ស៊ីហ្គេម ២០១៣

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ស៊ីហ្គេម លើកទី២៧ ឆ្នា២០១៣
2013 Southeast Asian Games Logo.png
Motto: "Green, Clean and Friendship"
Nations participating11
Athletes participating4730
Events460 in 37 sports
Opening ceremony11 ធ្នូ 2013
Closing ceremony22 ធ្នូ 2013
Officially opened byNyan Tun
Vice President of Myanmar
Athlete's OathSandi Oo
Ceremony venueWunna Theikdi Stadium
Website27th Southeast Asian Games
27th Southeast Asian Games

The 27th ស៊ីហ្គេម is taking place in Naypyidaw, the new capital of Myanmar,[១] as well as in other main cities, Yangon, Mandalay[២] and Ngwesaung Beach.[៣]

The Southeast Asian Games Federation (SEAGF) Council met in Jakarta on 31 May 2010 unanimously agreed to award the Myanmar Olympic Committee the right to host the 27th edition of the games.[៤]

Official website of the Olympic Council of Asia also approved the fact that Myanmar will host the 27th Southeast Asian Games in its news launched on 7 June 2010.[៥] ASEAN Football Federation (AFF)'s official website also announced that Myanmar will host the games.[៦] Myanmar had already hosted the Games in 1961 and 1969 respectively in Yangon, the then capital of Myanmar. This will be the third time that Myanmar will host the Southeast Asian Games. Singapore withdrew its hosting rights due to expected delays in the completion of its new national stadium.[៧][៨]

ប្រទេសម្ចាស់ផ្ទះ[កែប្រែ]

Myanmar, Vietnam, Philippines and Thailand have revealed their intentions to host the Games. However, since the latter hosted the 2003, 2005 and 2007 editions, respectively, these countries are ineligible to host this edition.[៩][១០]

By the time that Myanmar will host the games, the country will hold the largest time interval of hosting the games, spanning a time of 44 years.

រូបតុក្កតាតំណាង[កែប្រែ]

The official mascot of the 2013 Southeast Asian Games is a couple of owls which are considered lucky charms in Myanmar tradition. The male owl is called Shwe Yoe and female owl is called Ma Moe.[១១]

ទីកន្លែង-ទីលានប្រកួត[កែប្រែ]

ស៊ីហ្គេម ២០១៣ is located in Burma
Yangon
Mandalay
Naypyidaw
Ngwesaung
Host cities

Naypyidaw[កែប្រែ]

Wunna Theikdi Sports Complex

  • Main Stadium (Opening and Closing Ceremony, Athletics)
  • Indoor Stadium (Sepak Takraw, Wushu, Badminton, Karate, Taekwondo, Table Tennis)
  • Futsal Indoor Stadium (Futsal)
  • Boxing Indoor Stadium (Boxing, Muay)
  • Billiard & Snooker Indoor Stadium (Billiard)
  • Aquatic Centre (Diving, Swimming)
  • Equestrain Field (Equestrain)
  • Cycling Field (Cycling - Track)

Zayarthiri Sports Complex

  • Main Stadium (Football)
  • Indoor Stadium (Volleyball, Judo, Vovinam, Pencak Silat, Basketball)
  • Swimming Pool (Water Polo)

Other venues

  • Mount Pleasant (Cycling BMX,cross country, downhill)
  • Ngalike Dam (Canoeing, Rowing, Traditional Boat Race)
  • Road of Leway, Pyinmanar, Tatkon (Cycling - Road)
  • Royal Myanmar Golf Course (Golf)
  • Zabuthiri Hotel (Chess)

Yangon[កែប្រែ]

  • Thuwunna Stadium (Football)
  • Thuwunna Indoor Stadium (Wrestling, Kenpō)
  • Thein Phyu Stadium (Weightlifting)
  • Hockey Field (Field Hockey)
  • North Dagon Shooting Range (Shooting)
  • Myanmar Convention Center (Bodybuilding)

Mandalay[កែប្រែ]

Ngwesaung[កែប្រែ]

  • Ngwesaung Beach (Sailing)

Games[កែប្រែ]

ពិធីបើក[កែប្រែ]

The opening ceremony was held on 11 December 2013 at the Wunna Theikdi Stadium. It marked the nation's biggest sporting event hosted since 1969. It was lead with pre-launch entertainment and a series of screens beamed a dramatic lights show during the Chinese-backed extravaganza.

Fireworks displays was made upon the entrance of President Thein Sein into the stadium. The theme song, "Colourful Garden" was performed during the flag-raising ceremony after performances made by 12,000 school children and the Myanmar Royal Auspicious Orchestra. Chairman of the 27th SEA Games Organizing Committee, Vice President Nyan Tun declared the Games open with another explosion of colorful fireworks that lit up the night. Torch relay was passed through the hands of six former Myanmar athletes before Aye Myint Kyu, the Union Minister for Culture, handed it to a Burmese archer where he lit up the Games cauldron by shooting an arrow into it.

A showcase of arts and culture about history of Burma was made, with dance performances accompanied the ending of the ceremony.[១២]

វិញ្ញាសាកីឡា[កែប្រែ]

Myanmar will host 37 sports, less than the number of sport in 2011 Southeast Asian Games in Indonesia.[៤] Organizers did not nominate the sports of beach volleyball and dancesports, because they considered those uniforms unsuitable for Burmese women.[១៣] Tennis and Gymnastics, are Olympic sports not to be played in December. In this edition of the Games, floorball is also contested as a demonstration sport.[១៤] The following sports below were calendared for the 2013 Southeast Asian Games.

¹ – not an official Olympic Sport.
² – sport played only in the SEAG.
³ – not a traditional Olympic nor SEAG Sport and introduced only by the host country.
° – a former official Olympic Sport, not applied in previous host countries and was introduced only by the host country.
ʰ- sport not played in the previous edition and was reintroduced by the host country.

ប្រទេសចូលរួម[កែប្រែ]

      ម្ចាស់ផ្ទះ

ប្រទេស កីឡាករ មន្ត្រី ឯកសារយោង
កូដ IOC ឈ្មោះ ប្រុស ស្រី សរុប ប្រុស ស្រី សរុប
BRU ប្រ៊ុយណេ ប្រ៊ុយណេ
63
9
72
[១៥][១៦]
CAM កម្ពុជា កម្ពុជា
174
69
243
[១៧][១៨]
INA ឥណ្ឌូណេស៊ី ឥណ្ឌូណេស៊ី
393
272
665
221
[១៩]
LAO លាវ ឡាវ
213
130
343
[២០]
MAS ម៉ាឡេស៊ី ម៉ាឡេស៊ី
347
235
582
242
[២១][២២]
MYA មីយ៉ាន់ម៉ា មីយ៉ាន់ម៉ា
579
411
990
[២៣]
PHI ហ្វីលីពីន ហ្វីលីពីន
133
86
219
114
[២៤][២៥]
SIN សិង្ហបុរី សិង្ហបុរី
196
114
310
112
[២៦][២៧]
THA ថៃ ថៃ
419
327
746
[២៨][២៩]
TLS ទីម័រខាងកើត ទីម័រខាងកើត
39
10
49
[៣០]
VIE វៀតណាម វៀតណាម
286
225
511
[៣១][៣២]
សរុប
2842
1888
4730

តារាងមេដៃ[កែប្រែ]

Myanmar will award total 1557 medals; 460 golds, 460 silvers and 637 bronzes to athletes. Athletics awarded 46 gold medals with maximum ones in this year's SEA Games.

      ម្ចាស់ផ្ទះ

ចំណា ប្រទេស មាស ប្រាក់ សំរិទ្ធ សរុប
1  ថៃ (THA) 107 94 81 282
2 [[File:ទំព័រគំរូ:Country flag IOC alias MYA|22x20px|border|alt=|link=|ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias MYA]] [[ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias MYA at the 2013 Southeast Asian Games|ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias MYA]] (MYA) 84 62 85 231
3 [[File:ទំព័រគំរូ:Country flag IOC alias VIE|22x20px|border|alt=|link=|ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias VIE]] [[ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias VIE at the 2013 Southeast Asian Games|ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias VIE]] (VIE) 73 85 86 244
4 [[File:ទំព័រគំរូ:Country flag IOC alias INA|22x20px|border|alt=|link=|ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias INA]] [[ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias INA at the 2013 Southeast Asian Games|ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias INA]] (INA) 65 84 109 258
5  ម៉ាឡេស៊ី (MAS) 43 38 77 158
6 [[File:ទំព័រគំរូ:Country flag IOC alias SIN|22x20px|border|alt=|link=|ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias SIN]] [[ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias SIN at the 2013 Southeast Asian Games|ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias SIN]] (SIN) 34 29 45 108
7 [[File:ទំព័រគំរូ:Country flag IOC alias PHI|22x20px|border|alt=|link=|ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias PHI]] [[ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias PHI at the 2013 Southeast Asian Games|ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias PHI]] (PHI) 29 34 37 100
8 [[File:ទំព័រគំរូ:Country flag IOC alias LAO|22x20px|border|alt=|link=|ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias LAO]] [[ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias LAO at the 2013 Southeast Asian Games|ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias LAO]] (LAO) 13 16 48 77
9  កម្ពុជា (CAM) 8 11 28 47
10 [[File:ទំព័រគំរូ:Country flag IOC alias TLS|22x20px|border|alt=|link=|ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias TLS]] [[ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias TLS at the 2013 Southeast Asian Games|ទំព័រគំរូ:Country IOC alias TLS]] (TLS) 2 3 5 10
11  Brunei (BRU) 1 1 6 8
Total 459[៣៣] 457[៣៤] 607 1523
Source: First Source, Second Source

Concerns and controversies[កែប្រែ]

Event cut down[កែប្រែ]

  • The inclusion of Chinlone, an indigenous traditional Burmese sport is not sitting well with many nations and the exclusion of Olympic disciplines sports like gymnastics and tennis infuriated quite a few competing nations, and has became one of the controversial issues heading before the 27th Southeast Asian Games.[៣៥]
  • The host nation also include Sittuyin, a traditional Burmese chess, as a traditional chess number along with common chess competition number. Other competing nations are not familiar with this traditional Burmese chess.[៣៥]
  • Due to the reduction of a number of Olympic sports and addition of non-Olympic sports and sports wherein the host country excels, the Philippines decided to send only its top athletes instead of a full-house delegation as in the previous games. The Philippines will be sending 208 athletes only, the smallest delegation since the 1999 Brunei SEA Games, which its smallest delegation in 14 years.[៣៥]

Controversial decision[កែប្រែ]

  • The 100m freestyle swimming event for women which was held on December 12 was restarted after Thailand protested and appealed for a re-swim. Thailand claimed that its swimmer participating in the sporting event stopped in the middle of the event after hearing the second horn which signaled a false start. The other swimmers did not stop and the race was not interrupted. Pinky Brosas, national head coach of the Philippine national swimming team criticized the organizers for not interrupting the race and noted that the officials did not put down the 50m flag.[៣៦][៣៧]
  • In the kata team event for women, the Vietnamese team has protested the decision of the jurors, which gave the gold medal to the host team (Myamnar). Subsequently, the juror committee had to have a meeting and admitted their mistakes. They released an apology to Vietnamese women kata team for their faults but the decision of juror could not be changed. Vietnamese media called this incident as a "gold medal robbery", which regularly occurs within SEA Games.[៣៨]
  • In the Pencak Silat Men's 55–60 kg, the committee didn't give the gold medal that had to be given to Indonesia after Mohammad Adhan won the final against Ye Kyaw Thu from Myanmar because Myanmar protested the decision of the jurors decision, and even their protest being rejected by the jurors, the committee still keep the medal and instead of cancelling all of Men's 55–60 kg Tarung event result.[៣៩]
  • In the football event for women, the coach of Myanmar women's national football team has vowed to make an official complaint over the alleged lack of expertise of the Indian referee, Maria Rebello, during the team’s SEA Games defeat on penalties to Thailand.[៤០] Burmese fans were outraged by decisions that disallowed a Burma goal for offside but allowed a contentious goal by Thailand to stand.[៤១]

Alleged racial discrimination in sports[កែប្រែ]

  • About a day before the games began, the Burmese authorities deselected two Chin athletes who were gold medallists in national events.[៤២]
  • In addition to the above, a third Chin athlete was deselected a month previously.[៤៣]

ឯកសារយោង[កែប្រែ]

  1. "Junta Builds Stadium in Bid to Host 2013 SEA Games" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2010-06-03
  2. "Myanmar prepares for the 2013 Southeast Asian Games" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2012-01-05
  3. "More hotels to open at Ngwe Saung beach for SEA Games in 2013" Xinhua News 7 November 2012 ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 7 October 2013
  4. ៤,០ ៤,១ "Myanmar to host 2013 SEA Games" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2010-06-03
  5. "SEA Games updates for 2011, 2013" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2010-06-03
  6. "MYANMAR TO HOST SEA GAMES 2013" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2010-06-03
  7. "We're not hosting SEA Games 2013" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2010-01-13
  8. "Singapore not likely to host 2013 SEA Games" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2009-12-08[តំណភ្ជាប់ខូច]
  9. http://thitruongvietnam.com.vn/gpmaster.gp-media.thi-truong-viet-nam.gplist.74.gpopen.7517.gpside.1.viet-nam-se-dang-cai-sea-games-2013-.asmx
  10. Burma hopeful of hosting 2013 SEA Games
  11. "SEA Games 2013" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 2013-06-15
  12. "Myanmar Lights Up The Skies For 27th SEA Games" http://www.27seagames2013.com/ ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 12 December 2013 External link in |publisher= (ជំនួយ)
  13. Satumbaga, Kristel (4 April 2012) "Myanmar Does What Others Do" Manila Bulletin Publishing Corporation ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 5 April 2012
  14. "Floorball a demonstration sport in the SEA Games 2013 – 07.02.2013"
  15. "Athlete List: Brunei" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 17 December 2013
  16. Yee Chun Leong (1 December 2013) "61 to represent Brunei at Myanmar Games" The Brunei Times ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 13 December 2013
  17. "Athlete List: Cambodia" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 17 December 2013
  18. Over 200 Cambodian athletes to join SEA Games in Myanmar next month
  19. "Athlete List: Indonesia" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 17 December 2013
  20. "Athlete List: Laos" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 17 December 2013
  21. "Athlete List: Malaysia" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 17 December 2013
  22. "Sea Games The Best Platform To Expose Young Athletes - CDM" Bernama 4 December 2013 បណ្ណសារចម្លងពីខ្លឹមសារដើមនៅ12 December 2013 ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 13 December 2013
  23. "Athlete List: Myanmar" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 17 December 2013
  24. "Athlete List: Philippines" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 17 December 2013
  25. "Meet your Philippine contingent to the Myanmar SEA Games" 10 December 2013 ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 14 December 2013
  26. "Athlete List: Singapore" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 17 December 2013
  27. "FIRST EVER TRI-CONTINGENT CEREMONY KICKS OFF TEAM SINGAPORE MAJOR GAMES JOURNEY" (PDF) Singapore Sports Council 18 November 2013 ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 13 December 2013
  28. "Athlete List: Thailand" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 17 December 2013
  29. แข่งที่พม่าสะท้อนไทย ‘ศึกซีเกมส์’ กีฬามี ‘มากกว่ากีฬา’ | เดลินิวส์ - อ่านความจริงอ่านเดลินิวส์
  30. "Athlete List: Timor-Leste" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 17 December 2013
  31. "Athlete List: Vietnam" ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 17 December 2013
  32. Đoàn Thể thao Việt Nam tham dự SEA Games 27 với 519 VĐV
  33. In Athletics Men's 1500m FINAL has 2 Golds Medal.
  34. No Silver Medal in Athletics : Men's 1500m.
  35. ៣៥,០ ៣៥,១ ៣៥,២ HS Manjunath (10 December 2013) "Cambodia eye record medal haul" The Phnom Penh Post ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 13 December 13, 2013 Check date values in: |accessdate= (ជំនួយ)
  36. Jasmine Alkhadi PH Swimmer Gold Medalist Nullified | Philippine News
  37. SEA Games: Alkhaldi gold recalled after Thailand protest; re-swim scheduled | Sports | GMA News Online
  38. Trọng tài karatedo thừa nhận VN mất oan HC vàng - VnExpress
  39. Samarinda Pos Online
  40. ZARNI MANN (19 December 2013) "Burma to Complain About Referee in SEA Games Women's FootballKnockout" The Irrawaddy ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 19 December 2013
  41. SHANGHAI DAILY (19 December 2013) "Myanmar women football also trips out of gold hope" The Shanghai Daily ដកស្រង់នៅថ្ងៃ 19 December 2013
  42. Chin athletes disappointed over selection process for SEA Games
  43. Chin News

តំណភ្ជាប់ខាងក្រៅ[កែប្រែ]

ទំព័រគំរូ:Sequence ទំព័រគំរូ:SEA Games ទំព័រគំរូ:Events at 2013 Southeast Asian Games