អូទ្រីស

ដោយវិគីភីឌា
សាធារណរដ្ឋអូទ្រីស

Republik Österreich
ទង់ វរលញ្ចករ
បទភ្លេង: 
ទីតាំង អូទ្រីស  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [សញ្ញាផែនទី]
ទីតាំង អូទ្រីស  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [សញ្ញាផែនទី]

ធានី
និង ទីក្រុងធំបំផុត
Vienna
48°12′N 16°21′E / 48.200°N 16.350°E / 48.200; 16.350
ភាសា​ផ្លូវការ German
Regional
languages
[១]
ក្រុម​ជនជាតិ​ភាគ​តិច (2011)
ប្រជានាម Austrian
រដ្ឋាភិបាល Federal parliamentary republic
 -  President Heinz Fischer
 -  Chancellor Werner Faymann (SPÖ)
 -  President of the National Council Barbara Prammer (SPÖ)
នីតិបញ្ញត្តិ Parliament
 -  សភាជាន់ខ្ពស់ Federal Council
 -  សភាជាន់ទាប National Council
Independence
 -  Duchy 1156 
 -  Empire 1804 
 -  First Republic 1918–1934 
 -  Federal State 1934–1938 
 -  Anschluss 1938–1945 
 -  Second Republic since 1945 
 -  State Treaty in effect 27 July 1955 
ផ្ទៃដី
 -  សរុប 83.855 គ.ម. (115th)
32.377 ម៉ាយការ៉េ
 -  ទឹក (%) 1.7
ប្រជាជន
 -  ការ​ប៉ាន់​ស្មាន 2011  8,414,638[៤] (92nd)
 -  ជំរឿន 2001 8,032,926
 -  សន្ទភាព 100.3/គម (107th)
257/ម៉ាយ​ការ៉េ
ផសស (យអទ) ការ​ប៉ាន់​ស្មាន 2012
 -  សរុប $358.916 billion[៥]
 -  ក្នុង​ម្នាក់ $42,477[៥]
ផសស  (មធ្យម) ការ​ប៉ាន់​ស្មាន 2012
 -  សរុប $391.469 billion[៥]
 -  ក្នុងម្នាក់ $46,330[៥]
ជីនី (2007) 26[៦]
ទាប
លអម (2013) increase 0.895[៧]
ខ្ពស់​ណាស់ · 18th
រូបិយបណ្ណ Euro ()d (EUR)
តំបន់​ម៉ោង CET (មសស+01)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (មសស+02)
បើកបរ​ប្រកាន់ right
ក្រមហៅទូរសព្ទ +43
វថកអន្តរជាល .ate
ក. Austrian Sign Language is a protected minority language.
ខ. In Burgenland.
គ. In Carinthia.
ឃ. Austrian schilling before 1999; Virtual Euro since 1 Jan 1999; Euro since 1 Jan 2002.
ង. The .eu domain is also used, shared with other European Union member states.

អូទ្រីស (អង់គ្លេសAustria, /ˈɔːstriə/ or /ˈɒstriə/; អាល្លឺម៉ង់Österreich [ˈøːstɐˌʁaɪç] ( ស្ដាប់)), officially the Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich ), is a landlocked country of roughly 8.47 million people[៤] in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The territory of Austria covers ៨៣៨៥៥ សហតិមាត្រការ៉េ (៣២៣៧៧ ម៉ាយ ក.) and has a temperate and alpine climate. Austria's terrain is highly mountainous due to the presence of the Alps; only 32% of the country is below ៥០០ មាត្រ (១៦៤០ ភត), and its highest point is ៣៧៩៨ មាត្រ (១២៤៦១ ភត).[១] The majority of the population speak local Bavarian dialects of German as their native language,[៨] and German in its standard form is the country's official language.[៩] Other local official languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene.[១]


See also[កែប្រែ]

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References[កែប្រែ]

  1. ១,០ ១,១ ១,២ "Regional Languages of Austria"CIA World Factbook។ 2001https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2098.html#au  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "CIA" defined multiple times with different content
  2. "Kommission für Migrations und Integrationsforschung der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften" (PDF)។ Statistik Austria។ 2012។ p. 23http://medienservicestelle.at/migration_bewegt/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/IBIB_2012_Integrationsbericht.pdf 
  3. Schlechtes Integrationsklima bessert sich diepresse.com (2012-07-09).
  4. ៤,០ ៤,១ "Bevölkerungsstand und −veränderung"។ Statistik Austria។ 2011-05-19http://www.statistik.at/web_de/dynamic/statistiken/bevoelkerung/bevoelkerungsstand_und_veraenderung/056447។ បានយកមក 2011-07-24 
  5. ៥,០ ៥,១ ៥,២ ៥,៣ "Austria"International Monetary Fundhttp://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2012&ey=2012&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=122&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=&pr.x=74&pr.y=5។ បានយកមក October 2012 
  6. "Distribution of family income – Gini index"The World FactbookCentral Intelligence Agencyhttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2172.html។ បានយកមក 1 September 2009 
  7. "Human Development Report 2011" (PDF)។ United Nations។ 2011http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Table1.pdf។ បានយកមក 8 November 2011 
  8. "Die Bevölkerung nach Umgangssprache, Staatsangehörigkeit und Geburtsland" (PDF)។ Statistik Austria។ បា១នទុកជាឯកសារ ពីសំណៅដើម នៅថ្ងៃ 13 November 2010http://www.statistik.at/web_de/static/bevoelkerung_2001_nach_umgangssprache_staatsangehoerigkeit_und_geburtsland_022896.pdf។ បានយកមក 17 November 2010 
  9. "Austria"Encyclopædia Britannica។ 31 May 2009។ បា១នទុកជាឯកសារ ពីសំណៅដើម នៅថ្ងៃ 19 April 2009http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/44183/Austria។ បានយកមក 31 May 2009 
Bibliography
  • Brook-Shepherd, Gordon (1998)។ The Austrians: a thousand-year odyssey។ New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc។ ល.ស.ប.អ. 0-7867-0520-5 
  • Jelavich, Barbara (1987)។ Modern Austria: empire and republic 1815–1986។ Cambridge: Cambridge University Press។ ល.ស.ប.អ. 0-521-31625-1 
  • Johnson, Lonnie (1989)។ Introducing Austria: a short history។ Riverside, Calif.: Ariadne Press។ ល.ស.ប.អ. 0-929497-03-1 
  • Rathkolb, Oliver. The Paradoxical Republic: Austria, 1945–2005 (Berghahn Books; 2010, 301 pages). Translation of 2005 study of paradoxical aspects of Austria's political culture and society.
  • Schulze, Hagen (1996)។ States, nations, and nationalism: from the Middle Ages to the present។ Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell។ ល.ស.ប.អ. 0-631-20933-6 

External links[កែប្រែ]

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