcement and effective implementation of national action plans remains a concern. However, with political stability and increasing government willingness to enforce the laws, the situation is improving.
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- Peam Krasop Wildlife Sanctuary: Insights into Life in the Mangroves, International Symposium on Protection and Management of Coastal Marine Ecosystem.
- Mangrove Walk, Lonely Planet, 2011.
- Biodiversity Planning in Asia: Chapter 4 Cambodia, International Centre for Environmental Management.