ទំព័រគំរូ:Infobox beryllium

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Beryllium
4Be
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (other metals)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (other metals)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (other metals)
Tin (other metals)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (other metals)
Lead (other metals)
Bismuth (other metals)
Polonium (other metals)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)


Be

Mg
lithiumberylliumboron
Beryllium នៅក្នុងតារាងខួបនៃធាតុគីមី
រូបរាង
white-gray metallic
លក្ខណៈទូទៅ
ឈ្មោះ, និមិត្តសញ្ញា, លេខ beryllium, Be, 4
Pronunciation /bəˈrɪliəm/
ក្រុម, ខួប, block 2 (alkaline earth metals), 2, s
ទម្ងន់អាតូម {{{atomic mass}}}
លេខអេឡិចត្រុង [He] 2s2
2, 2
Physical properties
Phase solid
ដង់ស៊ីតេ (near r.t.) 1.85 g·cm−3
ដង់ស៊ីតេអង្គធាតុរាវ នៅ ចំណុចរលាយ 1.690 g·cm−3
ចំណុចរលាយ 1560 K, 1287 °C, 2349 °F
ចំណុចរំពុះ 2742 K, 2469 °C, 4476 °F
Critical point 5205 K, MPa
Heat of fusion 12.2 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization 292 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity 16.443 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1462 1608 1791 2023 2327 2742
Atomic properties
ចំនួនអុកស៊ីតកម្ម +2, +1[១]
((an amphoteric oxide))
អេឡិចត្រូនេកាទីវ 1.57 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies
(more)
1st: {{{1st ionization energy}}} kJ·mol−1
2nd: {{{2nd ionization energy}}} kJ·mol−1
3rd: {{{3rd ionization energy}}} kJ·mol−1
Atomic radius 112 pm
Covalent radius 96±3 pm
Van der Waals radius 153 pm
Miscellanea
ទម្រង់គ្រីស្តាល hexagonal close-packed
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic
Electrical resistivity (20 °C) 36Ω·m
Thermal conductivity 200 W·m−1·K−1
Thermal expansion (25 °C) 11.3 µm·m−1·K−1
Speed of sound (thin rod) (r.t.) 12,890 m·s−1
Young's modulus 287 GPa
Shear modulus 132 GPa
Bulk modulus 130 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.032
Mohs hardness 5.5
Vickers hardness 1670 MPa
Brinell hardness 590–1320 MPa
CAS registry number 7440-41-7
History
Discovery Louis Nicolas Vauquelin (1798)
First isolation Friedrich Wöhler & Antoine Bussy (1828)
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of beryllium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
7Be trace 53.12 d ε 0.862 7Li
γ 0.477

ទំព័រគំរូ:Infobox element/isotopes stable ទំព័រគំរូ:Infobox element/isotopes decay

· references

Element navigation

berylliumPT
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ឯកសារយោង

  1. "Beryllium: Beryllium(I) Hydride compound data" (PDF). bernath.uwaterloo.ca. Retrieved 2007-12-10.
Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

Atomic number 119 and above[កែប្រែ]

When the atomic number is ≥ 119, the miniature periodic table shows an extended version (period 8). See for example {{infobox ununennium}}.

Hydrogen example[កែប្រែ]

Hydrogen
1H
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (other metals)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (other metals)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (other metals)
Tin (other metals)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (other metals)
Lead (other metals)
Bismuth (other metals)
Polonium (other metals)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
-

H

Li
- ← hydrogenhelium
Hydrogen នៅក្នុងតារាងខួបនៃធាតុគីមី
រូបរាង
colorless gas

Purple glow in its plasma state

Spectral lines of hydrogen
លក្ខណៈទូទៅ
ឈ្មោះ, និមិត្តសញ្ញា, លេខ hydrogen, H, 1
Pronunciation /ˈhdrəən/ hy-drə-jən[១]
Element category diatomic nonmetal
ក្រុម, ខួប, block 1, 1, s
ទម្ងន់អាតូម 1.007947(1)
លេខអេឡិចត្រុង 1s1
1
Physical properties
ព័ណ៌ colorless
Phase gas
ដង់ស៊ីតេ (0 °C, 101.325 kPa)
0.08988 g/L
ដង់ស៊ីតេអង្គធាតុរាវ នៅ ចំណុចរលាយ 0.07 (0.0763 solid)[២] g·cm−3
ដង់ស៊ីតេអង្គធាតុរាវ នៅ ចំណុចរំពុះ 0.07099 g·cm−3
ចំណុចរលាយ 14.01 K, -259.14 °C, -434.45 °F
ចំណុចរំពុះ 20.28 K, -252.87 °C, -423.17 °F
Triple point 13.8033 K, 7.042 kPa
Critical point 32.97 K, 1.293 MPa
Heat of fusion (H2) 0.117 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization (H2) 0.904 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity (H2) 28.836 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 15 20
Atomic properties
ចំនួនអុកស៊ីតកម្ម 1, -1
(amphoteric oxide)
អេឡិចត្រូនេកាទីវ 2.20 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies 1st: 1312.0 kJ·mol−1
Covalent radius 31±5 pm
Van der Waals radius 120 pm
Miscellanea
ទម្រង់គ្រីស្តាល hexagonal
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[៣]
Thermal conductivity 0.1805 W·m−1·K−1
Speed of sound (gas, 27 °C) 1310 m·s−1
CAS registry number 1333-74-0
History
Discovery Henry Cavendish[៤][៥] (1766)
Named by Antoine Lavoisier[៦] (1783)
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of hydrogen
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
1H 99.985% 1H is stable with 0 neutrons
2H 0.015% 2H is stable with 1 neutron
3H trace 12.32 y β 0.01861 3He
· references

Bare parameters[កែប្រែ]

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Subtemplates used[កែប្រែ]

Isotopes[កែប្រែ]

Isotopes subtemplates are to be entered by the editor:

Other[កែប្រែ]

All other subtemplates are used inplicitly (automatically):

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Periodic table graph:

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See also[កែប្រែ]

Index to chemical element infoboxes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1 asterisk
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1 asterisk
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1 asterisk
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1 asterisk
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Article quality: 

ឯកសារយោង

  1. Simpson, J.A.; Weiner, E.S.C. (1989). "Hydrogen". Oxford English Dictionary. 7 (2nd ed.). Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-861219-2.
  2. Wiberg, Egon; Wiberg, Nils; Holleman, Arnold Frederick (2001). Inorganic chemistry. Academic Press. p. 240. ISBN 0123526515.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds". [[CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics]] (PDF) (81st ed.). CRC Press. URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  4. "Hydrogen". Van Nostrand's Encyclopedia of Chemistry. Wylie-Interscience. 2005. pp. 797–799. ល.ស.ប.អ. 0-471-61525-0. 
  5. Emsley, John (2001). Nature's Building Blocks. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 183–191. ISBN 0-19-850341-5.
  6. Stwertka, Albert (1996). A Guide to the Elements. Oxford University Press. pp. 16–21. ISBN 0-19-508083-1.