បាងកក

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បាងកក (Bangkok)
กรุงเทพมหานคร
ក្រុងទេព​មហា​នគរ
City
A composite image, the top row showing a skyline with several skyscrapers; the second row shows, on the left, a Thai temple complex, and on the right, a temple with a large stupa surrounded by four smaller ones on a river bank; and the third rowing showing, on the left, a monument featuring bronze figures standing around the base of an obelisk, surrounded by a large traffic circle, with an elevated rail line passing in the foreground, and on the right, a tall gate-like structure, painted in red
Clockwise from top: Si LomSathon business district, Wat Arun, Giant Swing, Victory Monument, and Wat Phra Kaeo
A green rectangular flag with the seal of Bangkok in the centre
Flag
A round seal bearing the image of Indra riding Airavata among clouds, with the words "Krung Thep Maha Nakhon" (in Thai) across the top
ត្រា
Map of Thailand, with a small highlighted area near the centre of the country, near the coast of the Gulf of Thailand
Location within Thailand
កូអរដោនេ: 13°45′N 100°28′E / 13.750°N 100.467°E / 13.750; 100.467កូអរដោនេ: 13°45′N 100°28′E / 13.750°N 100.467°E / 13.750; 100.467[១]
Country Flag of Thailand.svg ថៃ
Region Central Thailand
Settled c 15th century
Founded as capital 21 April 1782
Re-incorporated 13 December 1972
Founded by King Rama I
Governing body Bangkok Metropolitan Administration
រដ្ឋាភិបាល
 • ប្រភេទ Special administrative area
 • Governor Sukhumbhand Paribatra
ផ្ទៃក្រឡា[១]
 • City ១៥៦៨,៧៣៧ គម (៦០៥,៦៩៣ ម៉ាយ ការ)
 • Metro[២] ៧៧៦១,៦ គម (២៩៩៦,៨ ម៉ាយ ការ)
រយៈកំពស់[៣] ១,៥ ម (៤,៩ ភ)
ប្រជាជន (2010 census)[៤]
 • City ៨២៨០៩២៥
 • សន្ទភាពBad rounding here៥៣០០/គម (Bad rounding here១៤០០០/ម៉ាយ ការ)
 • Metro ១៤៥៦៥៥៤៧
 • Metro densityBad rounding here១៩០០/គម (Bad rounding here៤៩០០/ម៉ាយ ការ)
ប្រជានាម Bangkokian
ល្វែងម៉ោង Thailand (ម.ស.ស.+7)
Postal code 10###
ក្រមផ្ទៃដាល 02
ក្រមអ.ម.អ. ៣១៦៦ TH-10
គេហទំព័រ bangkok.go.th

បាងកក គឺ​ជា​រាជធានី​ និង​ជា​ទីក្រុង​ដែល​ប្រជាជន​ច្រើន​បំផុត​នៃ​ប្រទេសថៃ. រជធានី​នេះ​ត្រូវ​បាន​ស្គាល់​ថា​តាម​រយៈភាសា​ថៃក្រុង​ទេព​មហា​នគរ(กรุงเทพมหานคร, pronounced [krūŋ tʰêːp máhǎː nákʰɔ̄ːn] ( ស្ដាប់)) or simply Krung Thep . ទីក្រុង​នេះ​មាន​ផ្ទៃ​ដី​ទំហំ​១៥៦៨.៧ គ.ម.ក្រឡា ស្ថិតនៅ​ដី​សណ្ត​ទន្លេ​ចៅប្រះយ៉ា ភាគ​កណ្តាល​ប្រទេស និង​មាន​ប្រជាជន​ជាង​៨​លាន​នាក់ ស្មើ​នឹង​១២.៦%​នៃ​ចំនួន​ប្រជាជន​សរុប​របស់​ប្រទេស។ ច្រើន​ជាង​១៤​លាននាក់​រស់​នៅ​ជុំវិញ​ទីក្រុង​ ដែល​ធ្វើ​អោយ​បាងកក​ក្លាយ​ជា​ extreme primate city, dwarfing Thailand's other urban centres in terms of importance.


កិច្ចសហប្រតិបត្តិ​ការ​អន្តរជាតិ[កែប្រែ]

Many people holding signs in front of a building with green layered roofs; many national flags on flag poles lined in two rows in front of the building
Protesters in front of the United Nations Building during the 2009 Bangkok Climate Change Conference—Bangkok is home to several UN offices.

កិច្ចសហប្រតិបត្តិ​ការ​អន្តរជាតិ​ជា​ផ្លូវការ​នៃ​ទីក្រុង​បាងកក​ត្រូវ​បាន​គ្រប់គ្រង​ដោយ​នាយកដ្ឋាន​កិច្ចសហប្រតិបត្តិ​ការ​អន្តរជាតិនៃ​BMA. បេសកកម្ម​ជា​ច្រើន​រួម​មាន​៖ ជួយសម្រួល​កិច្ច​សហប្រតិបត្តិការ​ជា​ងទីក្រុង​ធំៗ​ដទៃ​ តាម​រយៈ​ការ​កិច្ចព្រមព្រៀង​ក្នុង​នាម​ជា​ទីក្រុង​បងប្អូនsister city, ការ​ចូលរួម​សកម្មភាព និង​ការ​ចូល​ជា​សមាជិក​ក្នុង​អង្គការ​អន្តរជាតិ​នានា និង​ស្វែង​រក​សកម្មភាព​ដែល​មាន​លក្ខណៈ​សហប្រតិបត្តិការ​ជាមួយ​នឹង​បេសកកម្មការទូត​បរទេស​នានា​ក្នុង​ទីក្រុង។[៥]

ការចូលរួម​សកម្មភាព​អន្តរជាតិ[កែប្រែ]

បាងកក គឺ​ជា​សមាជិក​នៃ​អង្គការ​អន្តរជាតិ​មួយ​ចំនួន​ និង​បណ្តាញ​​នៃ​ការ​គ្រប់គ្រងទីក្រុងក្នុង​តំបន់ រួម​មាន Asian Network of Major Cities 21, the Japan-led Asian-Pacific City Summit, the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, the ESCAP-sponsored Regional Network of Local Authorities for Management of Human Settlements in Asia and Pacific (CITYNET), Japan's Council of Local Authorities for International Relations, the World Association of the Major Metropolises and Local Governments for Sustainability, among others.[៥]

ដោយ​សារ​លក្ខណៈ​ភូមិសាស្រ្ត​នៃ​ចំ​បេះដូង​នៃ​តំបន់​ដីគោក​អាស៊ីអាគ្នេយ៍ និង​ជា​មជ្ឈមណ្ឌល​នៃ​គមនាគមន៍របស់​អាស៊ី បាន​ធ្វើ​ឲ្យ​បាងកក​ជា​ស្នាក់ការ​នៃ​អង្គការ​អន្តរជាតិ និង​តំបន់​ជាច្រើន។ ក្នុង​នោះ​ផង​ដែរ បាងកក​ជា​ទីស្នាក់ការ​នៃ​លេខាធិការដ្ឋាន​នៃ​អង្គការ​សហប្រជាជាតិ​សម្រាប់​ស្ថានបេសកកម្ម​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​និង​សង្គម​សម្រាប់​អាស៊ី និង​ប៉ាស៊ីហ្វិក(ESCAP), ក៏​ដូច​ជា​ការិយាល័យ​ប្រចាំ​តំបន់​អាស៊ី​ប៉ាស៊ីហ្វិក​នៃ​អង្គការ​ស្បៀងអាហារ​និងកសិកម្ម​ (FAO), អង្គការ​អាកាសចរណ៍ស៊ីវិល​អន្តរជាតិ (ICAO),​អង្គការ​ពលកម្ម​អន្តរជាតិ (ILO),​ សហគមន៍​ទូរគមនាគមន៍អន្តរជាតិ (ITU), ឧត្តម​ស្នងការ​​របស់​អង្គការ​សហប្រជាជាតិ​ទទួល​បន្ទុក​ជន​ភៀស​ខ្លួន UNHCR), និង​មូលនិធិ​អន្តរជាតិ​អង្គការ​សហប្រជាជាតិ​សម្រាប់ "'UN Children's Fund"' (UNICEF).[៦]

Sister cities[កែប្រែ]

Bangkok has made sister city and/or friendship agreements with twenty-three other cities in fifteen countries, កាលពី 2012.[៧] They are:

Notes[កែប្រែ]

References[កែប្រែ]

  1. ១,០ ១,១ Thavisin et al. (eds) 2006, p. 24. Reproduced in "Geography of Bangkok"BMA websitehttp://www.bangkok.go.th/th/page/index.php?&153-Geography_of_Bangkok&l=en។ បានយកមក 8 September 2007 
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Tangchonlatip
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Sinsakul
  4. "Table 1 Population by sex, household type and household by type, average size of private household by region and area: 2010"Statistic tables, NSO website។ National Statistics Officehttp://service.nso.go.th/nso/nso_center/project/table/files/C-pop/2553/000/00_C-pop_2553_000_010000_00100.xls។ បានយកមក 18 September 2012 
  5. ៥,០ ៥,១ International Affairs Division។ "Project Plan"International Affairs Division website។ International Affairs Division, Bangkok Metropolitan Administrationhttp://iad.bangkok.go.th/en/node/334។ បានយកមក 12 September 2012 
  6. "UN Offices in Thailand"United Nations Thailand website។ United Nations Thailandhttp://www.un.or.th/unagencies/index.html។ បានយកមក 9 May 2012 
  7. International Affairs Division។ "Relationship with Sister Cities"International Affairs Division website។ International Affairs Division, Bangkok Metropolitan Administrationhttp://iad.bangkok.go.th/en/list។ បានយកមក 12 September 2012 
  8. District of Columbia; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (19 February 1962)។ "Resolution: Sister City Affiliation of Washington, D.C. and Bangkok, Thailand"http://os.dc.gov/sites/default/files/dc/sites/os/publication/attachments/OS_DC_Bangkok_Agreement_1962.pdf 
  9. District of Columbia; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (15 July 2002)។ "Reaffirmation agreement between Washington, D.C. and Bangkok, Thailand"http://os.dc.gov/sites/default/files/dc/sites/os/publication/attachments/OS_DC_Bangkok_Renewal_2002.pdf 
  10. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (26 May 1993)។ "Agreement on the Establishment of Sister City Relations between Bangkok Metropolitan Administration of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Beijing Municipality of the People's Republic of China"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/Beijing.pdf 
  11. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; Local Government of Budapest (20 February 1997)។ "Letter of Intent of Cooperation between Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) and Local Government of Budapest"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/Budapest.pdf 
  12. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; City of Brisbane (7 May 1997)។ "Memorandum of Understanding between the City of Bangkok, The Kingdom of Thailand and the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/Brisbane.pdf 
  13. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; City of Moscow (19 June 1997)។ "Protocol of friendly ties between the cities of Bangkok and Moscow"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/Moscow.pdf 
  14. "St. Petersburg in figures > International and Interregional Ties"។ Eng.gov.spb.ruhttp://eng.gov.spb.ru/figures/ities។ បានយកមក 27 June 2010 
  15. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; City of St.Petersburg (20 June 1997)។ "Protocol on Cooperation between the City of Bangkok (the Kingdom of Thailand) and the City of St.Petersburg (the Russian Federation)"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/St%27%20Petersburg.pdf 
  16. "Existing Sister Cities"។ City of Manilahttp://www.manila.gov.ph/localgovt.htm#sistercities។ បានយកមក 2 September 2009 
  17. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; City of Manila (24 June 1997)។ "Sister city friendship afiliation"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/Manila.doc 
  18. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; Jakarta Capital City Administration (21 January 2002)។ "Memorandum of understanding between Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, Kingdom of Thailand and the Jakarta Capital City Administration, Republic of Indonesia concerning sister city cooperation"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/jakarta%5B1%5D.pdf 
  19. Hanoi Capital City; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (25 February 2004)។ "Agreement on cooperative and friendship relations between Hanoi Capital City and Bangkok Metropolitan Administration"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/Hanoi.pdf 
  20. City of Vientiane; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (24 May 2004)។ "บันทึกว่าด้วยความร่วมมือ ระหว่างนครหลวงเวียงจันทน์และกรุงเทพมหานคร"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/Vientiane.pdf 
  21. Akimat of Astana City; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (11 June 2004)។ "Agreement on establishment of bilateral relations between the Akimat of Astana City of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the City of Bangkok of Kingdom Thailand"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/Astana.pdf 
  22. "Agreement of Sister City Relations"។ Office.bangkok.go.th។ បានដាក់ទុកឯកសារ ពី[១] នៅថ្ងៃ 2 July 2012http://archive.is/lnF4។ បានយកមក 27 June 2010 
  23. Chaozhou City; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (23 November 2005)។ "Agreement between Chaozhou City, the People's Republic of China and Bangkok, Kingdom of Thailand on the Establishment of Sister City Relations"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/Chaozhou.pdf 
  24. International Affairs Division។ "Relationship with Sister Cities: Fukuoka"International Affairs Division website។ International Affairs Division, Bangkok Metropolitan Administrationhttp://iad.bangkok.go.th/en/showsister_cities?id=40។ បានយកមក 12 September 2012 
  25. Seoul Metropolitan Government; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (16 June 2006)។ "Sister City Agreement between the Seoul Metropolitan Government, Republic of Korea and the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, the Kingdom of Thailand"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/Seoul.pdf 
  26. "Sister Cities of Guangzhou"។ Guangzhou Foreign Affairs Officehttp://www.gzwaishi.gov.cn/Item/3970.aspx។ បានយកមក 10 February 2010 
  27. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; City of Guanzhou (13 November 2009)។ "Agreement on the establishment of sister city relations between Bangkok, Kingdom of Thailand and City of Guangzhou, the People's Republic of China"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/Guangzhou.pdf 
  28. City of Lausanne; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (29 December 2009)។ "Accord de fraternité entre La Ville de Lausanne Capitale du Canton de Vaud Confédération Helvétique et La Ville de Bangkok Royaume de Thaïlande"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/Lausanne%5B1%5D.pdf 
  29. Busan Metropolitan City; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (14 March 2011)។ "Busan Metropolitan City - Bangkok Metropolitan Administration Agreement on the Establishment of a Friendship City Relationship"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/Busan.pdf 
  30. Chonqing Municipality; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (26 September 2011)។ "Agreement between Chonqing Municipality of the People's Republic of China and Bangkok Metropolitan Administration of the Kingdom of Thailand on the establishment of sister-city relationship"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/Chongqing.pdf 
  31. Tianjin Municipal Government; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (27 February 2012)។ "Agreement between Tianjin Municipal Government of the People's Republic of China and Bangkok Metropolitan Administration of the Kingdom of Thailand on the establishment of friendship exchanges and cooperative relationship"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/Tianjin.pdf 
  32. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; Greater Ankara Municipality (21 March 2012)។ "Friendship and cooperation agreement between Bangkok Metropolitan Administration of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Greater Ankara Municipality of the Republic of Turkey"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/Angara.pdf 
  33. Municipal Council of Penang Island; Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (5 April 2012)។ "Memorandum of understanding between Municipal Council of Penang Island of Malaysia and Bangkok Metropolitan Administration of the Kingdom of Thailand on the establishment of friendly cities"http://iad.bangkok.go.th/sites/default/files/GeorgeTown.pdf 
  34. International Affairs Division។ "Relationship with Sister Cities: Aichi"International Affairs Division website។ International Affairs Division, Bangkok Metropolitan Administrationhttp://iad.bangkok.go.th/en/showsister_cities?id=52។ បានយកមក 12 September 2012 
  35. Xinhua។ "Cambodia's Phnom Penh, Thailand's Bangkok become "sister cities""។ Global Timeshttp://www.globaltimes.cn/content/753694.shtml។ បានយកមក 4 January 2013 

Bibliography[កែប្រែ]

External links[កែប្រែ]

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