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Spondias dulcis
Spondia dulcis
Scientific classification
Binomial name
Spondias dulcis

ម្កាក់​​ មាន​ឈ្មោះ​វិទ្យាសាស្ត្រ​ថា Spondias dulcis និង ឈ្មោះ​ជា​ភាសា​អង់គ្លេស​ថា Ambarella គឺ​​ជា​​ដើម​​ឈើ​​​ដុះ​នៅ​តំបន់​​ត្រូពិច ឬ​​តំបន់​អេក្វាទ័រ ។ ម្កាក់​​​​មាន​​ផ្លែ​​​អាច​ទទួល​ទាន​បាន ដែល​​មាន​​គ្រាប់​​សរសៃរ ។ ​យើង​អាច​ទទួល​ទាន​ផ្លែ​ម្កាក់​ខ្ចី ឬ ចាស់​​ ​បាន​ ។ ផ្លែ​ម្កាក់​មាន​រសជាតិ​​​ជូ​តិចៗ និង​​ស្រួយ ។ នៅ​​​ប្រទេស​ឥណ្ឌូណេស៊ី (Indonesia) និង ម៉ាឡេស៊ី (Malaysia) ប្រជាជន​នៅ​ទី​នោះ​ទទួលទាន​ផ្លែ​ម្កាក់​​ជាមួយ​​ទឹក​​ជ្រលក់​​ប្រៃ​​ផ្អែម​​ខ្មៅៗ ដែល​ពួក​គេ​ហៅ​​ថា ហៃកូ (hayko) ។ ពួក​គេ​ក៏​​​អាច​យក​ផ្លែ​ម្កាក់​ទៅ​ច្នៃ​ធ្វើ​ជា​​​គ្រឿង​​ផ្សំ​​​មុខ​ម្ហូប​ផ្សេងៗ​ ដូច​ជា​ រ៉ូ​យ៉ាក់ (rojak) ។ នៅ​ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា ផ្លែ​ម្កាក់​ក៏​ត្រូវ​បាន​ជនជាតិ​ខ្មែរ​យក​ទៅ​កែ​ច្នៃ​ជា​ញាំ​ម្កាក់ ឬ​​ទទួល​ទាន​ជា​អាហារ​សម្រន់​​ក៏​បាន ។ ផ្លែ​ម្កាក់​ក៏​ត្រូវ​បាន​មនុស្ស​កែ​ច្នៃ​​​ធ្វើ​​ជា​​ទឹក​​ផ្លែ​​ឈើ​​ស្រស់​ ឬ​កំប៉ុង​​​ផង​ដែរ ។


This fast-growing tree can reach up to 60 ft (18 m) in its native range of Melanesia and Polynesia; however, it usually averages 30 to 40 ft (9–12 m) in other areas. Spondias dulcis has deciduous, pinnate leaves, 8 to 24 in (20–60 cm) in length, composed of 9 to 25 glossy, elliptic or obovate-oblong leaflets 3.5 to 4.0 in (6.25–10 cm) long, which are finely toothed toward the apex. The tree produces small, inconspicuous white flowers in terminal panicles. Its oval fruits, 2.5 to 3.5 in (6.25–9 cm) long, are borne in bunches of 12 or more on a long stalk. Over several weeks, the fruit fall to the ground while still green and hard, then turn golden-yellow as they ripen.[3] According to Morton (1987), "some fruits in the South Sea Islands weigh over 1 lb (0.45 kg) each."[3]


S. dulcis has been introduced into tropical areas across the world. It was brought to Jamaica in 1782, and it is cultivated in Panama, Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, and eastern Sucre in Venezuela. The United States Department of Agriculture received seeds from Liberia in 1909, but it did not become a popular crop in the US. Nevertheless, it is grown in South Florida as far north as Palm Beach County.[4]


Spondias dulcis is most commonly used as a food source. In West Java, its young leaves are used as seasoning for pepes. In Costa Rica, the more mature leaves are also eaten as a salad green though they are tart. However, it is most commonly used for its fruit. The fruit may be eaten raw; the flesh is crunchy and a little sour. According to Boning (2006): "The fruit is best when fully colored, but still somewhat crunchy. At this stage, it has a pineapple-mango flavor. The flesh is golden in color, very juicy, vaguely sweet, but with a hint of tart acidity."[5] In Indonesia and Malaysia, it is eaten with shrimp paste, a thick, black, salty-sweet sauce called hayko in the Southern Min dialect of Chinese. It is an ingredient in rujak in Indonesia and rojak in Malaysia. The juice is called kedondong in Indonesia, umbra in Malaysia, and balonglong in Singapore.

The fruit is made into preserves and flavorings for sauces, soups, and stews. In Fiji it is made into jam. In Samoa and Tonga it is used to make otai. In Sri Lanka the fruit is soaked in vinegar with chili and other spices to make the snack food acharu. In Vietnam the unripe fruit is eaten with salt, sugar, and chili, or with shrimp paste. Children eat the fruit macerated in artificially sweetened licorice extract. In Jamaica, it is mostly considered a novelty, especially by children. It can be eaten with salt or made into a drink sweetened with sugar and spiced with ginger. In Trinidad and Tobago, it is curried, sweetened, salted, or flavored with pepper sauce. In Cambodia it is made into a salad called nhoum mkak. In Suriname, the fruit is dried and made into a spicy chutney, mixed with garlic and peppers.


​ភាសា​បារាំង​ហៅ​ថា prunier de Cythère ឬ pommier de Cythère ឬ​ arbre de Cythèreភាសា​ថៃ​ហៅ​ថា มะกอกฝรั่ง (ម៉ាក់ កក ហ្វ្រ័ង) ភាសា​ស្រីលង្កា​និង​ភាសា​ហូឡង់​ហៅ​ថា Ambarella ភាសា​វៀតណាម​ហៅ​ថា Cóc ។


  1. Davidson, A. and T. Jaine. The Oxford Companion to Food. Oxford University Press, USA, 2006. 805. Print. Retrieved Aug. 09, 2010, from [1]
  2. Dictionary of Caribbean English Usage. 1996.
  3. Morton, J. Ambarella. Center for New Crops & Plant Products. Purdue University. 1987.
  4. Boning, Charles (2006). Florida's Best Fruiting Plants. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. pp. 22–23.
  5. Boning, Charles (2006). Florida's Best Fruiting Plants: Native and Exotic Trees, Shrubs, and Vines. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. p. 23.