បាងកក

ពីវិគីភីឌា
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បាងកក (Bangkok)
กรุงเทพมหานคร
ក្រុងទេព​មហា​នគរ
City
A composite image, the top row showing a skyline with several skyscrapers; the second row shows, on the left, a Thai temple complex, and on the right, a temple with a large stupa surrounded by four smaller ones on a river bank; and the third rowing showing, on the left, a monument featuring bronze figures standing around the base of an obelisk, surrounded by a large traffic circle, with an elevated rail line passing in the foreground, and on the right, a tall gate-like structure, painted in red
Clockwise from top: Si LomSathon business district, Wat Arun, Giant Swing, Victory Monument, and Wat Phra Kaeo
A green rectangular flag with the seal of Bangkok in the centre
Flag
A round seal bearing the image of Indra riding Airavata among clouds, with the words "Krung Thep Maha Nakhon" (in Thai) across the top
ត្រា
Map of Thailand, with a small highlighted area near the centre of the country, near the coast of the Gulf of Thailand
Location within Thailand
កូអរដោនេ: 13°45′N 100°28′E / 13.750°N 100.467°E / 13.750; 100.467កូអរដោនេ: 13°45′N 100°28′E / 13.750°N 100.467°E / 13.750; 100.467[១]
Country Flag of Thailand.svg ថៃ
Region Central Thailand
Settled c 15th century
Founded as capital 21 April 1782
Re-incorporated 13 December 1972
Founded by King Rama I
Governing body Bangkok Metropolitan Administration
រដ្ឋាភិបាល
 • ប្រភេទ Special administrative area
 • Governor Sukhumbhand Paribatra
ផ្ទៃក្រឡា[១]
 • City ១៥៦៨,៧៣៧ គម (៦០៥,៦៩៣ ម៉ាយ ការ)
 • Metro[២] ៧៧៦១,៦ គម (២៩៩៦,៨ ម៉ាយ ការ)
រយៈកំពស់[៣] ១,៥ ម (៤,៩ ភ)
ប្រជាជន (2010 census)[៤]
 • City ៨២៨០៩២៥
 • សន្ទភាពBad rounding here៥៣០០/គម (Bad rounding here១៤០០០/ម៉ាយ ការ)
 • Metro ១៤៥៦៥៥៤៧
 • Metro densityBad rounding here១៩០០/គម (Bad rounding here៤៩០០/ម៉ាយ ការ)
ប្រជានាម Bangkokian
ល្វែងម៉ោង Thailand (ម.ស.ស.+7)
Postal code 10###
ក្រមផ្ទៃដាល 02
ក្រមអ.ម.អ. ៣១៦៦ TH-10
គេហទំព័រ bangkok.go.th

បាងកក គឺ​ជា​រាជធានី​ និង​ជា​ទីក្រុង​ដែល​ប្រជាជន​ច្រើន​បំផុត​នៃ​ប្រទេសថៃ. រជធានី​នេះ​ត្រូវ​បាន​ស្គាល់​ថា​តាម​រយៈភាសា​ថៃក្រុង​ទេព​មហា​នគរ(กรุงเทพมหานคร, pronounced [krūŋ tʰêːp máhǎː nákʰɔ̄ːn] ( ស្ដាប់)) or simply Krung Thep . ទីក្រុង​នេះ​មាន​ផ្ទៃ​ដី​ទំហំ​១៥៦៨.៧ គ.ម.ក្រឡា ស្ថិតនៅ​ដី​សណ្ត​ទន្លេ​ចៅប្រះយ៉ា ភាគ​កណ្តាល​ប្រទេស និង​មាន​ប្រជាជន​ជាង​៨​លាន​នាក់ ស្មើ​នឹង​១២.៦%​នៃ​ចំនួន​ប្រជាជន​សរុប​របស់​ប្រទេស។ ច្រើន​ជាង​១៤​លាននាក់​រស់​នៅ​ជុំវិញ​ទីក្រុង​ ដែល​ធ្វើ​អោយ​បាងកក​ក្លាយ​ជា​ extreme primate city, dwarfing Thailand's other urban centres in terms of importance.

កិច្ចសហប្រតិបត្តិ​ការ​អន្តរជាតិ[កែប្រែ]

Many people holding signs in front of a building with green layered roofs; many national flags on flag poles lined in two rows in front of the building
Protesters in front of the United Nations Building during the 2009 Bangkok Climate Change Conference—Bangkok is home to several UN offices.

កិច្ចសហប្រតិបត្តិ​ការ​អន្តរជាតិ​ជា​ផ្លូវការ​នៃ​ទីក្រុង​បាងកក​ត្រូវ​បាន​គ្រប់គ្រង​ដោយ​នាយកដ្ឋាន​កិច្ចសហប្រតិបត្តិ​ការ​អន្តរជាតិនៃ​BMA. បេសកកម្ម​ជា​ច្រើន​រួម​មាន​៖ ជួយសម្រួល​កិច្ច​សហប្រតិបត្តិការ​ជា​ងទីក្រុង​ធំៗ​ដទៃ​ តាម​រយៈ​ការ​កិច្ចព្រមព្រៀង​ក្នុង​នាម​ជា​ទីក្រុង​បងប្អូនsister city, ការ​ចូលរួម​សកម្មភាព និង​ការ​ចូល​ជា​សមាជិក​ក្នុង​អង្គការ​អន្តរជាតិ​នានា និង​ស្វែង​រក​សកម្មភាព​ដែល​មាន​លក្ខណៈ​សហប្រតិបត្តិការ​ជាមួយ​នឹង​បេសកកម្មការទូត​បរទេស​នានា​ក្នុង​ទីក្រុង។[៥]

ការចូលរួម​សកម្មភាព​អន្តរជាតិ[កែប្រែ]

បាងកក គឺ​ជា​សមាជិក​នៃ​អង្គការ​អន្តរជាតិ​មួយ​ចំនួន​ និង​បណ្តាញ​​នៃ​ការ​គ្រប់គ្រងទីក្រុងក្នុង​តំបន់ រួម​មាន Asian Network of Major Cities 21, the Japan-led Asian-Pacific City Summit, the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, the ESCAP-sponsored Regional Network of Local Authorities for Management of Human Settlements in Asia and Pacific (CITYNET), Japan's Council of Local Authorities for International Relations, the World Association of the Major Metropolises and Local Governments for Sustainability, among others.[៥]

ដោយ​សារ​លក្ខណៈ​ភូមិសាស្រ្ត​នៃ​ចំ​បេះដូង​នៃ​តំបន់​ដីគោក​អាស៊ីអាគ្នេយ៍ និង​ជា​មជ្ឈមណ្ឌល​នៃ​គមនាគមន៍របស់​អាស៊ី បាន​ធ្វើ​ឲ្យ​បាងកក​ជា​ស្នាក់ការ​នៃ​អង្គការ​អន្តរជាតិ និង​តំបន់​ជាច្រើន។ ក្នុង​នោះ​ផង​ដែរ បាងកក​ជា​ទីស្នាក់ការ​នៃ​លេខាធិការដ្ឋាន​នៃ​អង្គការ​សហប្រជាជាតិ​សម្រាប់​ស្ថានបេសកកម្ម​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​និង​សង្គម​សម្រាប់​អាស៊ី និង​ប៉ាស៊ីហ្វិក(ESCAP), ក៏​ដូច​ជា​ការិយាល័យ​ប្រចាំ​តំបន់​អាស៊ី​ប៉ាស៊ីហ្វិក​នៃ​អង្គការ​ស្បៀងអាហារ​និងកសិកម្ម​ (FAO), អង្គការ​អាកាសចរណ៍ស៊ីវិល​អន្តរជាតិ (ICAO),​អង្គការ​ពលកម្ម​អន្តរជាតិ (ILO),​ សហគមន៍​ទូរគមនាគមន៍អន្តរជាតិ (ITU), ឧត្តម​ស្នងការ​​របស់​អង្គការ​សហប្រជាជាតិ​ទទួល​បន្ទុក​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន UNHCR), និង​មូលនិធិ​អន្តរជាតិ​អង្គការ​សហប្រជាជាតិ​សម្រាប់ "'UN Children's Fund"' (UNICEF).[៦]

Sister cities[កែប្រែ]

Bangkok has made sister city and/or friendship agreements with twenty-three other cities in fifteen countries, កាលពី 2012.[៧] They are:

Notes[កែប្រែ]

References[កែប្រែ]

  1. ១,០ ១,១ Thavisin et al. (eds) 2006, p. 24. Reproduced in "Geography of Bangkok". BMA website. Retrieved 8 ខែកញ្ញា 2007.
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Tangchonlatip
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Sinsakul
  4. "Table 1 Population by sex, household type and household by type, average size of private household by region and area: 2010". Statistic tables, NSO website. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 18 ខែកញ្ញា 2012.
  5. ៥,០ ៥,១ International Affairs Division. "Project Plan". International Affairs Division website. International Affairs Division, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. Retrieved 12 ខែកញ្ញា 2012.
  6. "UN Offices in Thailand". United Nations Thailand website. United Nations Thailand. Retrieved 9 ខែឧសភា 2012.
  7. International Affairs Division. "Relationship with Sister Cities". International Affairs Division website. International Affairs Division, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. Retrieved 12 ខែកញ្ញា 2012.
  8. District of Columbia; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (19 ខែកុម្ភៈ 1962). "Resolution: Sister City Affiliation of Washington, D.C. and Bangkok, Thailand" (PDF).
  9. District of Columbia; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (15 ខែកក្កដា 2002). "Reaffirmation agreement between Washington, D.C. and Bangkok, Thailand" (PDF).
  10. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (26 ខែឧសភា 1993). "Agreement on the Establishment of Sister City Relations between Bangkok Metropolitan Administration of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Beijing Municipality of the People's Republic of China" (PDF).
  11. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; Local Government of Budapest (20 ខែកុម្ភៈ 1997). "Letter of Intent of Cooperation between Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) and Local Government of Budapest" (PDF).
  12. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; City of Brisbane (7 ខែឧសភា 1997). "Memorandum of Understanding between the City of Bangkok, The Kingdom of Thailand and the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia" (PDF).
  13. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; City of Moscow (19 ខែមិថុនា 1997). "Protocol of friendly ties between the cities of Bangkok and Moscow" (PDF).
  14. "St. Petersburg in figures > International and Interregional Ties". Eng.gov.spb.ru. Retrieved 27 ខែមិថុនា 2010.
  15. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; City of St.Petersburg (20 ខែមិថុនា 1997). "Protocol on Cooperation between the City of Bangkok (the Kingdom of Thailand) and the City of St.Petersburg (the Russian Federation)" (PDF).
  16. "Existing Sister Cities". City of Manila. Retrieved 2 ខែកញ្ញា 2009.
  17. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; City of Manila (24 ខែមិថុនា 1997). "Sister city friendship afiliation".
  18. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; Jakarta Capital City Administration (21 ខែមករា 2002). "Memorandum of understanding between Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, Kingdom of Thailand and the Jakarta Capital City Administration, Republic of Indonesia concerning sister city cooperation" (PDF).
  19. Hanoi Capital City; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (25 ខែកុម្ភៈ 2004). "Agreement on cooperative and friendship relations between Hanoi Capital City and Bangkok Metropolitan Administration" (PDF).
  20. City of Vientiane; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (24 ខែឧសភា 2004). "บันทึกว่าด้วยความร่วมมือ ระหว่างนครหลวงเวียงจันทน์และกรุงเทพมหานคร" (PDF).
  21. Akimat of Astana City; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (11 ខែមិថុនា 2004). "Agreement on establishment of bilateral relations between the Akimat of Astana City of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the City of Bangkok of Kingdom Thailand" (PDF).
  22. "Agreement of Sister City Relations". Office.bangkok.go.th. Archived from the original on 2 ខែកក្កដា 2012. Retrieved 27 ខែមិថុនា 2010.
  23. Chaozhou City; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (23 ខែវិច្ឆិកា 2005). "Agreement between Chaozhou City, the People's Republic of China and Bangkok, Kingdom of Thailand on the Establishment of Sister City Relations" (PDF).
  24. International Affairs Division. "Relationship with Sister Cities: Fukuoka". International Affairs Division website. International Affairs Division, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. Retrieved 12 ខែកញ្ញា 2012.
  25. Seoul Metropolitan Government; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (16 ខែមិថុនា 2006). "Sister City Agreement between the Seoul Metropolitan Government, Republic of Korea and the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, the Kingdom of Thailand" (PDF).
  26. "Sister Cities of Guangzhou". Guangzhou Foreign Affairs Office. Retrieved 10 ខែកុម្ភៈ 2010.
  27. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; City of Guanzhou (13 ខែវិច្ឆិកា 2009). "Agreement on the establishment of sister city relations between Bangkok, Kingdom of Thailand and City of Guangzhou, the People's Republic of China" (PDF).
  28. City of Lausanne; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (29 ខែធ្នូ 2009). "Accord de fraternité entre La Ville de Lausanne Capitale du Canton de Vaud Confédération Helvétique et La Ville de Bangkok Royaume de Thaïlande" (PDF).
  29. Busan Metropolitan City; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (14 ខែមីនា 2011). "Busan Metropolitan City - Bangkok Metropolitan Administration Agreement on the Establishment of a Friendship City Relationship" (PDF).
  30. Chonqing Municipality; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (26 ខែកញ្ញា 2011). "Agreement between Chonqing Municipality of the People's Republic of China and Bangkok Metropolitan Administration of the Kingdom of Thailand on the establishment of sister-city relationship" (PDF).
  31. Tianjin Municipal Government; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (27 ខែកុម្ភៈ 2012). "Agreement between Tianjin Municipal Government of the People's Republic of China and Bangkok Metropolitan Administration of the Kingdom of Thailand on the establishment of friendship exchanges and cooperative relationship" (PDF).
  32. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; Greater Ankara Municipality (21 ខែមីនា 2012). "Friendship and cooperation agreement between Bangkok Metropolitan Administration of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Greater Ankara Municipality of the Republic of Turkey" (PDF).
  33. Municipal Council of Penang Island; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (5 ខែមេសា 2012). "Memorandum of understanding between Municipal Council of Penang Island of Malaysia and Bangkok Metropolitan Administration of the Kingdom of Thailand on the establishment of friendly cities" (PDF).
  34. International Affairs Division. "Relationship with Sister Cities: Aichi". International Affairs Division website. International Affairs Division, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. Retrieved 12 ខែកញ្ញា 2012.
  35. Xinhua. "Cambodia's Phnom Penh, Thailand's Bangkok become "sister cities"". Global Times. Retrieved 4 ខែមករា 2013.

Bibliography[កែប្រែ]

External links[កែប្រែ]

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