និមិត្តសញ្ញាគីមី

ដោយវិគីភីឌា
This is an example of an atomic symbol. The text boxes explain where the numbers are derived from.
The Periodic Table, elements being denoted by their symbols

Current symbols[កែប្រែ]

និមិត្តសញ្ញា ឈ្មោះ Etymology of symbol លេខអាតូម Relative atomic mass ក្រុម ខួប Metallic
character
Ac អាក់ទីញ៉ូម (Actinium) from Greek aktinos (ray) 89 &227[227][nb ១]   7 Actinide
Ag ប្រាក់ (Silver) Latin argentum (silver) 47 &107.86822107.8682(2)[nb ២] 11 5 Transition metal
Al អាលុយមីញ៉ូម (Aluminum) Latin alumen (alum) 13 &026.9815386826.9815386(8) 13 3 Other metal
Am Americium the Americas 95 &243[243][nb ១]   7 Actinide
Ar Argon Greek argon (inert) 18 &039.948139.948(1)[nb ២][nb ៣] 18 3 ឧស្ម័នកំរ
As Arsenic Greek arsenikos (male) 33 &074.92160274.92160(2) 15 4 Metalloid
At Astatine Greek astatos (unstable) 85 &210[210][nb ១] 17 6 Metalloid
Au Gold Latin aurum (gold) 79 &196.9665694196.966569(4) 11 6 Transition metal
B Boron borax 5 &010.811710.811(7)[nb ២][nb ៣][nb ៤] 13 2 Metalloid
Ba បារ៉្យូម (Barium) Greek barys (density) 56 &137.3277137.327(7) 2 6 Alkaline earth metal
Be បេរីល្យូម (Beryllium) beryl 4 &009.01218239.012182(3) 2 2 Alkaline earth metal
Bh Bohrium Niels Bohr 107 &264[264][nb ១] 7 7 Transition metal
Bi Bismuth from German wiss muth (white-mass), becoming bismuth in English 83 &208.980401208.98040(1) 15 6 Other metal
Bk Berkelium Berkeley, California 97 &247[247][nb ១]   7 Actinide
Br Bromine Greek bromos (stench) 35 &079.904179.904(1) 17 4 Diatomic nonmetal
C Carbon Latin carbo (charcoal) 6 &012.0107812.0107(8)[nb ២][nb ៣] 14 2 Polyatomic nonmetal
Ca កាល់ស្យូម (Calcium) Latin calx (lime) 20 &040.078440.078(4)[nb ២] 2 4 Alkaline earth metal
Cd Cadmium Greek kadmia (earth) 48 &112.4118112.411(8)[nb ២] 12 5 Transition metal
Ce Cerium Ceres 58 &140.1161140.116(1)[nb ២]   6 Lanthanide
Cf Californium State and University of California 98 &251[251][nb ១]   7 Actinide
Cl Chlorine Greek chloros (green-yellow) 17 &035.453235.453(2)[nb ២][nb ៣][nb ៤] 17 3 Diatomic nonmetal
Cm Curium Pierre and Marie Curie and the traditional -um ending 96 &247[247][nb ១]   7 Actinide
Cn Copernicium Nicolaus Copernicus 112 &285[285][nb ១] 12 7 Transition metal
Co Cobalt from German kobold 27 &058.933195558.933195(5) 9 4 Transition metal
Cr Chromium Greek chroma (color) 24 &051.9961651.9961(6) 6 4 Transition metal
Cs សេស្យូម (Cesium) Latin caesius (sky blue) 55 &132.90545192132.9054519(2) 1 6 Alkali metal
Cu ទង់ដែង (Copper) Latin Cuprum (Cyprus) 29 &063.546363.546(3)[nb ៣] 11 4 Transition metal
Db Dubnium Dubna, Russia 105 &262[262][nb ១] 5 7 Transition metal
Ds Darmstadtium Darmstadt, Germany 110 &271[271][nb ១] 10 7 Unknown
Dy Dysprosium Greek dysprositos 66 &162.5001162.500(1)[nb ២]   6 Lanthanide
Er Erbium Ytterby, Sweden 68 &167.2593167.259(3)[nb ២]   6 Lanthanide
Es Einsteinium Albert Einstein 99 &252[252][nb ១]   7 Actinide
Eu Europium Europe 63 &151.9641151.964(1)[nb ២]   6 Lanthanide
F Fluorine Latin fluo (flow) 9 &018.9984032518.9984032(5) 17 2 Diatomic nonmetal
Fe ដែក (Iron) Latin ferrum (iron) 26 &055.845255.845(2) 8 4 Transition metal
Fl Flerovium Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions 114 &289[289][nb ១] 14 7 Unknown
Fm Fermium Enrico Fermi 100 &257[257][nb ១]   7 Actinide
Fr ហ្វ្រង់ស្យូម (Francium) France 87 &223[223][nb ១] 1 7 Alkali metal
Ga Gallium Latin Gallia (Gaul) 31 &069.723169.723(1) 13 4 Other metal
Gd Gadolinium gadolinite 64 &157.253157.25(3)[nb ២]   6 Lanthanide
Ge Germanium Germany 32 &072.64172.64(1) 14 4 Metalloid
H អុីដ្រូសែន (Hydrogen) Greek hydor gennao (liquid-produce) 1 &001.0079471.00794(7)[nb ២][nb ៣][nb ៤] 1 1 Diatomic nonmetal
He Helium Greek helios (Sun) 2 &004.00260224.002602(2)[nb ២][nb ៣] 18 1 ឧស្ម័នកំរ
Hf Hafnium Latin Hafnia (Copenhagen) 72 &178.492178.49(2) 4 6 Transition metal
Hg Mercury Greek hydrargyrum (liquid silver) 80 &200.592200.59(2) 12 6 Transition metal
Ho Holmium Latin Holmia (Stockholm) 67 &164.930322164.930 32(2)   6 Lanthanide
Hs Hassium Hesse, Germany 108 &277[277][nb ១] 8 7 Transition metal
I Iodine Greek ioeides (violet) 53 &126.904473126.904 47(3) 17 5 Diatomic nonmetal
In Indium indigo blue 49 &114.8183114.818(3) 13 5 Other metal
Ir Iridium Greek iris (rainbow) 77 &192.2173192.217(3) 9 6 Transition metal
K ប៉ូតាស្យូម (Potassium) Latin kalium (potassium) 19 &039.0983139.0983(1) 1 4 Alkali metal
Kr Krypton Greek kryptos (concealment) 36 &083.798283.798(2)[nb ២][nb ៤] 18 4 ឧស្ម័នកំរ
La ឡង់តាន Greek lanthano (escape) 57 &138.905477138.90547(7)[nb ២]   6 Lanthanide
Li លីចូម (Lithium) Greek lithos (rock) 3 &006.94126.941(2)[nb ២][nb ៣][nb ៤][nb ៥] 1 2 Alkali metal
Lr Lawrencium Ernest O. Lawrence 103 &262[262][nb ១] 3 7 Actinide
Lu Lutetium Latin Lutetia (Paris) 71 &174.9671174.967(1)[nb ២] 3 6 Lanthanide
Lv Livermorium Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory 116 &292[292][nb ១] 16 7 Unknown
Md Mendelevium Dmitri Mendeleyev 101 &258[258][nb ១]   7 Actinide
Mg ម៉ាញ៉េស្យូម (Magnesium) Magnesia, Greece 12 &024.3050624.3050(6) 2 3 Alkaline earth metal
Mn Manganese Greek magnes (magnet) 25 &054.938045554.938045(5) 7 4 Transition metal
Mo Molybdenum Greek molybdos (lead) 42 &095.94295.94(2)[nb ២] 6 5 Transition metal
Mt Meitnerium Lise Meitner 109 &268[268][nb ១] 9 7 Unknown
N Nitrogen Greek nitron (niter) 7 &014.0067214.0067(2)[nb ២][nb ៣] 15 2 Diatomic nonmetal
Na សូដ្យូម (Sodium) Latin natrium (sodium) 11 &022.98976928222.98976928(2) 1 3 Alkali metal
Nb ញ៉ូប្យូម (Niobium) Niobe 41 &092.90638292.906 38(2) 5 5 Transition metal
Nd Neodymium Greek neos didymos (novelty-twin) 60 &144.2423144.242(3)[nb ២]   6 Lanthanide
Ne Neon Greek neos (novelty) 10 &020.1797620.1797(6)[nb ២][nb ៤] 18 2 ឧស្ម័នកំរ
Ni Nickel German kupfernickel (nickeline) 28 &058.6934258.6934(2) 10 4 Transition metal
No Nobelium Alfred Nobel 102 &259[259][nb ១]   7 Actinide
Np Neptunium Neptune 93 &237[237][nb ១]   7 Actinide
O អុកស៊ីសែន Greek oxys (acid) 8 &015.9994315.9994(3)[nb ២][nb ៣] 16 2 Diatomic nonmetal
Os Osmium Greek osme (odor) 76 &190.233190.23(3)[nb ២] 8 6 Transition metal
P Phosphorus Greek phosphoros (light bearer) 15 &030.973762230.973762(2) 15 3 Polyatomic nonmetal
Pa Protactinium Greek protos and actinium 91 &231.035882231.03588(2)[nb ១]   7 Actinide
Pb Lead Latin plumbum (lead) 82 &207.21207.2(1)[nb ២][nb ៣] 14 6 Other metal
Pd Palladium Pallas (genitive Pallados) 46 &106.421106.42(1)[nb ២] 10 5 Transition metal
Pm Promethium Prometheus 61 &145[145][nb ១]   6 Lanthanide
Po Polonium Poland 84 &210[210][nb ១] 16 6 Other metal
Pr Praseodymium Greek prasios (green) 59 &140.907652140.90765(2)   6 Lanthanide
Pt Platinum Spanish platina (silver) 78 &195.0849195.084(9) 10 6 Transition metal
Pu Plutonium Pluto 94 &244[244][nb ១]   7 Actinide
Ra រ៉ាដ្យូម (Radium) Latin radius (ray) 88 &226[226][nb ១] 2 7 Alkaline earth metal
Rb រុយប៊ីដ្យូម (Rubidium) Latin rubidus (red) 37 &085.4678385.4678(3)[nb ២] 1 5 Alkali metal
Re Rhenium German Rheinprovinz 75 &186.2071186.207(1) 7 6 Transition metal
Rf Rutherfordium Ernest Rutherford 104 &261261[nb ១] 4 7 Transition metal
Rg Roentgenium Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen 111 &272[272][nb ១] 11 7 Unknown
Rh Rhodium Greek rhodon (rose) 45 &102.905502102.905 50(2) 9 5 Transition metal
Rn Radon radium and emanation 86 &220[220][nb ១] 18 6 ឧស្ម័នកំរ
Ru Ruthenium Latin Ruthenia (Russia) 44 &101.072101.07(2)[nb ២] 8 5 Transition metal
S Sulfur (Sulphur) Latin sulfur 16 &032.065532.065(5)[nb ២][nb ៣] 16 3 Polyatomic nonmetal
Sb Antimony Latin stibium (eye liner) 51 &121.7601121.760(1)[nb ២] 15 5 Metalloid
Sc ស្កង់ដ្យូម (Scandium) Scandinavia 21 &044.955912644.955912(6) 3 4 Transition metal
Se Selenium Greek selene (Moon) 34 &078.96378.96(3)[nb ៣] 16 4 Polyatomic nonmetal
Sg Seaborgium Glenn T. Seaborg 106 &266[266][nb ១] 6 7 Transition metal
Si Silicon Latin silex (flint) 14 &028.0855328.0855(3)[nb ៣] 14 3 Metalloid
Sm Samarium samarskite 62 &150.362150.36(2)[nb ២]   6 Lanthanide
Sn Tin Latin stannum (tin) 50 &118.7101118.710(7)[nb ២] 14 5 Other metal
Sr ស្ត្រុងចូម (Strontium) Strontian 38 &087.62187.62(1)[nb ២][nb ៣] 2 5 Alkaline earth metal
Ta តង់ដាល់ (Tantalum) King Tantalus 73 &180.947882180.94788(2) 5 6 Transition metal
Tb Terbium Ytterby, Sweden 65 &158.925352158.92535(2)   6 Lanthanide
Tc Technetium Greek technetos (artificial) 43 &098[98][nb ១] 7 5 Transition metal
Te Tellurium Greek tellus (Earth) 52 &127.603127.60(3)[nb ២] 16 5 Metalloid
Th Thorium Thor 90 &232.038062232.03806(2)[nb ១][nb ២]   7 Actinide
Ti Titanium the Titans 22 &047.867147.867(1) 4 4 Transition metal
Tl Thallium Greek thallos (shoot) 81 &204.38332204.3833(2) 13 6 Other metal
Tm Thulium Thule and the traditional -ium ending 69 &168.934212168.93421(2)   6 Lanthanide
U Uranium Uranus 92 &238.028913238.02891(3)[nb ១][nb ២][nb ៤]   7 Actinide
Uuo Ununoctium Latin uni, uni, and oct (one, one, eight) 118 &294[294][nb ១] 18 7 Unknown
Uup Ununpentium Latin uni, uni, and Greek pent (one, one, five) 115 &288[288][nb ១] 15 7 Unknown
Uus Ununseptium Latin uni, uni, and sept (one, one, seven) 117 &294[294][nb ១] 17 7 Unknown
Uut Ununtrium Latin uni, uni, and Greek tri (one, one, three) 113 &284[284][nb ១] 13 7 Unknown
V វ៉ាណាដ្យូម (Vanadium) Vanadis 23 &050.9415150.9415(1) 5 4 Transition metal
W Tungsten German wolfram (wolf-froth) 74 &183.841183.84(1) 6 6 Transition metal
Xe Xenon Greek xenos (alien) 54 &131.2936131.293(6)[nb ២][nb ៤] 18 5 ឧស្ម័នកំរ
Y អុីទ្រីយ៉ូម (Yttrium) Ytterby, Sweden 39 &088.90585288.90585(2) 3 5 Transition metal
Yb Ytterbium Ytterby, Sweden 70 &173.043173.04(3)[nb ២]   6 Lanthanide
Zn Zinc German zin (tin) 30 &065.409465.409(4) 12 4 Transition metal
Zr Zirconium zircon 40 &091.224291.224(2)[nb ២] 4 5 Transition metal
Legend for category color
Background color shows subcategory in the metal–nonmetal range:
លោហៈ Metalloid អលោហៈ Unknown
chemical
properties
អាល់កាឡាំង Alkaline earth metal Lan­thanide Actinide Transition metal Other metal Polyatomic nonmetal Diatomic nonmetal ឧស្ម័នកំរ

Antimatter atoms are denoted by a bar above the symbol for their matter counterpart, so e.g. H is the symbol for antihydrogen.

ឯកសារយោង[កែប្រែ]

  • Element name etymologies. Retrieved July 15, 2005.
  • Atomic Weights of the Elements 2001, Pure Appl. Chem. 75(8), 1107–1122, 2003. Retrieved June 30, 2005. Atomic weights of elements with atomic numbers from 1–109 taken from this source.
  • IUPAC Standard Atomic Weights Revised (2005).
  • WebElements Periodic Table. Retrieved June 30, 2005. Atomic weights of elements with atomic numbers 110–116 taken from this source.
  • Lapp, Ralph E. Matter. Life Science Library. New York: Time Incorporated. 1963.
  • Leighton, Robert B. Principles of Modern Physics. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1959.
  • Scerri, E.R. "The Periodic Table, Its Story and Its Significance". New York, Oxford University Press. 2007.


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