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Jamhuri ya Kenya (Kiswahili)
Flag of Kenya.svg
Coat of arms of Kenya (Official).svg
បាវចនា: "Harambee" (Kiswahili)
"Let us all pull together"
ភ្លេងជាតិ: Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu
O God of all creation
{{ផែនទីរូបភាព/{{{image_loc_map}}}|Image=Location Kenya AU Africa.svg|Dimension=center|240px|Alt=}}
និង ទីក្រុងធំបំផុត
1°16′S 36°48′E / 1.267°S 36.800°E / -1.267; 36.800
National languageKiswahili[១]
(ឆ្នាំ 2016[២])
Unitary presidential constitutional republic
▪ President
Uhuru Kenyatta
William Ruto
Kenneth Lusaka
Justin Muturi
Githu Muigai
National Assembly
▪ from the United Kingdom
12 December 1963
▪ Republic declared
12 December 1964
▪ ផ្ទៃសរុប
 គ.ម2 [៣]  (48th)
▪ ផ្ទៃទឹក (%)
▪ ប៉ាន់ស្មាន (ឆ្នាំ 2017)
48,655,760[៤] (28th)
▪ ជំរឿន (ឆ្នាំ 2009)
78 នាក់/គ.ម2   (124th)
GDP (PPP)ប៉ាន់ស្មាន (ឆ្នាំ 2017)
▪ សរុប
$164.340 billion[៦]
▪ ក្នុងម្នាក់
GDP (ចារឹក)ប៉ាន់ស្មាន (ឆ្នាំ 2017)
▪ សរុប
$75.099 billion[៦]
▪ ក្នុងម្នាក់
ជីនី (2014)42.5[៧]
មធ្យម · 48th
HDI (2015)increase 0.555[៨]
មធ្យម · 146th
រូបិយវត្ថុKenyan shilling (KES)
ល្វែងម៉ោងUTC+3 (EAT)
ទម្រង់កាលបរិច្ឆេទdd/mm/yy (AD)
[២] According to the CIA, estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of mortality because of AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex, than would otherwise be expected.

កេនយ៉ា (អង់គ្លេស: Kenya; /ˈkɛnjə/; locally [ˈkɛɲa] ( ស្ដាប់)) មានឈ្មោះផ្លូវការថា សាធារណរដ្ឋកេនយ៉ា គឺជាប្រទេសមួយនៅទ្វីបអាហ្វ្រិក និងជាសមាជិកស្ថាបនិកនៃ សហគមន៍អាហ្វ្រិកខាងកើត (East African Community : EAC) មានធានីនិងទីក្រុងធំបំផុតគឺទីក្រុងណៃរ៉ូប៊ី. Kenya's territory lies on the equator and overlies the East African Rift covering a diverse and expansive terrain that extends roughly from Lake Victoria to Lake Turkana (formerly called Lake Rudolf) and further south-east to the Indian Ocean. It is bordered by Tanzania to the south and southwest, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya covers 581,309 km2 (224,445 sq mi), and had a population of approximately 48 million people in January 2017.[២]

Kenya has a warm and humid tropical climate on its Indian Ocean coastline. The climate is cooler in the savannah grasslands around the capital city, Nairobi, and especially closer to Mount Kenya, which has snow permanently on its peaks. Further inland are highlands in Central and Rift Valley regions where tea and coffee are grown as cash crops which are major foreign revenue earners. In the West are Nyanza and Western regions, there is an equatorial, hot and dry climate which becomes humid around Lake Victoria, the largest tropical fresh-water lake in the world. This gives way to temperate and forested hilly areas in the neighbouring western region. The north-eastern regions along the border with Somalia and Ethiopia are arid and semi-arid areas with near-desert landscapes. Kenya is known for its world class athletes in track and field and rugby. Thanks to its diverse climate and geography, expansive wildlife reserves and national parks such as the East and West Tsavo National Park, Amboseli National Park, Maasai Mara, Lake Nakuru National Park, Aberdares National Park and white sand beaches at the Coastal region, Kenya is home to the modern safari and has several world heritage sites such as Lamu and numerous beaches, including in Diani, Bamburi and Kilifi, where international yachting competitions are held every year.

The African Great Lakes region, which Kenya is a part of, has been inhabited by humans since the Lower Paleolithic period. By the first millennium AD, the Bantu expansion had reached the area from West-Central Africa. The borders of the modern state consequently comprise the crossroads of the Niger-Congo, Nilo-Saharan and Afroasiatic areas of the continent, representing most major ethnolinguistic groups found in Africa. Bantu and Nilotic populations together constitute around 97% of the nation's residents.[៩] European and Arab presence in coastal Mombasa dates to the Early Modern period; European exploration of the interior began in the 19th century. The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, which starting in 1920 gave way to the Kenya Colony. Kenya obtained independence in December 1963. Following a referendum in August 2010 and adoption of a new constitution, Kenya is now divided into 47 semi-autonomous counties, governed by elected governors.

The capital, Nairobi, is a regional commercial hub. The economy of Kenya is the largest by GDP in East and Central Africa.[១០][១១] Agriculture is a major employer; the country traditionally exports tea and coffee and has more recently begun to export fresh flowers to Europe. The service industry is also a major economic driver. Additionally, Kenya is a member of the East African Community trade bloc.

  1. ១,០ ១,១ Constitution (2009) Art. 7 [National, official and other languages] "(1) The national language of the Republic is Kiswahili. (2) The official languages of the Republic are Kiswahili and English. (3) The State shall–-–- (a) promote and protect the diversity of language of the people of Kenya; and (b) promote the development and use of indigenous languages, Kenyan Sign language, Braille and other communication formats and technologies accessible to persons with disabilities."
  2. ២,០ ២,១ ២,២ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named cia
  3. (2012). "Demographic Yearbook – Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density" (PDF). Retrieved on 4 September 2017. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2012.htm
  4. countrymeters.info .Kenya population 2017 – Current population of Kenya.
  5. Kenya 2009 Population and housing census highlights . Archived from the original on 10 August 2013.Retrieved on 22 May 2011.. http://www.knbs.or.ke.
  6. ៦,០ ៦,១ ៦,២ ៦,៣ Report for Selected Countries and Subjects (valuation of Kenya GDP). International Monetary Fund
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  10. Ethiopia GDP purchasing power 2010: 86 billion. Imf.org. 14 September 2006.
  11. Kenya GDP purchasing power 2010: 66 Billion. Imf.org. 14 September 2006.