កេនយ៉ា

ដោយវិគីភីឌា
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សាធារណរដ្ឋកេនយ៉ា
Jamhuri ya Kenya (Kiswahili)
ទង់ វរលញ្ចករ
បាវចនា: "Harambee" (Kiswahili)
"Let us all pull together"
បទភ្លេង: Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu
O God of all creation
ទីតាំង កេនយ៉ា  (dark blue) ក្នុងthe African Union  (light blue)
ទីតាំង កេនយ៉ា  (dark blue)

ក្នុងthe African Union  (light blue)

ធានី
និង ទីក្រុងធំបំផុត
Nairobi
ភាសា​ផ្លូវការ
National language Kiswahili[១]
ក្រុម​ជនជាតិ​ភាគ​តិច (2016[២])
ប្រជានាម Kenyan
រដ្ឋាភិបាល Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Uhuru Kenyatta
 -  Deputy President William Ruto
 -  Speaker of the Senate Kenneth Lusaka
 -  Speaker of the National Assembly Justin Muturi
 -  Attorney General Githu Muigai
នីតិបញ្ញត្តិ Parliament
 -  សភាជាន់ខ្ពស់ Senate
 -  សភាជាន់ទាប National Assembly
Independence
 -  from the United Kingdom 12 December 1963 
 -  Republic declared 12 December 1964 
ផ្ទៃដី
 -  សរុប 580.367 គ.ម.[៣] (48th)
224.960 ម៉ាយការ៉េ
 -  ទឹក (%) 2.3
ប្រជាជន
 -  ការ​ប៉ាន់​ស្មាន 2017  48,655,760[៤] (28th)
 -  ជំរឿន 2009 38,610,097[៥]
 -  សន្ទភាព 78/គម (124th)
202/ម៉ាយ​ការ៉េ
ផសស (យអទ) ការ​ប៉ាន់​ស្មាន 2017
 -  សរុប $164.340 billion[៦]
 -  ក្នុង​ម្នាក់ $3,516[៦]
ផសស  (មធ្យម) ការ​ប៉ាន់​ស្មាន 2017
 -  សរុប $75.099 billion[៦]
 -  ក្នុងម្នាក់ $1,607[៦]
ជីនី (2014)42.5[៧]
មធ្យម · 48th
លអម (2015)increase 0.555[៨]
មធ្យម · 146th
រូបិយបណ្ណ Kenyan shilling (KES)
តំបន់​ម៉ោង EAT (មសស+3)
ទម្រង់​កាល​បរិច្ឆេទ dd/mm/yy (AD)
បើកបរ​ប្រកាន់ left
ក្រមហៅទូរសព្ទ +254
វថកអន្តរជាល .ke
[២] According to the CIA, estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of mortality because of AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex, than would otherwise be expected.

កេនយ៉ា (អង់គ្លេសKenya; /ˈkɛnjə/; locally [ˈkɛɲa] ( ស្ដាប់)) មានឈ្មោះផ្លូវការថា សាធារណរដ្ឋកេនយ៉ា គឺជាប្រទេសមួយនៅទ្វីបអាហ្វ្រិក និងជាសមាជិកស្ថាបនិកនៃ សហគមន៍អាហ្វ្រិកខាងកើត (East African Community : EAC) មានធានីនិងទីក្រុងធំបំផុតគឺទីក្រុងណៃរ៉ូប៊ី. Kenya's territory lies on the equator and overlies the East African Rift covering a diverse and expansive terrain that extends roughly from Lake Victoria to Lake Turkana (formerly called Lake Rudolf) and further south-east to the Indian Ocean. It is bordered by Tanzania to the south and southwest, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya covers ៥៨១៣០៩ គ.ម (២២៤៤៤៥ ម៉ាយ ក.), and had a population of approximately 48 million people in January 2017.[២]

Kenya has a warm and humid tropical climate on its Indian Ocean coastline. The climate is cooler in the savannah grasslands around the capital city, Nairobi, and especially closer to Mount Kenya, which has snow permanently on its peaks. Further inland are highlands in Central and Rift Valley regions where tea and coffee are grown as cash crops which are major foreign revenue earners. In the West are Nyanza and Western regions, there is an equatorial, hot and dry climate which becomes humid around Lake Victoria, the largest tropical fresh-water lake in the world. This gives way to temperate and forested hilly areas in the neighbouring western region. The north-eastern regions along the border with Somalia and Ethiopia are arid and semi-arid areas with near-desert landscapes. Kenya is known for its world class athletes in track and field and rugby. Thanks to its diverse climate and geography, expansive wildlife reserves and national parks such as the East and West Tsavo National Park, Amboseli National Park, Maasai Mara, Lake Nakuru National Park, Aberdares National Park and white sand beaches at the Coastal region, Kenya is home to the modern safari and has several world heritage sites such as Lamu and numerous beaches, including in Diani, Bamburi and Kilifi, where international yachting competitions are held every year.

The African Great Lakes region, which Kenya is a part of, has been inhabited by humans since the Lower Paleolithic period. By the first millennium AD, the Bantu expansion had reached the area from West-Central Africa. The borders of the modern state consequently comprise the crossroads of the Niger-Congo, Nilo-Saharan and Afroasiatic areas of the continent, representing most major ethnolinguistic groups found in Africa. Bantu and Nilotic populations together constitute around 97% of the nation's residents.[៩] European and Arab presence in coastal Mombasa dates to the Early Modern period; European exploration of the interior began in the 19th century. The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, which starting in 1920 gave way to the Kenya Colony. Kenya obtained independence in December 1963. Following a referendum in August 2010 and adoption of a new constitution, Kenya is now divided into 47 semi-autonomous counties, governed by elected governors.

The capital, Nairobi, is a regional commercial hub. The economy of Kenya is the largest by GDP in East and Central Africa.[១០][១១] Agriculture is a major employer; the country traditionally exports tea and coffee and has more recently begun to export fresh flowers to Europe. The service industry is also a major economic driver. Additionally, Kenya is a member of the East African Community trade bloc.

  1. ១,០ ១,១ Constitution (2009) Art. 7 [National, official and other languages] "(1) The national language of the Republic is Kiswahili. (2) The official languages of the Republic are Kiswahili and English. (3) The State shall–-–- (a) promote and protect the diversity of language of the people of Kenya; and (b) promote the development and use of indigenous languages, Kenyan Sign language, Braille and other communication formats and technologies accessible to persons with disabilities."
  2. ២,០ ២,១ ២,២ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named cia
  3. (PDF) Demographic Yearbook – Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density។ United Nations Statistics Division។ 2012http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2012/Table03.pdf។ បានយកមក 4 September 2017  http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2012.htm
  4. countrymeters.info។ "Kenya population 2017 – Current population of Kenya"http://countrymeters.info/en/Kenya 
  5. "Kenya 2009 Population and housing census highlights"។ បានដាក់ទុកឯកសារ ពី[១] នៅថ្ងៃ 10 August 2013https://web.archive.org/web/20130810182358/http://www.knbs.or.ke/Census%20Results/KNBS%20Brochure.pdf។ បានយកមក 22 May 2011 . http://www.knbs.or.ke.
  6. ៦,០ ៦,១ ៦,២ ៦,៣ "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects (valuation of Kenya GDP)"។ International Monetary Fundhttp://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2017/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=51&pr.y=12&sy=2017&ey=2020&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=664&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a= 
  7. "Human Development Report 2014"។ United Nations។ 2014http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr14-summary-en.pdf។ បានយកមក 26 July 2014 
  8. "2016 Human Development Report"។ United Nations។ 2016http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2016_human_development_report.pdf។ បានយកមក 9 April 2017 
  9. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Asongumarr
  10. Ethiopia GDP purchasing power 2010: 86 billion. Imf.org. 14 September 2006.
  11. Kenya GDP purchasing power 2010: 66 Billion. Imf.org. 14 September 2006.